Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee governmentClement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl AttleeLord AttleePrime Minister The Right Honourable '''Clement Attlee''' CH Attlee and MorrisonAttlee AvenueC. R. Attlee
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman and Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951.wikipedia
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1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
He went on to lead the Labour Party to an unexpected landslide victory at the 1945 general election; forming the first Labour majority government, and a mandate to implement its postwar reforms.
The result was an unexpected landslide victory for Clement Attlee's Labour Party, over Winston Churchill's Conservatives.

Churchill war ministry

War CabinetCoalition Governmentwar-time Coalition Government
In 1940, Attlee took Labour into the wartime coalition government and served under Winston Churchill, becoming, in 1942, the first person to hold the office of Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
The war ministry was followed by the Churchill caretaker ministry which in turn lasted until 26 July 1945 when the results of the general election brought Labour into government, led by Clement Attlee.

1951 United Kingdom general election

19511951 general election1951 election
In the following year, Attlee called a snap general election, hoping to increase his parliamentary majority.
Clement Attlee had decided to call the election after the King's concerns that, over leaving the country to go on his Commonwealth tour in 1952 with a government that had such a slim majority, there was danger of a change of government in his absence.

Lord Privy Seal

Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy SealLord Keeper of the Privy Seal
Initially serving as Lord Privy Seal, he was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister in 1942.
Since the premiership of Clement Attlee, the position of Lord Privy Seal has frequently been combined with that of Leader of the House of Lords or Leader of the House of Commons.

Deputy Leader of the Labour Party (UK)

Deputy Leader of the Labour PartyDeputy LeaderDeputy Leadership
One of only a handful of Labour frontbenchers to retain his seat in the landslide defeat of 1931, he became the party's Deputy Leader.
To date, the only Deputy Leaders who have gone on to become the elected leader of the Labour Party are Clement Attlee and Michael Foot.

Leader of the Labour Party (UK)

Leader of the Labour PartyLeaderLabour leader
He was the Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
Clement Attlee would become the first Labour leader to lead a majority government in 1945.

1955 United Kingdom general election

1955 general election19551955 election
He retired after losing the 1955 general election and was elevated to the House of Lords.
It resulted in a substantially increased majority of 60 for the Conservative government under new leader and prime minister Sir Anthony Eden against the Labour Party, then in its twentieth year of leadership by Clement Attlee.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman and Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951.
Labour later served in the wartime coalition from 1940 to 1945, after which it formed a majority government under Clement Attlee until 1951.

Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Deputy Prime MinisterShadow Deputy Prime MinisterBritish Deputy Prime Minister
In 1940, Attlee took Labour into the wartime coalition government and served under Winston Churchill, becoming, in 1942, the first person to hold the office of Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Clement Attlee won the 1945 general election and succeeded Winston Churchill's first premiership after their coalition broke up but only after a two-month interval when Attlee was not a member of the government.

1935 Labour Party (UK) leadership election

1935 bid for the Labour leadership1935 Labour Party leadership election25 October 1935
After the resignation of George Lansbury in 1935, he was elected as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition in the subsequent leadership election.
The 1935 Labour Party leadership election took place on 26 November 1935 when Herbert Morrison and Arthur Greenwood challenged Clement Attlee, the incumbent party leader of only one month and one day.

Historical rankings of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom

2016 surveyBritish prime ministersgenerally rank him in the upper half
Attlee is consistently rated by scholars, critics and the public as one of the greatest British Prime Ministers.
3) Attlee (Lab)

Post-war consensus

post war consensuspost-warpostwar consensus
The government he led built the post-war consensus, based upon the assumption that full employment would be maintained by Keynesian policies and that a greatly enlarged system of social services would be created – aspirations that had been outlined in the 1942 Beveridge Report.
The coalition government during the war, headed by Churchill and Attlee, signed off on a series of white papers that promised Britain a much improved welfare state after the war.

University College, Oxford

University CollegeUniversity University College, Oxford University
He was educated at Northaw School, a boys' preparatory school near Pluckley in Kent; Haileybury College; and University College, Oxford, where in 1904 he graduated as a Bachelor of Arts with second-class honours in modern history.
Notable alumni include Clement Attlee, Harold Wilson, Bill Clinton, Neil Gorsuch, Stephen Hawking, C. S. Lewis, V. S. Naipaul and Percy Bysshe Shelley.

