A report on Club drug

A selection of MDMA pills, which are often nicknamed "Ecstasy" or "E".
Club drug users take the drugs because the substances' effects enhance the experience of rave and electronic dance music clubs' pulsating lights, brightly colored projected images and massive sound systems with heavy basslines.
A blue form of crystal meth.
A variety of Quaalude pills and capsules.
A selection of small bottles of poppers, a volatile drug inhaled at dance clubs for the "rush" it can provide.
Ketamine from the street drug trade, in the form of crystals.
A tablet sold as MDMA. It contained no MDMA; instead, it contained benzylpiperazine (BZP), methamphetamine, and caffeine.
Baggies of cocaine adulterated with fruit-flavoured powder and colouring.
A music fan who has had a drug overdose at the Woodstock Music Festival is placed onto a wheeled cot by paramedics.

Club drugs, also called rave drugs or party drugs, are a loosely defined category of recreational drugs which are associated with discothèques in the 1970s and nightclubs, dance clubs, electronic dance music (EDM) parties, and raves in the 1980s to today.

- Club drug
A selection of MDMA pills, which are often nicknamed "Ecstasy" or "E".

10 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Adriaen Brouwer, TheSmokers (1636)

Recreational drug use

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Altered state of consciousness either for pleasure or for some other casual purpose or pastime by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.

Altered state of consciousness either for pleasure or for some other casual purpose or pastime by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.

Adriaen Brouwer, TheSmokers (1636)
Edgar Degas, L'Absinthe (1876)
Bhang eaters from India c. 1790. Bhang is an edible preparation of cannabis native to the Indian subcontinent. It has been used in food and drink as early as 1000 BCE by Hindus in ancient India.
A man smoking cannabis in Kolkata, India
A rational harm assessment of drugs<ref>{{Cite journal|last1=Blakemore|first1=Colin|last2=Saulsbury|first2=William|last3=King|first3=Leslie A.|last4=Nutt|first4=David|date=2007-03-24|title=Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse|url=https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(07)60464-4/abstract|journal=The Lancet|language=en|volume=369|issue=9566|pages=1047–1053|doi=10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60464-4|issn=0140-6736|pmid=17382831|s2cid=5903121}}</ref>
This 1914 photo shows intoxicated men at a sobering-up room
alt=A chart showing dependence potential versus safety ratio.|An analysis of the dangers of drugs<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=xpZhjBuDkuwC&pg=PA149|title=Drugs and Society: U.S. Public Policy|last=Fish|first=Jefferson M.|date=2006|publisher=Rowman & Littlefield|isbn=9780742542457|language=en}}</ref>
Total recorded alcohol per capita consumption (15+), in liters of pure alcohol
Caffeinated alcoholic beverages, such as Vodka Red Bull, are widespread and legal routes of administration for multiple drugs.
Insufflation of powdered drug
Injection of heroin
Cocaine is a commonly used stimulant
alt=A chart showing relative drug harm.|A chart showing relative drug harm.

What controlled substances are considered generally unlawful to possess varies by country, but usually includes methamphetamine, heroin, cocaine, LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, MDMA, Lean, and club drugs.

The ceiling of an Arlington, Texas, discothèque

Disco

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Genre of dance music and a subculture that emerged in the 1970s from the United States' urban nightlife scene.

Genre of dance music and a subculture that emerged in the 1970s from the United States' urban nightlife scene.

The ceiling of an Arlington, Texas, discothèque
The ceiling of an Arlington, Texas, discothèque
Disco bass pattern.
Rock & disco drum patterns: disco features greater subdivision of the beat, which is four-to-the-floor
Blue disco quad roller skates.
Major disco clubs had lighted dance floors, with the lights flashing to complement the beat.
The reflective light disco ball was a fixture on the ceilings of many discothèques.
Disco dancers typically wore loose slacks for men and flowing dresses for women, which enabled ease of movement on the dance floor.
Dancers at an East German discothèque in 1977
Gloria Gaynor in 1976
Diana Ross in 1976
ABBA in 1974.
Italian composer Giorgio Moroder is known as the "Father of Disco".
Donna Summer in 1977
Dalida in 1967.
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The a cappella jazz group the Manhattan Transfer had a disco hit with the 1979 "Twilight Zone/Twilight Tone" theme.
A man wearing a "disco sucks" T-shirt.
Classic DJ Station. A DJ mixer is placed between two Technics SL-1200 MK 2 turntables.
Disco dance performance at the 30th anniversary of Kontula in Helsinki, Finland, in 1994
Like disco, house music was based around DJs creating mixes for dancers in clubs. Pictured is DJ Miguel Migs, mixing using CDJ players.
Strobing lights flash at a rave dance event in Vienna, 2005
Students from Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Mexico City dancing to disco during a cultural event on campus
British singer Dua Lipa has been credited by music critics with leading the revival of disco following the widespread international success of her single "Don't Start Now" and her album Future Nostalgia.

