Climate model

climate modelsclimate modellingclimate modelingclimateclimate modellerclimate simulationmodellingClimate change modelcomputer modelsGlobal climate change models
Numerical Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.wikipedia
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Cryosphere

cryosphericicecryology
Numerical Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.
Through these feedback processes, the cryosphere plays a significant role in the global climate and in climate model response to global changes.

Climate

climaticclimatesaverage annual temperature
They are used for a variety of purposes from study of the dynamics of the climate system to projections of future climate.
Climate models are mathematical models of past, present and future climates.

Greenhouse gas

greenhouse gasescarbon emissionsgreenhouse gas emissions
The radiative-convective models have advantages over the simple model: they can determine the effects of varying greenhouse gas concentrations on effective emissivity and therefore the surface temperature.
Jacob (1999) defines the lifetime \tau of an atmospheric species X in a one-box model as the average time that a molecule of X remains in the box.

General circulation model

global climate modelglobal climate modelsclimate model
Depending on the nature of questions asked and the pertinent time scales, there are, on the one extreme, conceptual, more inductive models, and, on the other extreme, general circulation models operating at the highest spatial and temporal resolution currently feasible.
A general circulation model (GCM) is a type of climate model.

CICE (sea ice model)

CICECICE numerical suiteCICE sea ice model
It has been integrated into many coupled climate system models as well as global ocean and weather forecasting models and is often used as a tool in Arctic and Southern Ocean research.

Numerical weather prediction

forecast modelsweather modelscomputer models
In 1956, Norman Phillips developed a mathematical model which could realistically depict monthly and seasonal patterns in the troposphere; this became the first successful climate model.

GO-ESSP

The Global Organization of Earth System Science Portals or (GO-ESSP) is an international collaboration, formed in 2003, that is developing software infrastructure to support the distribution, and analysis of climate model data and related observations.

Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research

Hadley CentreHadCM2Met Office Hadley Centre
The volunteer computing project ClimatePrediction.net is a research team based at the University of Oxford conducting research into global climate change using adapted versions of the climate models developed at the Hadley Centre.

Climateprediction.net

BBC Climate Change ExperimentClimate PredictionClimateprediction
The possibility of such high sensitivities being plausible given observations had been reported prior to the Climateprediction.net experiment but "this is the first time GCMs have produced such behaviour".

Quantitative research

quantitativequantitative methodsquantitative data
Numerical Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.

Atmosphere of Earth

airEarth's atmosphereatmosphere
Numerical Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.

Ocean

marineoceansmaritime
Numerical Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.

Terrain

relieftopographic reliefland surface
Numerical Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the important drivers of climate, including atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.

Electromagnetic radiation

electromagnetic waveelectromagnetic waveselectromagnetic
Quantitative climate models take account of incoming energy from the sun as short wave electromagnetic radiation, chiefly visible and short-wave (near) infrared, as well as outgoing long wave (far) infrared electromagnetic.

Visible spectrum

visiblevisible lightspectrum
Quantitative climate models take account of incoming energy from the sun as short wave electromagnetic radiation, chiefly visible and short-wave (near) infrared, as well as outgoing long wave (far) infrared electromagnetic.

Infrared

IRnear-infraredinfra-red
Quantitative climate models take account of incoming energy from the sun as short wave electromagnetic radiation, chiefly visible and short-wave (near) infrared, as well as outgoing long wave (far) infrared electromagnetic.

First law of thermodynamics

firstenergy balancechange in temperature
Any imbalance results in a change in temperature.

Energy

energy transferenergiestotal energy
Quantitative climate models take account of incoming energy from the sun as short wave electromagnetic radiation, chiefly visible and short-wave (near) infrared, as well as outgoing long wave (far) infrared electromagnetic.

Thermodynamics

thermodynamicthermodynamicallyclassical thermodynamics
Box models are simplified versions of complex systems, reducing them to boxes (or reservoirs) linked by fluxes.

Chemical species

specieschemical componentaqueous species
Within a given box, the concentration of any chemical species is therefore uniform.