Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee governmentC. R. AttleeClement Richard AttleeClement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl AttleeLord AttleePrime Minister The Right Honourable '''Clement Attlee''' CH Attlee and Morrison
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.wikipedia
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Attlee ministry

Labour governmentpost-war Labour governmentAttlee government
After the end of the war, the coalition was dissolved and Attlee led Labour to a landslide victory at the 1945 general election, forming the first Labour majority government.
Clement Attlee was invited by King George VI to form the Attlee ministry in the United Kingdom in July 1945, succeeding Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Lord Privy Seal

Keeper of the Privy SealLord Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy Seal
Attlee took Labour into the wartime coalition government in 1940 and served under Winston Churchill, initially as Lord Privy Seal and then as Deputy Prime Minister from 1942.
Since the premiership of Clement Attlee, the position of Lord Privy Seal has frequently been combined with that of Leader of the House of Lords or Leader of the House of Commons.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
After the end of the war, the coalition was dissolved and Attlee led Labour to a landslide victory at the 1945 general election, forming the first Labour majority government.
The result was an unexpected landslide victory for Clement Attlee's Labour Party over the Conservatives.

Leader of the Labour Party (UK)

Leader of the Labour PartyLeaderLabour leader
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
Clement Attlee would become the first Labour leader to lead a majority government in 1945.

Deputy Leader of the Labour Party (UK)

Deputy Leader of the Labour PartyDeputy LeaderDeputy Leadership
After retaining his seat in Labour's landslide defeat of 1931, he became the party's Deputy Leader.
To date, the only Deputy Leaders who have gone on to be elected leader of the Labour Party are Clement Attlee and Michael Foot.

Churchill war ministry

War CabinetCoalition Governmentwar-time coalition government
Attlee took Labour into the wartime coalition government in 1940 and served under Winston Churchill, initially as Lord Privy Seal and then as Deputy Prime Minister from 1942.
At the outset, Churchill formed a five-man War Cabinet which included Chamberlain as Lord President of the Council, Clement Attlee as Lord Privy Seal and later as Deputy Prime Minister, Viscount Halifax as Foreign Secretary and Arthur Greenwood as a Minister without Portfolio.

National Assistance Act 1948

National Assistance ActNational AssistanceNational Assistance Act of 1948
To this end, it undertook the nationalisation of public utilities and major industries, and implemented wide-ranging social reforms, including the passing of the National Insurance Act 1946 and National Assistance Act, the foundation of the National Health Service (1948) and the enlargement of public subsidies for council house building.
The National Assistance Act 1948 is an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom by the Labour government of Clement Attlee.

1955 United Kingdom general election

1955 general election19551955 election
He continued as Labour leader but retired after losing the 1955 election and was elevated to the House of Lords; after a long retirement, he died in 1967.
Labour then in its twentieth year of leadership by Clement Attlee, steadily lost ground owing to infighting between the left (Bevanites) and the right (Gaitskellites), resulting in an unclear election message.

1935 Labour Party leadership election

25 October 19351935 bid for the Labour leadershipelected
Elected Leader of the Labour Party in 1935, and at first advocating pacificism and opposing re-armament, he became a critic of Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler and Mussolini in the lead-up to the Second World War.
The 1935 Labour Party leadership election took place on 26 November 1935 when Herbert Morrison and Arthur Greenwood challenged Clement Attlee, the incumbent party leader of only one month and one day.

1951 United Kingdom general election

19511951 general election1951 election
His party was narrowly defeated by the Conservatives in the 1951 general election, despite winning the most votes.
Clement Attlee had decided to call the election because of the King's concerns that, when leaving the country to go on his Commonwealth tour in 1952 with a government that had such a slim majority, there would be a possibility of a change of government in his absence.

Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Deputy Prime MinisterBritish Deputy Prime MinisterShadow Deputy Prime Minister
Attlee took Labour into the wartime coalition government in 1940 and served under Winston Churchill, initially as Lord Privy Seal and then as Deputy Prime Minister from 1942.
Clement Attlee led his party to victory in the 1945 general election and succeeded Winston Churchill's first premiership after their coalition broke up, but only after a two-month interval when Attlee was not a member of the government.

East End of London

East EndEast LondonLondon's East End
The volunteer work he carried out in London's East End exposed him to poverty and his political views shifted leftwards thereafter.
Notable residents of Toynbee Hall included R. H. Tawney, Clement Attlee, Guglielmo Marconi, and William Beveridge.

