Coal-tax post

coal taxcoal tax postcoal dutiesLondon Coal DutyLondon Coal Taxtaxed
Coal-tax posts are boundary marker posts found in southern England.wikipedia
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Metropolitan Police District

metropolisMPDMPS district
In 1861 a further Act – the London Coal and Wine Duties Continuance Act 1861 – was passed, reducing the area to that of the Metropolitan Police District plus the City of London.
The MPD has been used for other purposes during its existence, such as the boundary for coal tax and as a 'Greater London' statistical unit.

Metropolitan Board of Works

Board of WorksThe Metropolismetropolitan area of London
After creation of the Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) in 1855 the major part of duties went to the Board and were used to pay for the creation of a unified sewerage system in London and the construction of the Thames embankments.
It covered the area designated London in the 1851 census (an enlarged variant of the Bills of mortality area fixed in 1726), the alternative proposals had been that it should cover the Metropolitan Police District, the area that coal tax was levied or the area used for the Metropolitan Interments Act 1852.

Wormley, Hertfordshire

Wormley
This stretched from Colnbrook in the west to Crayford Ness, at the mouth of the River Darent, in the east, and from Wormley, Hertfordshire in the north to Banstead Heath, Surrey in the south.
There are two Coal-tax posts in Wormley and both are in unusual locations.

Coal Exchange (London)

Coal ExchangeLondon Coal Exchangecoal market in London
In 1803 a further duty was introduced to pay for the expenses of the coal market in London.
*Coal-tax post

London Stone (riparian)

London StoneYantlet CreekCrow Stone
The replica, due to its location, is in the lowest category of architecture, a Grade II listed structure partly achieved since it happens to stand on the point of one of the former coal-tax posts.

Boundary marker

boundary stoneboundary stonesborder marker
Coal-tax posts are boundary marker posts found in southern England.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
They were erected in the 1860s and form an irregular loop between 12 and 18 miles from London to mark the points where taxes on coal were due to the Corporation of London. In 1845 the boundary was set at a radius of 20 miles from the General Post Office, London, from Langley in the west to Gravesend in the east and from Ware in the north to Redhill in the south.

Coal

coal seamcoal industrycoal-fired
They were erected in the 1860s and form an irregular loop between 12 and 18 miles from London to mark the points where taxes on coal were due to the Corporation of London.

City of London Corporation

Corporation of LondonCorporation of the City of LondonCity of London
They were erected in the 1860s and form an irregular loop between 12 and 18 miles from London to mark the points where taxes on coal were due to the Corporation of London.

City of London

CityLondonthe City
Coal imported into the City of London had been taxed since medieval times and, as it was originally all brought by sea to riverside wharfs, the collection of the duties was relatively easy.

Port of London

LondonPort of London AuthorityLondon Port
The Port of London, within which the duties were payable, stretched far beyond the boundaries of the City, all the way along the Thames from Yantlet Creek (downstream from Gravesend) to Staines.

Gravesend

Gravesend, KentLong ReachGravesend, England
The Port of London, within which the duties were payable, stretched far beyond the boundaries of the City, all the way along the Thames from Yantlet Creek (downstream from Gravesend) to Staines. In 1845 the boundary was set at a radius of 20 miles from the General Post Office, London, from Langley in the west to Gravesend in the east and from Ware in the north to Redhill in the south.

Staines-upon-Thames

StainesStaines upon ThamesStaines, Middlesex
The Port of London, within which the duties were payable, stretched far beyond the boundaries of the City, all the way along the Thames from Yantlet Creek (downstream from Gravesend) to Staines.

Act of Parliament

ActActs of ParliamentActs
By the 19th century, however, there was increasing trade by canal and rail, and various Acts of Parliament extended the catchment area to include these new modes of transport.

General Post Office, London

General Post OfficeGeneral Letter OfficeGeneral Post Office East
In 1845 the boundary was set at a radius of 20 miles from the General Post Office, London, from Langley in the west to Gravesend in the east and from Ware in the north to Redhill in the south.

Langley, Berkshire

LangleyLangley MarishLangley, Buckinghamshire
In 1845 the boundary was set at a radius of 20 miles from the General Post Office, London, from Langley in the west to Gravesend in the east and from Ware in the north to Redhill in the south.

Ware, Hertfordshire

WareWare Urban DistrictWare Park
In 1845 the boundary was set at a radius of 20 miles from the General Post Office, London, from Langley in the west to Gravesend in the east and from Ware in the north to Redhill in the south.

Redhill, Surrey

RedhillHolmethorpeRedhill 1844-1994
In 1845 the boundary was set at a radius of 20 miles from the General Post Office, London, from Langley in the west to Gravesend in the east and from Ware in the north to Redhill in the south.

Colnbrook

Ostrich Inn
This stretched from Colnbrook in the west to Crayford Ness, at the mouth of the River Darent, in the east, and from Wormley, Hertfordshire in the north to Banstead Heath, Surrey in the south.

River Darent

DarentRiver DarenthDarent valley
This stretched from Colnbrook in the west to Crayford Ness, at the mouth of the River Darent, in the east, and from Wormley, Hertfordshire in the north to Banstead Heath, Surrey in the south.

Banstead

Banstead, SurreyBanstead Urban DistrictBanstead UD
This stretched from Colnbrook in the west to Crayford Ness, at the mouth of the River Darent, in the east, and from Wormley, Hertfordshire in the north to Banstead Heath, Surrey in the south.

Regnal year

era nameeraregnal years
These again cite the Act by regnal year and chapter number, i.e. 24 & 25 VICT CAP 42.

Grand Junction Canal

Paddington CanalGrand Junctioncanal
The one known exception was the Grand Junction Canal: originally customs officers collected the duties at Grove Park, Hertfordshire.

Rickmansworth

Rickmansworth Urban DistrictRickmansworth, HertfordshireRickmansworth UD
After the boundary was changed in 1861 a permanent house for the collector was built at Stockers Lock near Rickmansworth.

Delivery (commerce)

deliveryhome deliverydelivery boy
In other cases the railway and canal companies or local coal merchants calculated the sums due and paid the money to the Corporation.