Cluj-Napoca

ClujKolozsvárKlausenburgCluj (Kolozsvár)Cluj-Napoca, RomaniaCluj NapocaKolozsvár (Cluj)Kolozsvár/ClujNapocaClausenburg
Cluj-Napoca (, Klausenburg; Kolozsvár, ; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.wikipedia
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Romania

🇷🇴ROURomanian
Cluj-Napoca (, Klausenburg; Kolozsvár, ; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.
Its capital and largest city is Bucharest and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova and Brașov.

List of cities and towns in Romania

Towncitieslargest city
, 324,576 inhabitants lived within the city limits (making it the country's second most populous at the time, after the national capital Bucharest), marking a slight increase from the figure recorded at the 2002 census.

Transylvania

TransylvanianTransilvaniaSiebenbürgen
Located in the Someșul Mic River valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania.
It also contains major cities such as Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg, Kolozsvár), Brașov (Kronstadt, Brassó), Sibiu (Hermannstadt, Nagyszeben), Târgu Mureș (Neumarkt am Mieresch, Marosvásárhely), and Bistrița (Bistritz, Beszterce).

Babeș-Bolyai University

University of ClujCluj UniversitySuperior Dacia University
Among other institutions, it hosts the country's largest university, Babeș-Bolyai University, with its botanical garden; nationally renowned cultural institutions; as well as the largest Romanian-owned commercial bank. Other notable parks in the city are the Iuliu Hațieganu Park of the Babeș-Bolyai University, which features some sport facilities, the Hașdeu Park, within the eponymous student housing district, the high-elevation Cetățuia, and the Opera Park, behind the building of the Cluj-Napoca Romanian Opera.
The Babeș-Bolyai University (Universitatea Babeș-Bolyai, Babeș-Bolyai Tudományegyetem, Babeș-Bolyai Universität), commonly known after its abbreviation, UBB, is a public university in Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area

Cluj-Napocametropolitan area
The Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area has a population of 411,379 people, while the population of the peri-urban area (Romanian: zona periurbană) exceeds 420,000 residents.
It has a population of 411,379 of which 324,576 are living in Cluj-Napoca and 86,803 in 17 communes: Aiton, Apahida, Baciu, Bonţida, Borşa, Căianu, Chinteni, Ciurila, Cojocna, Feleacu, Floreşti, Gârbău, Gilău, Jucu, Petreștii de Jos, Tureni, Vultureni.

St. Michael's Church, Cluj-Napoca

St. Michael's ChurchSaint Michael's ChurchSt. Michael Church
The city spreads out from St. Michael's Church in Unirii Square, built in the 14th century and named after the Archangel Michael, the patron saint of Cluj-Napoca.
The St. Michael's Church (Biserica Sfântul Mihail, Szent Mihály-templom) is a Gothic-style Roman Catholic church in Cluj-Napoca.

Cluj-Napoca Botanical Garden

botanical gardenAlexandru Borza Botanical GardenCluj Botanical Garden
Among other institutions, it hosts the country's largest university, Babeș-Bolyai University, with its botanical garden; nationally renowned cultural institutions; as well as the largest Romanian-owned commercial bank.
The Cluj-Napoca Botanical Garden, officially Alexandru Borza Cluj-Napoca University Botanic Garden (Grădina Botanică Alexandru Borza a Universităţii Cluj-Napoca), is a botanical garden located in the south part of Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Gheorghe Funar

Cluj-Napoca experienced a decade of decline during the 1990s, its international reputation suffering from the policies of its mayor at the time, Gheorghe Funar.
Gheorghe Funar (born September 29, 1949 in Sânnicolau Mare) is a nationalist Romanian politician, who rose to fame as a controversial mayor of Cluj-Napoca between 1992 and 2004.

Franz Joseph University

University of KolozsvárClujA modern university
A modern university was founded in 1872, with the intention of promoting the integration of Transylvania into Hungary.
Founded in 1872, its seat was initially in Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca).

Capitoline Wolf Statue, Cluj-Napoca

Capitoline Wolf StatueLupa Capitolina
The interwar years saw the new authorities embark on a "Romanianisation" campaign: a Capitoline Wolf statue donated by Rome was set up in 1921; in 1932 a plaque written by historian Nicolae Iorga was placed on Matthias Corvinus's statue, emphasising his Romanian paternal ancestry; and construction of an imposing Orthodox cathedral began, in a city where only about a tenth of the inhabitants belonged to the Orthodox state church.
The Capitoline Wolf Statue (Statuia Lupoaicei) in Cluj-Napoca, Romania is located on Eroilor Boulevard, in the city centre on the banks of the Someşul Mic river.

Unirii Square, Cluj-Napoca

Unirii SquareUnion SquarePiaţa Unirii
The city spreads out from St. Michael's Church in Unirii Square, built in the 14th century and named after the Archangel Michael, the patron saint of Cluj-Napoca.
Piața Unirii (Romanian for Union Square) is the largest and most important squares in the Romanian city of Cluj-Napoca.