National Health Service

NHSNational Health Service (NHS)health
Within this context, his government undertook the nationalisation of public utilities and major industries, as well as the creation of the National Health Service.
When Clement Attlee's Labour Party won the 1945 election he appointed Aneurin Bevan as Health Minister.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainMr. ChamberlainNeville
At first advocating pacificism and opposing rearmament, he later reversed his position; by 1938, he became a strong critic of Neville Chamberlain's attempts to appease Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini.
Future Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee complained that Chamberlain "always treated us like dirt," and in April 1927 Chamberlain wrote: "More and more do I feel an utter contempt for their lamentable stupidity."

Limehouse (UK Parliament constituency)

LimehouseStepney LimehouseLimehouse Division
First elected to the House of Commons in 1922 as the MP for Limehouse, Attlee rose quickly to become a junior minister in the first Labour minority government led by Ramsay MacDonald in 1924, and then joined the Cabinet during MacDonald's second ministry of 1929–1931.
Its most prominent MP was Labour's Clement Attlee, party leader from 1935–55, and Prime Minister from 1945–51.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Prime MinisterBritish Prime MinisterUK Prime Minister
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman and Labour Party politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951.
Clement Attlee, the leader of the Labour Party, served as deputy Prime Minister.

Violet Attlee

Lady AttleeViolet Helen Millar, later Countess AttleeViolet Millar
Attlee met Violet Millar while on a long trip with friends to Italy in 1921.
Violet Helen Attlee, Countess Attlee (20 November 1895 – 7 June 1964) was the wife of British statesman Clement Attlee.

Ernest Bevin

Bevin[Ernest] BevinBevin Avenue
Foreign policy was the special domain of Ernest Bevin, but Attlee took special interest in India.
Lansbury resigned and was replaced as leader by his deputy Clement Attlee, who along with Lansbury and Stafford Cripps had been one of only three former Labour Ministers to be re-elected under that party label at the General Election in 1931.

Winston Churchill

ChurchillSir Winston ChurchillChurchill, Winston
In 1940, Attlee took Labour into the wartime coalition government and served under Winston Churchill, becoming, in 1942, the first person to hold the office of Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
On 25 November he, Attlee and Liberal Party leader Archibald Sinclair met with Baldwin, were told officially of the King's intention, and asked whether they would form an administration if Baldwin and the National Government resigned should the King not take the Ministry's advice.

Herbert Morrison

Herbert Stanley MorrisonHerbert Morrison, Baron Morrison of LambethLord Morrison of Lambeth
Attlee, who was a personal friend of Lansbury strongly supported this, however Herbert Morrison, the Labour mayor of nearby Hackney, and one of the main figures in the London Labour Party, strongly denounced Lansbury and the rebellion.
Returning to the Commons in 1935, he was defeated by Clement Attlee in the Labour leadership election that year, but later acted as Home Secretary in the wartime coalition.

History of the Labour Party (UK)

old LabourLabour PartyOld
In March 1931, he became Postmaster General, a post he held for five months until August, when the [[History of the British Labour Party#Great Depression and the split under MacDonald|Labour government fell]], after failing to agree on how to tackle the financial crisis of the Great Depression.
After the famous 1945 landslide under Clement Attlee (1945–51) it set up the welfare state with the National Health Service, nationalised a fifth of the economy, joined NATO and opposed the Soviet Union in the Cold War.

Partition of India

independencepartitionIndian independence
He supervised the process by which India was partitioned into India and Pakistan in 1947.
Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee had been deeply interested in Indian independence since the 1920s, and for years had supported independence.

East End of London

East EndEast LondonLondon's East End
In 1906, he became a volunteer at Haileybury House, a charitable club for working-class boys in Stepney in the East End of London run by his old school, and from 1907 to 1909 he served as the club's manager.
Notable residents of Toynbee Hall included R. H. Tawney, Clement Attlee, Guglielmo Marconi, and William Beveridge.

George Lansbury

Lansbury The Right Honourable '''George LansburyRt Hon. George Lansbury
After the resignation of George Lansbury in 1935, he was elected as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition in the subsequent leadership election.
Several other Labour-controlled councils (including Stepney whose mayor was the future Labour leader Clement Attlee) threatened similar policies.