Claude Alexandre de Bonneval

Claude-Alexandre de BonnevalAhmed PashaGeneral BonnevalHumbaracı Ahmet PaşaM. le Comte de Bonneval
Claude Alexandre, Comte de Bonneval (14 July 1675 – 23 March 1747), was a French army officer who later went into the service of the Ottoman Empire, eventually converting to Islam and becoming known as Humbaracı Ahmet Paşa.wikipedia
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Prince Eugene of Savoy

Eugene of SavoyPrince EugenePrince Eugène of Savoy
Through the influence of Prince Eugene of Savoy he obtained a general's command in the Austrian army, and fought with great bravery and distinction against France, and afterwards against the Ottoman Empire.
One of Eugene's former favourites, General Bonneval, also joined the nobles in opposition to de Prié, further undermining the Prince.

Pasha

Pasha (title)pashasBasha
He was made a pasha, and appointed to organize and command the Turkish artillery, eventually contributing to the Austrian defeat at Niš and the subsequent end of the Austrian-Ottoman war marked by the Treaty of Belgrade, where Austria lost northern Serbia with Belgrade, Lesser Wallachia, and territories in northern Bosnia.

Charles-Armand de Gontaut, duc de Biron

Charles Armand de GontautCharles-Armand de GontautCharles de Gontaut, Duke of Biron
The proceedings against him in France were then allowed to drop, and he visited Paris, and married a daughter of Marshal de Biron.

Hercule-Louis Turinetti, marquis of Prié

Marquis de PriéMarquis of PriéHercule-Louis Turinetti
There his ungovernable temper led him into a quarrel with the Marquis de Prié, Eugene's deputy governor in the Netherlands, who answered his challenge by placing him in confinement.
Prié also clashed with Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, the Austrian Master of the ordnance to the Low Countries and had him arrested and imprisoned pending his court martial at which he was convicted and condemned to death.

Humbaracı

Artillery CorpsHumbaracı Barracks
On 1729, Claude Alexandre de Bonneval established a humbara school and reorganized all humbaracı soldiers in a corps-level military formation, founding the Humbaracı Corps.

Franco-Ottoman alliance

Franco-Ottomanalliance with the Ottoman Empirean alliance
The French officer and adventurer Claude-Alexandre de Bonneval (1675–1747) went in the service of Sultan Mahmud I, converted to Islam, and endeavoured to modernize the Ottoman army, creating cannon foundries, powder and musket factories and a military engineering school.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
Claude Alexandre, Comte de Bonneval (14 July 1675 – 23 March 1747), was a French army officer who later went into the service of the Ottoman Empire, eventually converting to Islam and becoming known as Humbaracı Ahmet Paşa.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
Through the influence of Prince Eugene of Savoy he obtained a general's command in the Austrian army, and fought with great bravery and distinction against France, and afterwards against the Ottoman Empire. Claude Alexandre, Comte de Bonneval (14 July 1675 – 23 March 1747), was a French army officer who later went into the service of the Ottoman Empire, eventually converting to Islam and becoming known as Humbaracı Ahmet Paşa.

Islam

IslamicMuslimMuslims
Claude Alexandre, Comte de Bonneval (14 July 1675 – 23 March 1747), was a French army officer who later went into the service of the Ottoman Empire, eventually converting to Islam and becoming known as Humbaracı Ahmet Paşa.

History of Limousin

Limousinprovince of LimousinViscounty of Limousin
He was the descendant of an old family of Limousin; at the age of thirteen he joined the Royal Marine Corps.

Marines

Marine CorpsMarinenaval infantry
He was the descendant of an old family of Limousin; at the age of thirteen he joined the Royal Marine Corps.

Regiment

Infantry Regimentregimentalregiments
After three years he entered the army, in which he rose to the command of a regiment.

Nicolas Catinat

CatinatMarshal Catinatmaréchal de Catinat
He served in the Italian campaigns under Catinat, Villeroi and Vendôme, and in the Netherlands under Luxembourg, giving proofs of indomitable courage and great military ability.

François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy

VilleroiFrançois de Neufville, duc de VilleroiMarshal Villeroi
He served in the Italian campaigns under Catinat, Villeroi and Vendôme, and in the Netherlands under Luxembourg, giving proofs of indomitable courage and great military ability.

Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme

Duke of VendômeLouis Joseph de BourbonVendôme
He served in the Italian campaigns under Catinat, Villeroi and Vendôme, and in the Netherlands under Luxembourg, giving proofs of indomitable courage and great military ability.

Austrian Netherlands

AustrianNetherlandsAustrian rule
He served in the Italian campaigns under Catinat, Villeroi and Vendôme, and in the Netherlands under Luxembourg, giving proofs of indomitable courage and great military ability.

François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg

duc de LuxembourgMarshal LuxembourgLuxembourg
He served in the Italian campaigns under Catinat, Villeroi and Vendôme, and in the Netherlands under Luxembourg, giving proofs of indomitable courage and great military ability.

Court-martial

court martialcourts-martialmilitary court
His insolent bearing towards the minister of war was made matter for a court martial (1704).

Habsburg Monarchy

Habsburg EmpireHabsburgAustria
Through the influence of Prince Eugene of Savoy he obtained a general's command in the Austrian army, and fought with great bravery and distinction against France, and afterwards against the Ottoman Empire.

Battle of Malplaquet

MalplaquetMalpaquetMalplaquet 1709
He was present at the Battle of Malplaquet, and was severely wounded at Peterwardein.

Petrovaradin

PéterváradPeterwardeinPetervarad
He was present at the Battle of Malplaquet, and was severely wounded at Peterwardein.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
The proceedings against him in France were then allowed to drop, and he visited Paris, and married a daughter of Marshal de Biron.

Belgrade

Belgrade, SerbiaBeogradBelgrad
He was made a pasha, and appointed to organize and command the Turkish artillery, eventually contributing to the Austrian defeat at Niš and the subsequent end of the Austrian-Ottoman war marked by the Treaty of Belgrade, where Austria lost northern Serbia with Belgrade, Lesser Wallachia, and territories in northern Bosnia. He returned, however, after a short time to the Austrian army, and fought with distinction at Belgrade.

Low Countries

The Low CountriesLow CountryNetherlands
He might now have risen to the highest rank, had he not made himself disagreeable to Prince Eugene, who sent him as master of the ordnance to the Low Countries.

Niš

NaissusNiš, SerbiaNish
He was made a pasha, and appointed to organize and command the Turkish artillery, eventually contributing to the Austrian defeat at Niš and the subsequent end of the Austrian-Ottoman war marked by the Treaty of Belgrade, where Austria lost northern Serbia with Belgrade, Lesser Wallachia, and territories in northern Bosnia.