Politics of Cluj-Napoca

June 2004Mayor ofMayor of Cluj-Napoca
This deterred foreign investment; however, in June 2004, Gheorghe Funar was voted out of office, and the city entered a period of rapid economic growth.
The threshold was 5%. On the 15 February 2009, a by-election was held for the office of Mayor of Cluj-Napoca, following the nomination of the previous Mayor, Emil Boc as Prime-Minister.

Ferenc Dávid

By 1571, the Turda (Torda) Diet had adopted a more radical religion, Ferenc Dávid's Unitarianism, characterised by the free interpretation of the Bible and denial of the dogma of the Trinity.
Born in Kolozsvár, Hungary (present-day Cluj-Napoca, Romania) to a Transylvanian Saxon father, David Hertel, who worked as a tanner and a Hungarian mother.

Mănăștur

Cluj-ManășturCluj-MănășturMănăştur
The Latin and Slavic names have been attributed to the valley that narrows or closes between hills just to the west of Cluj-Mănăștur.
Mănăştur (Hungarian Kolozsmonostor; German Abtsdorf) is a district of the Romanian city of Cluj-Napoca which has been a part of the city since 1895.

Dezső Bánffy

BánffyBaron Banffy
A year later, the King gave them pardon upon the advice of his Hungarian prime minister, Dezső Bánffy.
The son of Baron Dániel Bánffy and Anna Gyárfás, Dezső Bánffy was born in Kolozsvár, Hungary (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania) on 28 October 1843, and educated at the Berlin and Leipzig universities.

List of ancient cities in Thrace and Dacia

Greek colonies in Thracefortified citiesGreek cities in Thrace & Dacia
On the site of the city was a pre-Roman settlement named Napoca.
Mutzipara* Napoca, ancient Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Milliarium of Aiton

first recorded on a milestone
The Roman Empire conquered Dacia in AD 101 and 106, during the rule of Trajan, and the Roman settlement Napoca, established thereafter, is first recorded on a milestone discovered in 1758 in the vicinity of the city.
Milliarium of Aiton is an ancient Roman milestone (milliarium) discovered in the 1758 in Aiton commune, near Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Kolozs County

KolozsColosiensisKolozs/Cluj
During this time, Kolozsvár was among the largest and most important cities of the kingdom and was the seat of Kolozs County.
The capital of the county was Kolozsvár (present-day Cluj-Napoca).

Matthias Corvinus

King MatthiasMatthias IMatthias
The interwar years saw the new authorities embark on a "Romanianisation" campaign: a Capitoline Wolf statue donated by Rome was set up in 1921; in 1932 a plaque written by historian Nicolae Iorga was placed on Matthias Corvinus's statue, emphasising his Romanian paternal ancestry; and construction of an imposing Orthodox cathedral began, in a city where only about a tenth of the inhabitants belonged to the Orthodox state church. In 1488, King Matthias Corvinus (born in Kolozsvár in 1440) ordered that the centumvirate—the city council, consisting of one hundred men—be half composed from the homines bone conditiones (the wealthy people), with craftsmen supplying the other half; together they would elect the chief judge and the jury.
Matthias was born in Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca in Romania) on 23 February 1443.

Hoia Forest

Ghost ForestHoia-Baciu forest
Various people report alien encounters in the Hoia-Baciu forest, large networks of catacombs that connect the old churches of the city, or the presence of a monster in the nearby lake of Tarnița.
The Hoia Forest (Pădurea Hoia; Hója-erdő) is a forest situated to the west of the city of Cluj-Napoca, near the open-air section of the Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania.

Romanian National Opera, Cluj-Napoca

Romanian National OperaRomanian OperaCluj Opera
Other notable parks in the city are the Iuliu Hațieganu Park of the Babeș-Bolyai University, which features some sport facilities, the Hașdeu Park, within the eponymous student housing district, the high-elevation Cetățuia, and the Opera Park, behind the building of the Cluj-Napoca Romanian Opera.
The Opera shares the same building with the National Theatre in Cluj-Napoca.

Iuliu Hațieganu

Iuliu Haţieganu
Other notable parks in the city are the Iuliu Hațieganu Park of the Babeș-Bolyai University, which features some sport facilities, the Hașdeu Park, within the eponymous student housing district, the high-elevation Cetățuia, and the Opera Park, behind the building of the Cluj-Napoca Romanian Opera.
Iuliu Hațieganu (April 14, 1885 in Dârja, Cluj County – September 4, 1959 in Cluj) was a Romanian internist doctor particularly recognized for research done in the field of tuberculosis.

Emil Boc

From 2004 to 2009, the mayor was Emil Boc, concurrently president of the Democratic Liberal Party.
Emil Boc (born 6 September 1966) is a Romanian politician who was Prime Minister of Romania from 22 December 2008 until 6 February 2012 and is the current Mayor of Cluj-Napoca, the largest city of Transylvania, where he was first elected in June 2004.

European Youth Capital

Cluj-Napoca held the titles of European Youth Capital in 2015 and European City of Sport in 2018.

Kolozsvár Ghetto

ClujCluj (Kolozsvár) Ghettoghetto
That May, the authorities began the relocation of the Jews to the Iris ghetto.
The ghetto was located in the city of Kolozsvár, Kingdom of Hungary (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania).