An engraving of St Irenaeus, Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (now Lyon, France)
Saint-Nicholas basilica, Saint-Nicolas-de-Port, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lorraine, France. 16th century stained glass window representing Saint Claudius.
Emperor Constantine I established the rights of the Church in the year 315.
Saint Benedict, father of Western monasticism and author of Rule of St Benedict. Detail from fresco by Fra Angelico, c. 1437–46.
Saint Thomas Aquinas carrying the whole Church with his theology
Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont (1095), where he preached the First Crusade; later manuscript illumination by Jean Colombe from a copy of the Passages d'outremer of c. 1490
Whitby Abbey, England, one of hundreds of European monasteries destroyed during the Reformation in Anglican, French, and Reformed areas. While some Lutheran monasteries voluntarily dissolved, others continue to the present day.
When the Calvinist Guernsey Martyrs were executed for heresy during the Marian persecutions, one of the women gave birth. Although the baby was rescued, priests nearby said the boy should burn due to having inherited moral stain from his mother. The boy was ordered to be burned by Bailiff Hellier Gosselin, who later on fled the island to escape public outrage after Elizabeth I took the throne.
Melk Abbey—adjoining Wachau Valley, Lower Austria—exemplifies the Baroque style.
After centuries of French opposition, Pope Innocent XI was beatified by Pius XII in 1956
Church from the Indian settlement of San Ignacio Miní
The Church was slow to react to the growing industrialization and impoverishment of workers, trying first to remediate the situation with increased charity. In 1891 Pope Leo XIII issued Rerum novarum in which the Church defined the dignity and rights of industrial workers.
Catholic Sisters and the leper children of Hawaii in 1886. Catholic women like St Marianne Cope played a central role in developing and running of many the modern world's education and health care systems.
Madonna and Child, by Filippo Lippi
Boundary map of Vatican City
Signing of the Reichskonkordat on 20 July 1933. From left to right: German prelate Ludwig Kaas, German Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen, representing Germany, Monsignor Giuseppe Pizzardo, Cardinal Pacelli, Monsignor Alfredo Ottaviani, German ambassador Rudolf Buttmann.

Formation, events, and transformation of the Catholic Church through time.

- History of the Catholic Church

Georges Goyau in the Catholic Encyclopedia wrote that “The Life of St. Claudius, Abbot of Condat, has been the subject of much controversy.” Anglican Henry Wace has written that "on this saint the inventors of legends have compiled a vast farrago of improbabilities."

- Claudius of Besançon

As associate editor, he penned some 110 articles for the Revue des deux mondes, a monthly literary and cultural affairs magazine, publishing a lot of articles on Catholic history, for example: L’Église libre dans l’Europe libre (The free Church in the free Europe), Les Origines religieuses du Canada (The religious origins of Canada), L’Effort catholique dans la France d’aujourd’hui (The Catholic efforts in today's France), and Le Catholicisme, doctrine d’action (Catholicism, doctrine of action).

- Georges Goyau

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