Cniva

Kniva
Cniva ( mid-3rd century AD) was a Gothic chieftain who invaded the Roman Empire.wikipedia
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Goths

GothicgothDeewan Lal Chand
Cniva ( mid-3rd century AD) was a Gothic chieftain who invaded the Roman Empire.
Several such raids followed in subsequent decades, in particular the Battle of Abrittus in 251, led by Cniva, in which the Roman Emperor Decius was killed.

Plovdiv

PhilippopolisFilibePlovdiv, Bulgaria
He successfully captured the city of Philippopolis (Plovdiv in Bulgaria) in 250 and killed Emperor Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus at the Battle of Abritus as he was attempting to leave the Empire in 251.
In 250 the city was captured and looted after the Battle of Philippopolis by the Goths led by their ruler Cniva.

Battle of Abritus

Abrittusin battle
He successfully captured the city of Philippopolis (Plovdiv in Bulgaria) in 250 and killed Emperor Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus at the Battle of Abritus as he was attempting to leave the Empire in 251.
The Battle of Abritus, also known as the Battle of Forum Terebronii, occurred near Abritus (modern Razgrad) in the Roman province of Moesia Inferior in the summer of 251 between the Roman Empire and a federation of Scythian tribesmen under the Goth king Cniva.

Herennius Etruscus

HerenniusQ. Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius CaesarQuintus Herennius Etruscus Messius C. f. Trajanus Decius
He successfully captured the city of Philippopolis (Plovdiv in Bulgaria) in 250 and killed Emperor Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus at the Battle of Abritus as he was attempting to leave the Empire in 251.
When the Goths, under Cniva, invaded the Danubian provinces, Herennius Etruscus was sent with a vanguard, followed by the main body of Roman troops, led by Decius.

Siege of Philippopolis (250)

Battle of Philippopolisattack ''Philippopolisbesiege
He successfully captured the city of Philippopolis (Plovdiv in Bulgaria) in 250 and killed Emperor Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus at the Battle of Abritus as he was attempting to leave the Empire in 251.
The Goths were led by King Cniva who had crossed the Danube in 249 or 250 with two armies.

Decius

DecianDecius TraianEmperor Decius
He successfully captured the city of Philippopolis (Plovdiv in Bulgaria) in 250 and killed Emperor Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus at the Battle of Abritus as he was attempting to leave the Empire in 251.
The Goths under King Cniva were surprised by the emperor while besieging Nicopolis on the Danube; the Goths fled through the difficult terrain of the Balkans, but then doubled back and surprised the Romans near Beroë (modern Stara Zagora), sacking their camp and dispersing the Roman troops.

Nicopolis ad Istrum

NicopolisNicolopolis ad IaterumNicopoli
Then the invaders headed south to plunder Nicopolis ad Istrum where Decius defeated them but not decisively.
In 250 near the city, emperor Decius defeated the Goths under Cniva.

Novae

Cniva's main column under the King himself crossed Danube at Oescus then headed eastwards to Novae, where he was repelled by the provincial governor (and future emperor) Trebonianus Gallus.
In 250 Novae was attacked by the Goths of Cniva but escaped damage.

Battle of Beroe

battleBeroeBeroë
The Romans were heavily defeated in the ensuing battle.
After the Battle of Nicopolis ad Istrum where the Goths were defeated, emperor Decius reached Beroe but his army was exhausted and he had to rest his men and horses but Cniva and his Goths attacked him and the Roman army was heavily defeated.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Cniva ( mid-3rd century AD) was a Gothic chieftain who invaded the Roman Empire. Cniva began the invasion of the Roman Empire when he crossed the Danube.

Trebonianus Gallus

GallusC. Vibius Trebonianus GallusCaius Trebonianus Gallus
Cniva's main column under the King himself crossed Danube at Oescus then headed eastwards to Novae, where he was repelled by the provincial governor (and future emperor) Trebonianus Gallus. He was allowed by the new Emperor Trebonianus Gallus to leave with his spoils and was paid tribute to stay out of the empire.

Tribute

tributarytributestributary system
He was allowed by the new Emperor Trebonianus Gallus to leave with his spoils and was paid tribute to stay out of the empire.

Danube

Danube RiverDanubianRiver Danube
Cniva began the invasion of the Roman Empire when he crossed the Danube.

Moesia

Moesia InferiorMoesia SuperiorLower Moesia
He sent detachments throughout the Roman province of Moesia with forces of Goths, and Sarmatians.

Sarmatians

SarmatianSarmatiaSarmat
He sent detachments throughout the Roman province of Moesia with forces of Goths, and Sarmatians.

Marcianopolis

MarcianopleDiocese of MarcianopolisMarcionopolis
The first column of Cniva's army, a detachment of about 20,000 or so likely led by the chieftains Argaith and Gunteric, besieged Marcianopolis, without success it seems.

Oescus

Ulpia OescusŒscus
Cniva's main column under the King himself crossed Danube at Oescus then headed eastwards to Novae, where he was repelled by the provincial governor (and future emperor) Trebonianus Gallus.

Balkan Mountains

BalkanStara PlaninaBalkans
After these initial setbacks, the barbarians moved southwards through Haemus mountain and Decius pursued them (likely through the Shipka Pass) to save Philippopolis.

Shipka Pass

ShipkaPassShipka Peak
After these initial setbacks, the barbarians moved southwards through Haemus mountain and Decius pursued them (likely through the Shipka Pass) to save Philippopolis.

Stara Zagora

BeroeBeroeaBeroia
This time Decius' army was taken by surprise while resting at Beroe/Augusta Traiana.

Titus Julius Priscus

Decius was forced to withdraw his army to the north at Oescus, leaving Cniva ample time to ravage Moesia and finally capture Philippopolis in the summer of 251, in part with the help of its commander, a certain Titus Julius Priscus who had proclaimed himself Emperor.

Fortification

fortfortressfortifications
The sack of Philippopolis invigorated Decius, who intercepted several parties of Germans, and repaired and strengthened his fortifications along the Danube, intending to oppose Cniva’s forces.

Aurelian

Lucius Domitius AurelianusEmperor AurelianRoman Emperor Aurelian
In 271, the Emperor Aurelian conclusively defeated the Goths and killed their king Cannobaudes in battle.

Aurelius Victor

Sextus Aurelius VictorVictorPs.-Aurelius Victor
Aurelius Victor, De Caesaribus, par. 29.4-5 in Liber de Caesaribus of Sextus Aurelius Victor, critical edition by H. W. Bird, Liverpool University Press, 1994, ISBN: 0-85323-218-0

Gothic Wars

Goths
(Goths under Cniva against the Roman Empire)