There was also a thriving drug subculture in the disco scene, particularly for drugs that would enhance the experience of dancing to the loud music and the flashing lights, such as cocaine and quaaludes, the latter being so common in disco subculture that they were nicknamed "disco biscuits".

A huge bank of speakers and subwoofers from a rave sound reinforcement system

Rave

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Dance party at a warehouse, club, or other public or private venue, typically featuring performances by DJs playing electronic dance music.

Dance party at a warehouse, club, or other public or private venue, typically featuring performances by DJs playing electronic dance music.

A huge bank of speakers and subwoofers from a rave sound reinforcement system
Rave – Juiz de Fora – MG, featuring bright psychedelic theming common at many raves
The Roland TB-303 is a synthesizer featured in acid house music.
The TR-909 is a drum machine used in techno, house and many other genres.
Rave music is usually presented in a DJ set, using a mixer and turntables or CDJs.
Rave in Hungary in 2010, showing the fantastical thematic elements at such events
T-step of the Melbourne Shuffle
Raver with feather boa in Germany (1998)
Phat pants worn by ravers in Australia (2009)
Glowsticking in the United States (2008)
A collection of handmade bracelets known as "kandi"
Laser lighting show at a trance festival.
The light show for the electronic musician Aphex Twin in 2011.
This impure tablet sold as MDMA in the U.S. contained no MDMA, but instead BZP, caffeine and methamphetamine.
A selection of MDMA tablets, better known as "ecstasy".
A selection of poppers, a volatile drug inhaled for the "rush" it can provide.
Ravers in a German techno club (KW in Munich) in the 1990s
Love Parade 1995 in Berlin
A Rave in Seoul, South Korea in 2001
Audio technicians set up massive speaker enclosures for a Jamaican sound system party.

This is due to the association of rave culture with illegal drugs such as MDMA (often referred to as a "club drug" or "party drug" along with MDA ), amphetamine, LSD, GHB, ketamine, methamphetamine, cocaine, and cannabis.

Twee DJs perform at now defunct superclub Space(1986–2016) on the island of Ibiza, Spain

Nightclub

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Entertainment venue during nighttime comprising a dance floor, lightshow, and a stage for live music or a disc jockey (DJ) who plays recorded music.

Entertainment venue during nighttime comprising a dance floor, lightshow, and a stage for live music or a disc jockey (DJ) who plays recorded music.

Twee DJs perform at now defunct superclub Space(1986–2016) on the island of Ibiza, Spain
People dancing in a nightclub in Tampere, Finland
"The Cave" in the basement of the Gruenwald (later Roosevelt) Hotel, New Orleans opened in 1912; said by some to be one of the first nightclubs in the United States
The "Kakadu" (1919–1937), one of Berlin's best-known dance- and nightclubs since the early 1920s, offered a bar, a dance floor, live music played by jazz band, and cabaret.
A disc jockey (DJ) mixing vinyl records on turntables (Inland Empire, 2009)
Club DJ using digital CDJ players for mixing music (Munich, 2010s)
Clubgoers dancing at an upmarket nightclub (Miami, 2008)
Light-up club wear for performances, glowing under black lights. (Barcelona, 2003)
Number of patients with alcohol-related serious injury and trauma to the emergency department at different hours of the day, before and after a change in alcohol legislation that made partying stricter in the Sydney CBD Entertainment Precinct. These policies include: increased monitoring, increased strictness on entry of clubs, and sharing of information between venues to prevent intoxicated patrons to access different places. On average, there is significant decreases in any alcohol-related injury.

In the 1920s, the nightlife of the city was dominated by party drugs such as cocaine.

Cocaine

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Strong central nervous system (CNS) stimulant obtained from the leaves of two Coca species native to South America, Erythroxylum coca and Erythroxylum novogranatense.

Strong central nervous system (CNS) stimulant obtained from the leaves of two Coca species native to South America, Erythroxylum coca and Erythroxylum novogranatense.

