Cod

codfishcod fishcod fishingcod tradeskreiAtlantic codbacalaoCaptain CodEndangered Species Controversies in Canada and EuropeFinfish
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.wikipedia
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Alaska pollock

walleye pollockpollockTheragra chalcogramma
Cod is also used as part of the common name for a number of other fish species, and some species suggested to belong to genus Gadus are not called cod (the Alaska pollock).
The Alaska pollock or walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) is a marine fish species of the cod family Gadidae.

Gadus

Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.
Gadus is a genus of demersal fish in the family Gadidae, commonly known as cod, although there are additional cod species in other genera.

Cod liver oil

cod-liver oilfish-liver oilcod liver capsules
Cod livers are processed to make cod liver oil, an important source of vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA).
Cod liver oil is a dietary supplement derived from liver of cod fish (Gadidae).

Scrod

baked scrod
Young Atlantic cod or haddock prepared in strips for cooking is called scrod.
Scrod or schrod is a small cod or haddock, and sometimes other whitefish, used as food.

Gadiformes

gadiformgadoidscod-like
Many are members of the family Gadidae; others are members of three related families within the order Gadiformes whose names include the word "cod": the morid cods, Moridae (100 or so species); the eel cods, Muraenolepididae (four species); and the Eucla cod, Euclichthyidae (one species).
Gadiformes are an order of ray-finned fish, also called the Anacanthini, that includes the cod and its allies.

Codlet

BregmacerosBregmacerotidae
Some fish have common names derived from "cod", such as codling, codlet or tomcod.
Codlets are a family, Bregmacerotidae, of cod-like fishes, containing the single genus Bregmaceros found in tropical and subtropical waters throughout the world.

Moridae

morid codmoridscodling
Many are members of the family Gadidae; others are members of three related families within the order Gadiformes whose names include the word "cod": the morid cods, Moridae (100 or so species); the eel cods, Muraenolepididae (four species); and the Eucla cod, Euclichthyidae (one species). Some fish have common names derived from "cod", such as codling, codlet or tomcod.
The Moridae are a family of cod-like fishes, known as codlings, hakelings, and moras.

Gadidae

codcodsgadoid
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae. Many are members of the family Gadidae; others are members of three related families within the order Gadiformes whose names include the word "cod": the morid cods, Moridae (100 or so species); the eel cods, Muraenolepididae (four species); and the Eucla cod, Euclichthyidae (one species).
It contains several commercially important fishes, including the cod, haddock, whiting, and pollock.

Eucla cod

Euclichthyidae
Many are members of the family Gadidae; others are members of three related families within the order Gadiformes whose names include the word "cod": the morid cods, Moridae (100 or so species); the eel cods, Muraenolepididae (four species); and the Eucla cod, Euclichthyidae (one species).
The Eucla cod, Euclichthys polynemus, is a deepwater marine fish belonging to the cod order (Gadiformes).

Demersal fish

demersalbottom-dwellingbenthic
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.
Other species include deep sea cods (morids), deep sea eels, halosaurs and notacanths.

Microgadus tomcod

tomcodAtlantic tomcodTommy Cod
Some fish have common names derived from "cod", such as codling, codlet or tomcod.
Microgadus tomcod, also commonly known as frostfish, Atlantic tomcod or winter cod, is a type of cod found in North American coastal waters from the Gulf of St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence River and northern Newfoundland, south to Virginia.

10th edition of Systema Naturae

175810th edition of ''Systema Naturae10th edition
Gadus morhua was named by Linnaeus in 1758.

Poor cod

Trisopterus minutus
The poor cod, Trisopterus minutus, is a temperate marine fish belonging to the cod family (Gadidae).

Muraenolepididae

eel cod
Many are members of the family Gadidae; others are members of three related families within the order Gadiformes whose names include the word "cod": the morid cods, Moridae (100 or so species); the eel cods, Muraenolepididae (four species); and the Eucla cod, Euclichthyidae (one species).
The Muraenolepididae is a family of cod-like fish, known as eel cods, found in southern oceans.

Saffron cod

Eleginus gracilis
The saffron cod (Eleginus gracilis) is a commercially harvested fish closely related to true cods (genus Gadus).

Boreogadus saida

polar codBoreogadus
Boreogadus saida, known as the polar cod or as the Arctic cod, is a fish of the cod family Gadidae, related to the true cod (genus Gadus).

Arctogadus

Arctic codArctogadus glacialisArctic cod.
Arctogadus glacialis, known also with ambiguous common names Arctic cod and polar cod, is an Arctic species of fish in the cod family Gadidae, related to the true cod (genus Gadus).

East Siberian cod

The East Siberian cod (Arctogadus borisovi) also known as the toothed cod, is an Arctic fish closely similar to the Arctic cod Arctogadus glacialis and also related to true cods (genus Gadus).

Small-headed cod

Lepidion microcephalus
The small-headed cod or long-finned cod (Lepidion microcephalus) is a deepwater fish belonging to the morid cod family (Moridae), and related to the true cods (genus Gadus).

Murray cod

Maccullochella peeliiMaccullochella peelii peeliicod fish
Although the species is called a cod in the vernacular, it is not related to the Northern Hemisphere marine cod (Gadus) species.

Whitefish (fisheries term)

whitefishwhite fishwhite flesh
Cod is popular as a food with a mild flavour and a dense, flaky, white flesh.
Whitefish can be divided into benthopelagic fish (round fish which live near the sea bed, such as cod and coley) and benthic fish (which live on the sea bed, such as flatfish like plaice).

Eicosapentaenoic acid

EPA20:5n-3eicosapentaenoate
Cod livers are processed to make cod liver oil, an important source of vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA).
EPA is obtained in the human diet by eating oily fish or fish oil, e.g. cod liver, herring, mackerel, salmon, menhaden and sardine, and various types of edible algae.

Fish and chips

fish and chipfish and chip shopchip shops
In the United Kingdom, Atlantic cod is one of the most common ingredients in fish and chips, along with haddock and plaice.
In Britain and Ireland, cod and haddock appear most commonly as the fish used for fish and chips, but vendors also sell many other kinds of fish, especially other white fish, such as pollock, hake or coley, plaice, skate, and ray (particularly popular in Ireland); and huss or rock salmon (a term covering several species of dogfish and similar fish).

Greenland cod

Gadus ogacogac
Its appearance is similar to that of other cod species; generally heavy-bodied, elongate, usually with a stout caudal peduncle.

Antarctic toothfish

Antarctic codDissostichus mawsoni
However, notothenioid fishes are not closely related to cods, which are in another taxonomic order, the Gadiformes.