Climate change in Australia

Effects of global warming on Australiaclimate changedrying of Perth’s climateAustraliaAustralia's carbon footprintcarbon emissions trading schemeClimate Change in Australia – Overviewconditions in Australiadamaging environmental impactsdry era from 1922 to 1938
Climate change in Australia has been a critical issue since the beginning of the 21st century.wikipedia
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Water restrictions in Australia

water restrictionsAustraliaLevel 3 water restrictions
Water restrictions were in place in many regions and cities of Australia in response to chronic shortages resulting from the 2008 drought.
Depending upon the location, these can include restrictions on watering lawns, using sprinkler systems, washing vehicles, hosing pavement, refilling swimming pools, etc. Overpopulation, evidence of drying climates, coupled with corresponding reductions in the supply of drinking water has led various state governments to consider alternative water sources to supplement existing sources, and to implement "water inspectors" who can issue penalties to those who waste water.

Kimberley (Western Australia)

KimberleyKimberley regionKimberley region of Western Australia
With the spread of the pastoral industry to the north of the continent during this period, rain gauges were established extensively in newly settled areas, reaching Darwin by 1869, Alice Springs by 1874, and the Kimberley, Channel Country and Gulf Savannah by 1880.
Climate change since 1967 has led to large increases of as much as 250 mm per year in annual rainfall over the whole region.

1950 Australian rainfall records

1950extraordinary annual rainfallextraordinary rains
1950 saw extraordinary rains in central New South Wales and most of Queensland: Dubbo's 1950 rainfall of 1,329 mm (52 inches) can be estimated to have a return period of between 350 and 400 years, whilst Lake Eyre filled for the first time in thirty years.
The continuing rain, aided by falls near Lake Eyre that prevented the rivers drying up, allowed the lake to begin filling during that month to the astonishment of many people who had seen the lake during the dry era from 1922 to 1938 and concluded that the lake could never fill with water.

Malcolm Turnbull

TurnbullMalcolm Bligh TurnbullPrime Minister
However, under the government of Malcolm Turnbull, Australia attended the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference and adopted the Paris Agreement, which includes a review of emission reduction targets every 5 years from 2020.
On Turnbull's key policy differences with Abbott, particularly climate change, republicanism and same-sex marriage, he stated that there would be no immediate change before any election.

Little Ice Age

global coolingcooler periodmini Ice Age
Limited evidence describes conditions in Australia.

Climate of Australia

climateAustralian climateAustralia's climate
Such changes in climate will have diverse implications for Australia's environment, economy, and public health.
Climate change in Australia is a highly contentious political issue.

Garnaut Climate Change Review

Garnaut reportreport
The Garnaut Climate Change Review predicted that a net benefit to Australia may be derived by stabilising greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at 450 ppm CO 2 eq.

Energy policy of Australia

Energy policy in Australiarenewable energy targetemissions reduction targets
This could lead to the Labor Party withdrawing support from the Turnbull government's new energy policy.
Coal mining in Australia has become more controversial because of the strong link between the effects of global warming on Australia and burning coal, including exported coal, and climate change, global warming and sea level rise.

Effects of global warming

effects of climate changeimpacts of climate changeeffects
Australia is vulnerable to the effects of global warming projected for the next 50 to 100 years because of its extensive arid and semi-arid areas, an already warm climate, high annual rainfall variability, and existing pressures on water supply.

Drought in Australia

droughtdroughtsdroughts in Australia
Water restrictions were in place in many regions and cities of Australia in response to chronic shortages resulting from the 2008 drought. The period from 1922 to 1938 was exceptionally dry, with only 1930 having Australia-wide rainfall above the long-term mean and the Australia-wide average rainfall for these seventeen years being 15 to 20 per cent below that for other periods since 1885.

Murray–Darling basin

Murray-Darling basinMurray-DarlingMurray Darling Basin
In June 2008 it became known that an expert panel had warned of long term, maybe irreversible, severe ecological damage for the whole Murray-Darling basin if it did not receive sufficient water by October of that year.

Northern Australia

northernNorth AustraliaAustralia's North
Climate change has seen increases of up to fifty percent in annual rainfall since 1967 over the western half of Australia's tropics, but has not seen any increase over the east.

Climate Institute of Australia

Climate Institute
The Climate Institute was a Sydney-based policy think-tank established in 2005 to encourage progressive policies for managing climate change in Australia.

Australian Greenhouse Office

In 1998 the Australian Government, under Prime Minister John Howard, established the Australian Greenhouse Office, which was then the world's first government agency dedicated to cutting greenhouse gas emissions.

2007 Australian federal election

2007 federal election2007 election2007
Climate change featured strongly in the November 2007 Australian federal election in which John Howard was replaced by Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister.

Carbon pricing in Australia

carbon pricecarbon taxCarbon pricing scheme
To reduce Australia's carbon emissions, the government of Julia Gillard introduced a carbon tax on 1 July 2012.

Environment of Australia

Australian environmentAustralian conditionsEnvironment
Increased coal mining in Australia is contentious because of the effects of global warming on Australia, emissions to air from coal burning power stations, dust, subsidence, impact on rivers like the Hunter River and other water users, failure to adequately restore mined areas, and lack of sustainability.

Living in the Hothouse

Living in the Hothouse: How Global Warming Affects Australia
The book presents a detailed analysis of climate change science and the likely impact of climate change in Australia.

Lord Howe Island

Lord HoweLord Howe Island GroupLord Howe Island Board
The coral reefs of the World Heritage-listed Lord Howe Island could be killed as a result of the rise in water temperature forecast by the IPCC.
The Great Barrier Reef is specifically identified as being at risk to the effects of global warming on Australia, and the same analysis applies to the reefs of Lord Howe Island.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
In 2013, the CSIRO released a report stating that Australia is becoming hotter, and that it will experience more extreme heat and longer fire seasons because of climate change.

Bureau of Meteorology

Australian Bureau of MeteorologyBrisbane, AustraliaBOM
In 2014, the Bureau of Meteorology released a report on the state of Australia's climate that highlighted several key points, including the significant increase in Australia's temperatures (particularly night-time temperatures) and the increasing frequency of bush fires, droughts and floods, which have all been linked to climate change.