Coconut

coconut palmcoconutscoconut treecoconut palmsCocoscoconut treesdesiccated coconutCocos nuciferacoconut huskcoconut shell
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos.wikipedia
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Coconut milk

Coconutmilkgrades of coconut milk
Mature, ripe coconuts can be used as edible seeds, or processed for oil and plant milk from the flesh, charcoal from the hard shell, and coir from the fibrous husk.
Coconut milk is the liquid that comes from the grated pulp of a mature coconut.

Coconut oil

coconutoilcoconut fat
Mature, ripe coconuts can be used as edible seeds, or processed for oil and plant milk from the flesh, charcoal from the hard shell, and coir from the fibrous husk.
Coconut oil, or copra oil, is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).

Coconut water

coconut juiceyoung coconutyoung-coconut
Coconuts are distinct from other fruits because their endosperm contains a large quantity of clear liquid, called "coconut milk" in the literature, and when immature, may be harvested for their potable "coconut water", also called "coconut juice".
Coconut water, less commonly coconut juice, is the clear liquid inside coconuts (fruits of the coconut palm).

Copra

kopraCoconut meatcopra cake
Dried coconut flesh is called copra, and the oil and milk derived from it are commonly used in cooking – frying in particular – as well as in soaps and cosmetics.
Copra is the dried meat or kernel of the coconut, which is the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Coconut oil is extracted from copra, making it an important agricultural commodity for many coconut-producing countries.

Coir

coconut fibreChoruscoco fiber
Mature, ripe coconuts can be used as edible seeds, or processed for oil and plant milk from the flesh, charcoal from the hard shell, and coir from the fibrous husk.
Coir, or coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes and mattresses.

Seed

seedsseed coatkernel
The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut.
The endosperm may also be referred to as "fleshy" or "cartilaginous" with thicker soft cells such as coconut, but may also be oily as in Ricinus (castor oil), Croton and Poppy.

Endosperm

albuminousexalbuminouskernel
Coconuts are distinct from other fruits because their endosperm contains a large quantity of clear liquid, called "coconut milk" in the literature, and when immature, may be harvested for their potable "coconut water", also called "coconut juice".
Other examples of endosperm that forms the bulk of the edible portion are coconut "meat" and coconut "water", and corn.

Fruit

fruitsseed podfruiting
The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut.
fibrous drupe – (e.g., coconut, walnut)

Drupe

stone fruitdrupesdrupaceous
The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut") can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut.
Some flowering plants that produce drupes are: coffee, jujube, mango, olive, most palms (including açaí, date, sabal, coconut and oil palms), pistachio, white sapote, cashew, and all members of the genus Prunus, including the almond (in which the mesocarp is somewhat leathery), apricot, cherry, damson, nectarine, peach, and plum.

Austronesian peoples

AustronesianAustronesiansAustronesian cultures
Physical, cultural, and genetic evidence, however, have overwhelmingly proven that Pacific Islanders originated from the eastward branch of the expansion of Austronesian peoples from Island Southeast Asia and Taiwan using more sophisticated outrigger canoe technology, and not from the Americas.
Genomic analysis of cultivated coconut (Cocos nucifera) has shed light on the movements of Austronesian peoples.

Arecaceae

palmpalm treepalms
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos.
Cocos—Coconut

Coco (folklore)

CucacocoCoca
The term is derived from the 16th-century Portuguese and Spanish word coco meaning "head" or "skull" after the three indentations on the coconut shell that resemble facial features.
According to João de Barros, the name of the "coconut" derived from "coco" and was given to the fruit by the sailors of Vasco da Gama, c.1498, because it reminded them of this mythical creature.

Phytoplasma

phytoplasmasPhytoplasma australiensephytoplasm
Coconuts are susceptible to the phytoplasma disease, lethal yellowing.
Phytoplasmas are pathogens of agriculturally important plants, including coconut, sugarcane, and sandalwood, in which they cause a wide variety of symptoms ranging from mild yellowing to death.

Kerala

Kerala statestate of KeralaKerala, India
In Kerala, India, the main coconut pests are the coconut mite, the rhinoceros beetle, the red palm weevil, and the coconut leaf caterpillar.
In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important.

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus

sago palm weevilpalm weevilred palm weevil
In Kerala, India, the main coconut pests are the coconut mite, the rhinoceros beetle, the red palm weevil, and the coconut leaf caterpillar.
As a result, the weevil is considered a major pest in palm plantations, including the coconut palm, date palm and oil palm.

Brontispa longissima

coconut hispine beetle
Brontispa longissima (coconut leaf beetle) feeds on young leaves, and damages both seedlings and mature coconut palms.
Brontispa longissima (known as the coconut leaf beetle, the two-coloured coconut leaf beetle, or the coconut hispine beetle) is a leaf beetle that feeds on young leaves and damages seedlings and mature coconut palms.

African armyworm

armywormarmywormsSpodoptera exempta
The coconut palm is damaged by the larvae of many Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species which feed on it, including the African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta) and Batrachedra spp.: B. arenosella, B. atriloqua (feeds exclusively on C. nucifera), B. mathesoni (feeds exclusively on C. nucifera), and B. nuciferae.
The larvae feed on all types of grasses, early stages of cereal crops (e.g., corn, rice, wheat, millet, sorghum), sugarcane, and occasionally on coconut.

Eriophyidae

eriophyidgall miteEriophydae
The fruit may also be damaged by eriophyid coconut mites (Eriophyes guerreronis). This mite infests coconut plantations, and is devastating; it can destroy up to 90% of coconut production.
Aceria guerreronis, a mite of coconuts

Lethal yellowing

Coconuts are susceptible to the phytoplasma disease, lethal yellowing.
Lethal yellowing (LY) is a phytoplasma disease that attacks many species of palms, including some commercially important species such as the coconut and date palm.

List of Arecaceae genera

fan palmfan palmsArecaceae tribe Corypheae
The evolutionary history and fossil distribution of Cocos nucifera and other members of the tribe Cocoseae is more ambiguous than modern-day dispersal and distribution, with its ultimate origin and pre-human dispersal still unclear.
Cocos - Coconut

Kon-Tiki expedition

Kon-Tiki'' expeditionKon-TikiKon Tiki
Thor Heyerdahl provides an alternative, and much shorter, estimate based on his first-hand experience crossing the Pacific Ocean on the raft Kon-Tiki:
For food Kon-Tiki carried 200 coconuts, sweet potatoes, bottle gourds and other assorted fruit and roots.

Compact area group approach

The Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kannur under Kerala Agricultural University has developed an innovative extension approach called the compact area group approach to combat coconut mites.
CAGA (Compact Area Group Approach) – A New Farmer Participatory Extension Approach to Mobilise Group Action Against Problems Like Coconut Mite

Emblem of Maldives

Maldive national emblemMaldive state emblemCoat-of-Arms
A coconut tree is also included in the country's national emblem and coat of arms.
The Maldivian National Emblem consists of a coconut palm, a crescent, and two criss-crossing National Flags with the traditional Title of the State.

Pakistan

🇵🇰PakistaniPAK
However, they can be found in humid areas with low annual precipitation such as in Karachi, Pakistan, which receives only about 250 mm of rainfall per year, but is consistently warm and humid.
The forests range from coniferous alpine and subalpine trees such as spruce, pine, and deodar cedar in the extreme northern mountains to deciduous trees in most of the country (for example, the mulberry-like shisham found in the Sulaiman Mountains), to palms such as coconut and date in the southern Punjab, southern Balochistan, and all of Sindh.

Maypan coconut palm

MaypanMaypan hybrid
One recently selected cultivar, the 'Maypan', has been bred for resistance to this disease.
Maypan is an F1 hybrid coconut [palm] that was developed by the Research Department of the Coconut Industry Board of Jamaica to be resistant to Lethal Yellowing disease.