Claude Caroillon Destillières

Carvillon des TillièresClaude-Xavier Carvillon des Tillières
Claude-Xavier Caroillon-Destillières (14 July 1748 – May 1814) (or Carvillon-Destillières, Carvillon des Tillières, occasionally Carvillon d'Estillière) was a French industrialist and speculator during the French Revolution and the subsequent First Empire, who took opportunity of the chaotic political situation to become immensely wealthy.wikipedia
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Gabriel-Julien Ouvrard

Ouvrard
Destillières bought the Château du Raincy, and on 20 October 1806 resold it to Gabriel-Julien Ouvrard for 800,000 francs, payable in letters of exchange.
It was also associated with three major suppliers: Vanlerberghe (wheat), the Michel brothers (military supplies) and Carvillon des Tillières et Roy (steel and wood).

Aimée Caroillon des Tillières

Marie-Louise-Angélique-Aimée Carvillon Destillères
His daughter Marie-Louise-Angélique-Aimée Carvillon Destillères (28 September 1797 – 2 August 1853) inherited his immense fortune.
Marie Louise Angélique Aimée Caroillon des Tillières was born in 1797, only daughter of the wealthy entrepreneur Claude Caroillon Destillières and his wife, Françoise Aimée Magallon d'Amirail.

Château de Pontchartrain

Pontchartrainchateau de Pontchartraincomte de Pontchartrain
She decided to sell the Château de Pontchartrain with 1700 ha of land, and on 19 April 1801 Destillières acquired the property for 1,600,000 francs.
In 1801 the dis-ennobled Duchess of Brissac by the state terms of receivership of aristocratic estates sold at the a permitted, reduced value Pontchartrain to the industrialist and speculator Claude Caroillon Destillières, a leader of the "Black Band" syndicate of businessmen enriched by the Directory who specialized in the purchase and liquidation of the great aristocratic estates.

Berry, France

BerryProvince of BerryBerri
The Caroillon brothers formed a company that invested in metal works in Berry and Perche,

Perche

Perche province, FrancePerche-based
The Caroillon brothers formed a company that invested in metal works in Berry and Perche,

Louis XVIII of France

Louis XVIIIKing Louis XVIIIComte de Provence
a region where the rights to operate such works belonged to Monsieur, the king's brother.

Denis Diderot

DiderotDiderot, DenisDiderot of China
The Carvillons were closely linked with Denis Diderot.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
Claude Caroillon and his brothers were ennobled on the eve of the French Revolution, so-called "business aristocrats".

Elizabeth Pierrepont, Duchess of Kingston-upon-Hull

Elizabeth ChudleighDuchess of Kingstonwife
The Château was owned by Sir Philip Glower, a colonel of the English army and the heir of Elizabeth Pierrepont, Duchess of Kingston-upon-Hull.

Santo Domingo

Ciudad TrujilloSanto Domingo, Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo de Guzmán
In February 1791 he married Françoise-Aimée Magallon d'Amirail, daughter of a Santo Domingo planter, in the chapel of Saint-Assise.

Reign of Terror

the TerrorTerrorFrench Terror
In 1793 he was imprisoned, but with the end of the Reign of Terror after 9 Thermidor (27 July 1794) he avoided the guillotine, and some time later was released.

Fall of Maximilien Robespierre

9 Thermidorfall of Robespierre27 July 1794 (9 Thermidor of Year II)
In 1793 he was imprisoned, but with the end of the Reign of Terror after 9 Thermidor (27 July 1794) he avoided the guillotine, and some time later was released.

Tournan-en-Brie

Tournan
He continued to sell off parts of the Saint-Assise estate, finally exchanging the château for another near Tournan-en-Brie in November 1795.

Vierzon

Between 1794 and 1814 Caroillon and Jean Aubertot took control of a dozen establishments around Vierzon and in the Nièvre.

Nièvre

Nièvre-3rd5858 - Nièvre
Between 1794 and 1814 Caroillon and Jean Aubertot took control of a dozen establishments around Vierzon and in the Nièvre.

Mareuil-sur-Cher

Thus, in partnership with Jean Aubertot, Claude Caroillon owned an iron foundry at Mareuil-sur-Cher, 12 kilometers from Saint-Florent,

Saint-Florent, Loiret

Saint-Florent
Thus, in partnership with Jean Aubertot, Claude Caroillon owned an iron foundry at Mareuil-sur-Cher, 12 kilometers from Saint-Florent,

Loire

Loire RiverRiver LoireLoire estuary
from where the iron was shipped towards the lower Loire via the Cher River.

Cher (river)

CherCher RiverRiver Cher
from where the iron was shipped towards the lower Loire via the Cher River.

Châteauneuf-sur-Cher

Chateauneuf-sur-Cher
Under the empire, Caroillon acquired the Chateau and estate of Châteauneuf-sur-Cher, with an estimated value of close to 1.5 million francs.

Château du Raincy

Domaine de Raincy
Destillières bought the Château du Raincy, and on 20 October 1806 resold it to Gabriel-Julien Ouvrard for 800,000 francs, payable in letters of exchange.

Pauline Bonaparte

PaulinePauline BorghesePaolina
He resold Raincy to the Princess Borghèse (Pauline Bonaparte).

Louis-Martin Berthault

In 1801, the Duchess of Brissac sold the Château de Pontchartrain to the industrialist and speculator Claude-Xavier Carvillon des Tillières, a leader of the "Black Band" syndicate of businessmen enriched by the Directory who specialized in the purchase and liquidation of the great aristocratic estates.

Antoine Roy

Roy associated with Claude Caroillon Destillières in exploiting the forests and in running major ironworks.