Clinical urine tests

urinalysisurine testurine sampleurine testsurine analysisurine testingurinephosphaturiareference ranges for urine testsurine samples
Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes.wikipedia
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Urine test strip

urine dipstickurine dipsticksDiagnostic test strips
A part of a urinalysis can be performed by using urine test strips, in which the test results can be read as color changes.
A urine test strip or dipstick is a basic diagnostic tool used to determine pathological changes in a patient's urine in standard urinalysis.


urinaryhuman urinepiss
Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes.
A urinalysis can detect nitrogenous wastes of the mammalian body.

Diabetes insipidus

diabetesCentral diabetes insipidusdiabetic
Diagnosis is often based on urine tests, blood tests and the fluid deprivation test.


protein in the urineproteinIsolated proteinuria
In healthy persons, urine contains very little protein; an excess is suggestive of illness.


crystals in the urine
Crystalluria refers to cloudy urine when the cause of cloudiness is due to crystals found in the urine when performing a urine test.

Acute tubular necrosis

tubular necrosisischemic kidney failurekidney injury
It is a useful parameter in acute kidney failure and oliguria, with a value below 1% indicating a prerenal disease and a value above 3% indicating acute tubular necrosis or other kidney damage.
The presence of "muddy brown casts" of epithelial cells found in the urine during urinalysis is pathognomonic for ATN.


kidneysrenalkidney disorder
Procedures used in the management of kidney disease include chemical and microscopic examination of the urine (urinalysis), measurement of kidney function by calculating the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the serum creatinine; and kidney biopsy and CT scan to evaluate for abnormal anatomy.

Urinary calcium

calcium in the urine
In a urinalysis, the normal amount of urinary calcium can be measured in amount per time (commonly per 24 hours).


muscle breakdownrapid muscle breakdownbreakdown of skeletal muscle
As detectable levels of myoglobinemia and myoglobinuria occur, blood tests and urine tests may show elevated levels of myoglobin.

Addison's disease

Addison’s diseaseAddisonAutoimmune adrenalitis
Addison's disease is generally diagnosed by blood tests, urine tests, and medical imaging.


urine cultureAsymptomatic bacteriuriabacteria in the urine
Diagnosis is by urinalysis or urine culture.

Urine specific gravity

Specific gravityUSG
Specific gravity, in the context of clinical pathology, is a urinalysis parameter commonly used in the evaluation of kidney function and can aid in the diagnosis of various renal diseases.

High-power field

high power fieldHPF
The area provides a reference unit, for example in reference ranges for urine tests.

Kidney stone disease

kidney stonekidney stonesnephrolithiasis
The diagnosis is usually based on symptoms, urine testing, and medical imaging.


macroalbuminuriaalbuminAlbumin Excretion Rate
Albumin is a major plasma protein (normally circulating in the blood); in healthy people, only trace amounts of it are present in urine, whereas larger amounts occur in the urine of patients with kidney disease.


kidney infectionpyelitisurosepsis
Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and supported by urinalysis.

Chronic kidney disease

chronic renal failureend-stage renal diseasechronic kidney failure
Diagnosis is by blood tests to measure the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and a urine test to measure albumin.

Urine collection device

condom cathetercondom cathetersExternal urine collection devices
A urine collection device or UCD is a device that allows the collection of urine for analysis (as in medical or forensic urinalysis) or for purposes of simple elimination (as in vehicles engaged in long voyages and not equipped with toilets, particularly aircraft and spacecraft).


catecholaminescatecholamine synthesiscatecholamine systems
Urine testing for catecholamine is used to detect pheochromocytoma.

Urinary tract infection

cystitisurinary tract infectionsbladder infection
In complicated or questionable cases, it may be useful to confirm the diagnosis via urinalysis, looking for the presence of urinary nitrites, white blood cells (leukocytes), or leukocyte esterase.