Classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles

classes préparatoiresclasses préparatoires aux grandes écolespreparatory classesCPGEclasse préparatoireHigher School Preparatory Classespreparatory classpreparatory schoolClasses Préparatoires aux Grandes EcolesFrench preparatory classes
The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE) (English: Higher School Preparatory Classes), commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are part of the French post-secondary education system.wikipedia
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Grandes écoles

grande écoleGrandes EcolesGrande Ecole
They consist of two years of study (extendable to three or exceptionally four years) which act as a preparatory course (or cram school) with the main goal of training students for enrolment in one of the grandes écoles.
While open for anyone to register (for a small fee), candidates for the national exams have almost always completed two or three years of dedicated preparatory classes for admission.

Cram school

crammercram schoolscramming establishment
They consist of two years of study (extendable to three or exceptionally four years) which act as a preparatory course (or cram school) with the main goal of training students for enrolment in one of the grandes écoles.
About 5% of the French students attend the Classes Préparatoires aux Grandes Écoles (prep school) or CPGE.

Arts et Métiers ParisTech

École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiersÉcole des Arts et MétiersENSAM
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).
In 1963, the curriculum was modified in order to recruit new students from the Classes préparatoires.

Engineering education

engineering collegeengineering schoolCollege of Engineering
They include science and engineering schools, business schools, the four veterinary colleges and the four écoles normales supérieures but do not include medical or law schools, nor architecture schools.
Many Écoles recruit undergraduate students from CPGE (two- or three-year high level program after the Baccalauréat), even though some of them include an integrated undergraduate cycle.

Institut supérieur de l'aéronautique et de l'espace

ISAEInstitut supérieur de l'aéronautique et de l'espace (ISAE-SUPAERO)ISAE (SUPAERO/ENSICA) Toulouse
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).
The undergraduate admission to ISAE-SUPAERO in the engineer cycle is made through two ways: the first pathway by which most students are recruited, is a very selective examination which requires at least two years of very intensive preparation after high school in classes préparatoires.

Education in France

French educational systemFranceFrench
The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE) (English: Higher School Preparatory Classes), commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are part of the French post-secondary education system.
The Preparatory classes (in French "classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles" or CPGE), widely known as prépas, is a prep course with the main goal of training students for enrollment in a grande école.

HEC Paris

HEC School of ManagementHECÉcole des Hautes Études Commerciales
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).
Due to French corporations' demand for North American style management education, at the end of the 1950s, the case-based method was generalized and a one-year classe préparatoire was created to prepare for the entrance examination, which had become difficult.

Khâgne

hypokhâgnehumanitieshypokhâgne and a khâgne
The literary and humanities CPGEs are focused on a strong pluri-disciplinary course, including all humanities: philosophy, literature, history, geography, foreign languages, and ancient languages (Latin and Ancient Greek).
Khâgne is an informal French term for what are officially known as classes préparatoires littéraires, i.e. the classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles (CPGE), or classe prépa, dedicated to literature and the humanities.

École normale supérieure (Paris)

École Normale SupérieureÉcole NormaleEcole Normale Superieure
Preparation for the concours takes place in preparatory classes which last two years (see grandes écoles).

ParisTech

Paris Institute of TechnologyParisTech Schools
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).

École Nationale des Chartes

École des ChartesEcole des ChartesEcole Nationale des Chartes
Students prepare for the entrance examination in dedicated classes préparatoires, the first year of which is known as "hypoChartes" and the second year "Chartes".

École normale supérieure de Rennes

ENS RennesRennes
Like the other grandes écoles in the French higher education system, these students are selected through highly selective entrance examinations called concours, after at least two years of preparatory tuition in schools known as classes préparatoire aux grandes écoles.

École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay

École Normale Supérieure de CachanENS CachanENS Paris-Saclay
The admission to the ENS Paris-Saclay as normalien is made through a highly competitive entrance examination, and requires at least two years of preparation after high school in Classes Préparatoires (Scientific (BCPST, MPSI, PCSI...), Literary (B/L) and Business sections (Economics and Management)).

ESSEC Business School

ESSECÉcole supérieure des sciences économiques et commercialesEcole Supérieure des Sciences Economiques et Commerciales
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).
The ESSEC MSc in management has been historically designed for candidates who have completed French preparatory classes after high school diploma and passed a competitive entrance examination known as the concours, or have a university degree (Bachelor or Master).

École normale supérieure

Ecole Normale Supérieureécoles normales supérieuresENS
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...). They include science and engineering schools, business schools, the four veterinary colleges and the four écoles normales supérieures but do not include medical or law schools, nor architecture schools.
They recruit mainly from scientific and humanities Prépas (Taupe / BCPST and Khâgne), even though a small number of their students (fewer than 10 each year) are recruited separately on the basis of highly competitive exams.

École normale supérieure de Lyon

ENS LyonLyon École Normale SupérieureEcole Normale Superieure de Lyon
ENSL retains its close links to the classes préparatoires which prepare high-level students - previously selected on the basis of their academic record - for the competitive entrance examination that is taken after two years of pluridisciplinary undergraduate-level study.

École Polytechnique

Ecole PolytechniquePolytechniqueL'Ecole Polytechnique
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).
The undergraduate admission to Polytechnique in the polytechnicien cycle is made through two ways: the first pathway which is a very selective examination which requires at least two years of very intensive preparation after high school in classes préparatoires, and the other pathway by following undergraduate study at another university.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE) (English: Higher School Preparatory Classes), commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are part of the French post-secondary education system.

Tertiary education

post-secondarypost-secondary educationtertiary
The classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles (CPGE) (English: Higher School Preparatory Classes), commonly called classes prépas or prépas, are part of the French post-secondary education system.

Status symbol

status symbolsflaunting social statusoutward signs of having "made it
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).

Mines ParisTech

École des Mines de ParisÉcole des MinesÉcole nationale supérieure des mines de Paris
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).

Centrale Graduate School

École CentraleEcole CentraleCentral Group of Schools
Their competitive entrance exams make having attended one of the grandes écoles being often regarded as a status symbol as they have traditionally produced most of France's scientists, executives and intellectuals (École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Écoles Normales Supérieures, École Polytechnique, Écoles des Mines, Écoles Centrales, Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, ParisTech Schools, HEC Paris, ESSEC Business School...).

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
The CPGE are located within high schools for historical reasons (Napoleon created them at first as fourth to sixth year of high school) but pertain to tertiary education, which means that each student must have successfully passed their baccalauréat (or equivalent) to be admitted to CPGE.

Baccalauréat

baccalaureatebaccalaureatFrench Baccalaureate
The CPGE are located within high schools for historical reasons (Napoleon created them at first as fourth to sixth year of high school) but pertain to tertiary education, which means that each student must have successfully passed their baccalauréat (or equivalent) to be admitted to CPGE.

GCE Advanced Level

A-levelA LevelsA Level
Students are selected according to their grades in High school and the first part of "Baccalauréat" (equivalent to A-levels in the United Kingdom or Advanced Placement in the United States).