Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle

Rouget de LisleRouget de l'IsleClaude-Joseph Rouget de LisleClaude Rouget de LisleRouget de Lisle, Claude
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, sometimes spelled de l'Isle or de Lile (10 May 1760 – 26 June 1836), was a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars.wikipedia
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La Marseillaise

MarseillaiseFrench national anthemLa Marsellaise
He is known for writing the words and music of the Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin in 1792, which would later be known as La Marseillaise and become the French national anthem. The song that has immortalized him, "La Marseillaise", was composed at Strasbourg, where Rouget de Lisle was garrisoned in April 1792.
The song was written in 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg after the declaration of war by France against Austria, and was originally titled "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin" ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine").

National anthem

anthemnational songstate anthem
He is known for writing the words and music of the Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin in 1792, which would later be known as La Marseillaise and become the French national anthem.
Most of the best-known national anthems were written by little-known or unknown composers such as Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, composer of "La Marseillaise" and John Stafford Smith who wrote the tune for "The Anacreontic Song", which became the tune for the U.S. national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner."

Philippe Friedrich Dietrich

Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich
France had just declared war on Austria, and the mayor of Strasbourg, baron Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich, held a dinner for the officers of the garrison, at which he lamented that France had no national anthem.
He was most well known as the first mayor of Strasbourg who encouraged Rouget de l'Isle to write various patriotic songs, including the song which became known as La Marseillaise, first performed in his living room; he is also known as a scientist, author of a mine survey and the development blast furnaces in France, distinguished geologist and chemist, and member of the Academy of Sciences.

Lons-le-Saunier

Lons-le-SaulnierLons le Saunier
Rouget de Lisle was born at Lons-le-Saunier, reputedly on a market day.

Army of the Rhine (1791–1795)

Army of the Rhinearmée du RhinRhine
The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792.
On 25 April 1792, Philippe Friedrich Dietrich, mayor of Strasbourg, asked a guest, Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, to compose a song to rally against the Habsburg threat.

Provence

ProvençalProvence, FranceHaute-Provence
The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792.
Though the song was originally written by a citizen of Strasbourg, Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in 1792, and it was originally a war song for the revolutionary Army of the Rhine, it became famous when it sung on the streets of Paris by the volunteers from Marseille, who had heard it when it was sung in Marseille by a young volunteer from Montpellier named François Mireur.

Les Invalides

Hôtel des InvalidesInvalidesHotel des Invalides
His ashes were transferred from Choisy-le-Roi cemetery to the Invalides on 14 July 1915, during World War I.

Isidore Pils

Isidore-Alexandre-Augustin Pils
In 1849 he completed his most famous work, Rouget de L'Isle Singing La Marseillaise, which now resides at the Musée historique de Strasbourg.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, sometimes spelled de l'Isle or de Lile (10 May 1760 – 26 June 1836), was a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars.

French Revolutionary Wars

French RevolutionaryFrench Revolutionary WarFrench Revolutionary troops
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, sometimes spelled de l'Isle or de Lile (10 May 1760 – 26 June 1836), was a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars.

Orgelet

He was the eldest son of Claude Ignace Rouget (5 April 1735 – 6 August 1792) at Orgelet and Jeanne Madeleine Gaillande (2 July 1734 – 20 March 1811).

Engineer

engineersconsulting engineerIr.
He enlisted into the army as an engineer and attained the rank of captain.

Thermidorian Reaction

Thermidorean Reaction9th ThermidorThermidor
He was freed during the Thermidorian Reaction and retired to Montague.

Song

songstrackstrack
The song that has immortalized him, "La Marseillaise", was composed at Strasbourg, where Rouget de Lisle was garrisoned in April 1792.

Strasbourg

StrassburgStraßburgStrasbourg, France
The song that has immortalized him, "La Marseillaise", was composed at Strasbourg, where Rouget de Lisle was garrisoned in April 1792.

Baron

Baronessbaronsbarony
France had just declared war on Austria, and the mayor of Strasbourg, baron Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich, held a dinner for the officers of the garrison, at which he lamented that France had no national anthem.

Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux

BarbarouxCharles Barbaroux
The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792.

Tuileries Palace

TuileriesPalais des TuileriesPalace of the Tuileries
The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792.

Insurrection of 10 August 1792

10 August 179210 Auguststorming of the Tuileries Palace
The piece was at first called Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine") and only received its name of Marseillaise from its adoption by the Provençal volunteers whom Barbaroux introduced into Paris and who were prominent in the storming of the Tuileries Palace on 10 August 1792.

Prose

Fictional proseprosaistprosaic
His Essais en vers et en prose (Essays in Verse and Prose, 1797) contains the Marseillaise; a prose tale Adelaide et Monville of the sentimental kind; and some occasional poems.

Poetry

poempoetpoems
His Essais en vers et en prose (Essays in Verse and Prose, 1797) contains the Marseillaise; a prose tale Adelaide et Monville of the sentimental kind; and some occasional poems.

July Revolution

Revolution of 18301830 revolutionRevolution of July 1830
He returned to public life after the July Revolution; Louis Philippe awarded him the Legion of Honour.

Louis Philippe I

Louis-PhilippeLouis PhilippeLouis-Philippe of France
He returned to public life after the July Revolution; Louis Philippe awarded him the Legion of Honour.