Clay animation

claymationclay-animatedclay animatedclayclay-mationclaymatedstop-motion animatedart styleclay animeclay figures
Clay animation or claymation, sometimes plasticine animation, is one of many forms of stop motion animation.wikipedia
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Animation

animatedanimated film3D animation
Traditional animation, from cel animation to stop motion, is produced by recording each frame, or still picture, on film or digital media and then playing the recorded frames back in rapid succession before the viewer.
Other common animation methods apply a stop motion technique to two and three-dimensional objects like paper cutouts, puppets or clay figures.

Art Clokey

Clokey Films
Clay can also take the form of "character" clay animation, where the clay maintains a recognizable character throughout a shot, as in Art Clokey's and Will Vinton's films. Some of the best-known clay-animated works include the Gumby series of television show segments (created by Art Clokey), The California Raisins advertising campaign by Will Vinton Productions studio and The WB's The PJs, produced by and featuring the voice of Eddie Murphy.
Arthur "Art" Clokey (born Arthur Charles Farrington; October 12, 1921 – January 8, 2010) was an American pioneer in the popularization of stop motion clay animation, best known as the creator of the character Gumby and the original voice of Gumby's sidekick, Pokey.

Strata-cut animation

Strata-cut
One variation of clay animation is strata-cut animation, in which a long bread-like loaf of clay, internally packed tight and loaded with varying imagery, is sliced into thin sheets, with the camera taking a frame of the end of the loaf for each cut, eventually revealing the movement of the internal images within.
Strata-cut animation, also spelled stratcut or straticut, is a form of clay animation, itself one of many forms of stop motion animation.

Will Vinton

Vinton StudiosThe CreationWill Vinton Classics
Feature-length productions have generally switched from clay to rubber silicone and resin cast components: Will Vinton has dubbed one foam-rubber process "Foamation".
Meeting clay animator Bob Gardiner in the Berkeley, California area in the early 1970s, Vinton brought him to Portland and they commandeered Vinton's home basement to make a quick 1½-minute test film of clay animation (and the supporting armatures) called Wobbly Wino, completed in early 1973.

Plasticine

clayplasticeneplastocene
Clay animation or claymation, sometimes plasticine animation, is one of many forms of stop motion animation. Each animated piece, either character or background, is "deformable"—made of a malleable substance, usually plasticine clay.
Plasticine and similar materials are often used in clay animation.

Clay painting

Another clay-animation technique, one that blurs the distinction between stop motion and traditional flat animation, is called clay painting (also a variation of the direct manipulation animation process), wherein clay is placed on a flat surface and moved like wet oil paints (as on a traditional artist's canvas) to produce any style of images, but with a clay look to them.
It blurs the distinction between clay animation, cel animation and cutout animation.

Helena Smith Dayton

Clay-animated films were produced in the United States as early as 1908, when Edison Manufacturing released a trick film entitled The Sculptor's Welsh Rarebit Dream (possibly referencing the comic strip Dreams of a Rarebit Fiend). In 1916, clay animation became something of a fad, as an East Coast artist named Helena Smith Dayton and a West Coast animator named Willie Hopkins produced clay-animated films on a wide range of subjects.
Helena Smith Dayton (1883–1960) was an American film maker, painter and sculptor working in New York City who used fledgling stop motion and clay animation techniques in the 1910s and 1920s, one of the earliest animators (and the first American woman) to experiment with clay animation.

Bob Gardiner (animator)

Bob Gardiner Mountain Music
For example, consider Vinton's early short clay-animated film Closed Mondays (co produced by animator Bob Gardiner) at the end of the computer sequence.
James Robbins "Bob" Gardiner (March 19, 1951 – April 21, 2005) was a multi-talented artist, painter, cartoonist, animator, holographer, musician, storyteller and comedy writer, who invented the stop-motion 3-D clay animation technique that Will Vinton would later market as Claymation although Bob preferred the term Sculptimation for his frame-by-frame method of sculpting plasticine clay characters and sets.

Gumby

The Gumby ShowPokeyPrickle
Some of the best-known clay-animated works include the Gumby series of television show segments (created by Art Clokey), The California Raisins advertising campaign by Will Vinton Productions studio and The WB's The PJs, produced by and featuring the voice of Eddie Murphy.
Gumby is an American clay animation franchise, centered on a green clay humanoid character created and modeled by Art Clokey.

André Roche

In 1972, at Marc Chinoy's Cineplast Films Studio in Munich, Germany, André Roche created a set of clay-animated German-language-instruction films (for non-German-speaking children) called Kli-Kla-Klawitter for the Second German TV-Channel; and another one for a traffic education series, Herr Daniel paßt auf ("Mr. Daniel Pays Attention").
At this time, he was able to realize a childhood dream, learning to do film animation (animation, claymation and stop-motion) at studios located in Munich.

The California Raisins

California Raisinsa commercial "starCalifornia
Some of the best-known clay-animated works include the Gumby series of television show segments (created by Art Clokey), The California Raisins advertising campaign by Will Vinton Productions studio and The WB's The PJs, produced by and featuring the voice of Eddie Murphy.
The California Raisins concept experienced high popularity in the mid-to-late 1980s principally through claymation TV commercials and animated specials, winning an Emmy Award and one nomination.