University College, Oxford

University CollegeUniversityUniversity College Oxford
He was educated at Northaw School, a boys' preparatory school near Pluckley in Kent; Haileybury College; and University College, Oxford, where in 1904 he graduated as a Bachelor of Arts with second-class honours in modern history.
Notable alumni include Chelsea Clinton, Clement Attlee, Harold Wilson, Bill Clinton, Neil Gorsuch, Stephen Hawking, C. S. Lewis, V. S. Naipaul and Percy Bysshe Shelley.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainNevilleArthur Neville Chamberlain
Elected Leader of the Labour Party in 1935, and at first advocating pacificism and opposing re-armament, he became a critic of Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler and Mussolini in the lead-up to the Second World War.
Future Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee complained that Chamberlain "always treated us like dirt," and in April 1927 Chamberlain wrote: "More and more do I feel an utter contempt for their lamentable stupidity."

Limehouse (UK Parliament constituency)

LimehouseStepney LimehouseLimehouse Division
In 1919, he became mayor of Stepney and in 1922 was elected Member of Parliament for Limehouse.
Its most prominent MP was Labour's Clement Attlee, party leader from 1935–55, and Prime Minister from 1945–51.

University of Oxford

Oxford UniversityOxfordUniversity
After attending private schools and the University of Oxford, he practised as a barrister.
Twenty-eight British prime ministers have attended Oxford, including William Gladstone, H. H. Asquith, Clement Attlee, Harold Macmillan, Edward Heath, Harold Wilson, Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair, David Cameron, Theresa May and Boris Johnson.

National Health Service

NHSNational Health Service (NHS)National Health Services
To this end, it undertook the nationalisation of public utilities and major industries, and implemented wide-ranging social reforms, including the passing of the National Insurance Act 1946 and National Assistance Act, the foundation of the National Health Service (1948) and the enlargement of public subsidies for council house building.
When Clement Attlee's Labour Party won the 1945 election he appointed Aneurin Bevan as Health Minister.

Violet Attlee

Violet Attlee, Countess AttleeCountess AttleeLady Attlee
Violet Helen Attlee, Countess Attlee (' Millar'''; 20 November 1895 – 7 June 1964) was the wife of British politician Clement Attlee.

Cold War (1947–1953)

Cold War[58beginning of the Cold War
He and Bevin encouraged the United States to take a vigorous role in the Cold War; unable to afford military intervention in Greece, he called on Washington to counter Communists there, establishing the Truman Doctrine.

Herbert Morrison

Herbert Stanley MorrisonHerbert Morrison, Baron Morrison of LambethLord Morrison of Lambeth
However, Herbert Morrison, the Labour mayor of nearby Hackney, and one of the main figures in the London Labour Party, strongly denounced Lansbury and the rebellion.
Returning to the Commons in 1935, he was defeated by Clement Attlee in the Labour leadership election that year, but later acted as Home Secretary in the wartime coalition.

Ernest Bevin

Bevin[Ernest] BevinBevin Avenue
In foreign policy, Attlee delegated to Ernest Bevin, but oversaw the partition of India (1947), the independence of Burma and Ceylon, and the dissolution of the British mandates of Palestine and Transjordan.
Lansbury resigned and was replaced as leader by his deputy Clement Attlee, who along with Lansbury and Stafford Cripps had been one of only three former Labour Ministers to be re-elected under that party label at the General Election in 1931.

History of the Labour Party (UK)

Old LabourHistory of the British Labour PartySt Ermin's group
In March 1931, he became Postmaster General, a post he held for five months until August, when the [[History of the British Labour Party#Great Depression and the split under MacDonald|Labour government fell]], after failing to agree on how to tackle the financial crisis of the Great Depression.
After the famous 1945 general election landslide under Clement Attlee (1945–1951) it set up the welfare state with the National Health Service, nationalised a fifth of the economy, joined NATO and opposed the Soviet Union in the Cold War.

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
Attlee took Labour into the wartime coalition government in 1940 and served under Winston Churchill, initially as Lord Privy Seal and then as Deputy Prime Minister from 1942.
On 25 November he, Attlee and Liberal Party leader Archibald Sinclair met with Baldwin, were told officially of the King's intention, and asked whether they would form an administration if Baldwin and the National Government resigned should the King not take the Ministry's advice.

Partition of India

independencepartitionIndian independence
In foreign policy, Attlee delegated to Ernest Bevin, but oversaw the partition of India (1947), the independence of Burma and Ceylon, and the dissolution of the British mandates of Palestine and Transjordan.
Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee had been deeply interested in Indian independence since the 1920s, and for years had supported independence.

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeaser
Elected Leader of the Labour Party in 1935, and at first advocating pacificism and opposing re-armament, he became a critic of Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler and Mussolini in the lead-up to the Second World War.
He was replaced by Clement Attlee, who at first opposed rearmament, advocating the abolition of national armaments and a world peace-keeping force under the direction of the League of Nations.