Cocaine hydrochloride
Lines of cocaine prepared for snorting
A 2010 study ranking various illegal and legal drugs based on statements by drug-harm experts. Crack cocaine and cocaine was found to be the third and fifth overall most dangerous drugs respectively.
Side effects of chronic cocaine use
A pile of cocaine hydrochloride
A piece of compressed cocaine powder
A woman smoking crack cocaine
"Rocks" of crack cocaine
Biological source of cocaine molecule in the context of the tropane class of molecules. The biological source of each tropane alkaloid is indicated by species, and below that a phylogenetic map is provided.
Biosynthesis of N-methyl-pyrrolinium cation
Biosynthesis of cocaine
Robinson biosynthesis of tropane
Reduction of tropinone
Coca leaf in Bolivia
"Cocaine toothache drops", 1885 advertisement of cocaine for dental pain in children
Advertisement in the January 1896 issue of McClure's Magazine for Burnett's Cocaine "for the hair".
Pope Leo XIII purportedly carried a hip flask of the coca-treated Vin Mariani with him, and awarded a Vatican gold medal to Angelo Mariani.
In this 1904 advice column from the Tacoma Times, "Madame Falloppe" recommended that cold sores be treated with a solution of borax, cocaine, and morphine.
Women purchase cocaine capsules in Berlin, 1929
D.C. Mayor Marion Barry captured on a surveillance camera smoking crack cocaine during a sting operation by the FBI and D.C. Police.
Drug overdoses killed more than 70,200 Americans in 2017, with cocaine overdoses making up 13,942 of those deaths.
United States CBP police inspect a seized shipment of cocaine
The U.S. Coast Guard in Miami offloading confiscated cocaine
Cocaine smuggled in a charango, 2008
Cocaine adulterated with fruit flavoring
Opioid involvement in cocaine overdose deaths. The green line is cocaine and any opioid (top line in 2017). The gray line is cocaine without any opioids (bottom line in 2017). The yellow line is cocaine and other (middle line in 2017).<ref name=NIDA-deaths>{{cite web | url = https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/overdose-death-rates | title = Overdose Death Rates | archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20151128091723/https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/overdose-death-rates| archive-date=28 November 2015 | work =  By National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) }}</ref>
Delphic analysis regarding 20 popular recreational drugs based on expert opinion. Cocaine was ranked the 2nd in dependence and physical harm and 3rd in social harm.<ref name="Lancet">{{cite journal|vauthors = Nutt D, King LA, Saulsbury W, Blakemore C|title = Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse|journal = Lancet|volume = 369|issue = 9566|pages = 1047–53|date = March 2007|pmid = 17382831|doi = 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60464-4|s2cid = 5903121|author-link4 = Colin Blakemore|author-link1 = David Nutt }}</ref>
Bottle of cocaine solution, Germany, circa 1915

Analysis of the correlation between the use of 18 various psychoactive substances shows that cocaine use correlates with other "party drugs" (such as ecstasy or amphetamines), as well as with heroin and benzodiazepines use, and can be considered as a bridge between the use of different groups of drugs.

Methaqualone

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Sedative and hypnotic medication.

Sedative and hypnotic medication.

A variety of methaqualone pills and capsules.

Methaqualone became increasingly popular as a recreational drug and club drug in the late 1960s and 1970s, known variously as "ludes" or "disco biscuits" due to its widespread use during the popularity of disco in the 1970s, or "sopers" (also "soaps") in the United States and Canada, and "mandrakes" and "mandies" in the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.

The instrument that provided electro's synthesized programmed drum beats, the Roland TR-808 drum machine.

Electronic dance music

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Broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.

Broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.

The instrument that provided electro's synthesized programmed drum beats, the Roland TR-808 drum machine.
Roland TB-303: The bass line synthesizer that was used prominently in acid house.
A typical home studio setup for EDM production with computer, audio interface and various MIDI instruments.
An EDM festival in 2013 in Plainfeld, Austria with over 100,000 attendees, exhibiting the large crowds and dramatic lighting common at such events since the early 2000s.
Spectrum Dance Music Festival, 2016
Pictured above is what the drug ecstasy commonly looks like, though there are many different shapes and forms.

Dance music has a long association with recreational drug use, particularly with a wide range of drugs that have been categorized under the name "club drugs".

Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid

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Naturally occurring neurotransmitter and a psychoactive drug.

Naturally occurring neurotransmitter and a psychoactive drug.

GHB powder
Delphic analysis of harm assessment for 20 popular recreational drugs (conducted by David Nutt and his colleagues at University of Bristol in 2007) ranks (in decreasing order of harmfulness) GHB 15th in dependence, 19th in physical harm, and 14th in social harm.
FDA warning against products containing GHB and its prodrugs
Metabolic pathway of GHB
GHB sold in Italy for therapeutic use
Young man in an accidental GHB-induced coma.

GHB has been used as a club drug, apparently starting in the 1990s, as small doses of GHB can act as a euphoriant and are believed to be aphrodisiac.

Date rape drug

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Any drug that incapacitates another person and renders that person vulnerable to sexual assault, including rape.

Any drug that incapacitates another person and renders that person vulnerable to sexual assault, including rape.

Goode et al say it has given a powerful added incentive for the suppression of party drugs, has inappropriately undermined the long-established argument that recreational drug use is purely a consensual and victimless crime.

Dissociative

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Dissociatives are a subclass of hallucinogen which distort perception of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment – dissociation – from the environment and/or self.

Dissociatives are a subclass of hallucinogen which distort perception of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment – dissociation – from the environment and/or self.

Ketamine and nitrous oxide are club drugs.