Creature Comforts

Creature Comforts America
Clay animation has also been used in Academy Award-winning short films such as Closed Mondays (Will Vinton and Bob Gardiner, 1974), The Sand Castle (1977), Creature Comforts (Aardman Animations, 1989), and all four Wallace and Gromit short films, created by Nick Park of Aardman Animations.
Creature Comforts is a stop motion clay animation comedy mockumentary franchise originating in a 1989 British humorous animated short film of the same name.

Clay

claysblue clayammonia-rich clays
Each animated piece, either character or background, is "deformable"—made of a malleable substance, usually plasticine clay.
Clay animation

Wallace and Gromit

WallaceGromitWallace & Gromit
Clay animation has also been used in Academy Award-winning short films such as Closed Mondays (Will Vinton and Bob Gardiner, 1974), The Sand Castle (1977), Creature Comforts (Aardman Animations, 1989), and all four Wallace and Gromit short films, created by Nick Park of Aardman Animations.
Wallace and Gromit is a British clay animation comedy series created by Nick Park of Aardman Animations.

Aardman Animations

AardmanAardman StudiosAardman Animation
Clay animation has also been used in Academy Award-winning short films such as Closed Mondays (Will Vinton and Bob Gardiner, 1974), The Sand Castle (1977), Creature Comforts (Aardman Animations, 1989), and all four Wallace and Gromit short films, created by Nick Park of Aardman Animations.
Aardman is known for films made using stop-motion clay animation techniques, particularly those featuring Plasticine characters Wallace and Gromit.

Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase

Pioneering the clay-painting technique was one-time Vinton animator Joan Gratz, first in her Oscar-nominated film The Creation (1980), and then in her Oscar-winning Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase, filmed in 1992.
Consisting of 2-D claymation, it features famous paintings morphing into each other.

Film

motion picturemoviecinema
These and other moving images, from zoetrope to films to video games, create the illusion of motion by playing back at over ten to twelve frames per second.
Animation is a technique in which each frame of a film is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model unit (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result with a special animation camera.

The Neverhood

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Several computer games have also been produced using clay animation, including The Neverhood, Clay Fighter, Platypus, Clay Moon (iPhone app), and Primal Rage.
The game follows the adventure of a claymation character named Klaymen as he discovers his origins and his purpose in a world made entirely out of clay.

Chevron Cars

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Television commercials have also utilized the clay animation, such as the Chevron Cars ads, produced by Aardman Studios.
Their debut in television commercials on May 1, 1995 featured talking cars done in clay animation, with a variety of car colors each with different personalities.

Time-lapse photography

time-lapsetime lapsefast motion
Any kind of heat source can be applied on or near (or below) clay to cause it to melt while an animation camera on a time-lapse setting slowly films the process.
Such a setup will create the effect of an extremely tight shutter angle giving the resulting film a stop-animation or claymation quality.

Pingu

Pingu FilmstudioPingu's Wonderful Carnival!Pingu: Sekai de Ichiban Genki na Penguin
Besides commercials, clay animation has also been popularized in recent years by children's shows such as Pingu, Shaun the Sheep and Mio Mao as well as adult-oriented shows on Cartoon Network's Adult Swim lineup, including Robot Chicken (which uses clay animation and action figures as stop-motion puppets in conjunction) and Moral Orel.
Pingu is a Swiss-British stop-motion clay animated children's comedy television series created by Otmar Gutmann and produced from 1990 to 2000 for Swiss television, and from 2003 to 2006 for British television by The Pygos Group (formerly Trickfilmstudio and Pingu Filmstudio).

Platypus (video game)

Platypus
Several computer games have also been produced using clay animation, including The Neverhood, Clay Fighter, Platypus, Clay Moon (iPhone app), and Primal Rage.
All the artwork for the game was created using a process called Claymation.

ClayFighter

ClayFighter: Tournament EditionThe Blob (''Clayfighter'')
Several computer games have also been produced using clay animation, including The Neverhood, Clay Fighter, Platypus, Clay Moon (iPhone app), and Primal Rage.
It features claymation-style graphics that were created by photographing and digitizing actual clay models.

Mio Mao

Mio and Mao
Besides commercials, clay animation has also been popularized in recent years by children's shows such as Pingu, Shaun the Sheep and Mio Mao as well as adult-oriented shows on Cartoon Network's Adult Swim lineup, including Robot Chicken (which uses clay animation and action figures as stop-motion puppets in conjunction) and Moral Orel.
Mio Mao (pronounced me-o mow), also known as Mio and Mao, is an Italian stop motion children's TV show created by Francesco Misseri in the 1970s, produced using Claymation animation.

Laika (company)

LaikaLaika EntertainmentWill Vinton Studios
Some of the best-known clay-animated works include the Gumby series of television show segments (created by Art Clokey), The California Raisins advertising campaign by Will Vinton Productions studio and The WB's The PJs, produced by and featuring the voice of Eddie Murphy.