Coffee

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Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of berries from certain Coffea species.wikipedia
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Coffee bean

coffee beanscoffeegreen coffee
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of berries from certain Coffea species.
A coffee bean is a seed of the coffee plant and the source for coffee.

Drink

beveragebeveragesdrinks
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of berries from certain Coffea species.
Common types of drinks include plain drinking water, milk, coffee, tea, hot chocolate and soft drinks.

List of countries by coffee production

largest coffee producers in the worldmajor coffee producing countriesmore than 70 countries
Coffee plants are now cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in the equatorial regions of the Americas, Southeast Asia, Indian subcontinent, and Africa.
The following table lists the total coffee production of coffee exporting countries.

Iced coffee

icedBlended coffeefrozen coffee beverage
It is usually served hot, although iced coffee is a popular alternative.
Iced coffee is a type of coffee beverage served chilled, brewed variously with the fundamental division being cold brew – brewing the coffee cold, yielding a different flavor, and not requiring cooling – or brewing normally (hot) and then cooling, generally by simply pouring over ice or into ice cold milk.

Robusta coffee

Robusta RobustaC. robusta
The two most commonly grown are C. arabica and C. robusta.
Robusta coffee is coffee made from the Coffea canephora plant, a sturdy species of coffee bean with low acidity and high bitterness.

Coffea

coffeecoffee plantcoffee plants
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of berries from certain Coffea species.
The seeds of some species, called coffee beans, are used to make various coffee beverages and products.

French press

cafetièrecafetierecafetières
It is one of the most popular drinks in the world, and it can be prepared and presented in a variety of ways (e.g., espresso, French press, café latte).
A French press, also known as a cafetière, cafetière à piston, Cafeteria, press pot, coffee press, or coffee plunger, is a coffee brewing device invented by Paolini Ugo and patented by Italian designer Attilio Calimani and Giulio Moneta in 1929.

Coffee roasting

roastedroastercoffee roastery
Dried coffee seeds (referred to as "beans") are roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor.
Roasting coffee transforms the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products.

Caffeine

caffeinatedcaffeine pillscaffeine withdrawal
Coffee is darkly colored, bitter, slightly acidic and has a stimulating effect in humans, primarily due to its caffeine content.
Caffeine-containing drinks, such as coffee, tea, and cola, are very popular; as of 2014, 85% of American adults consumed some form of caffeine daily, consuming 164 mg on average.

Fair trade coffee

fair tradecertificationsfair
Consequently, the markets for fair trade and organic coffee are expanding, notably in the USA.
Fair Trade coffee is coffee that is certified as having been produced to fair trade standards.

List of countries by coffee exports

export for numerous countries
Coffee is a major export commodity, being the top legal agricultural export for numerous countries.
The following is a list of countries by coffee exports.

Organic coffee

Organic
Consequently, the markets for fair trade and organic coffee are expanding, notably in the USA.
Organic coffee is coffee produced without the aid of artificial chemical substances, such as certain additives or some pesticides and herbicides.

Coffeehouse

cafécafecoffee shop
The first European coffee house opened in Rome in 1645.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an establishment that primarily serves coffee, related coffee drinks (latte, cappuccino, espresso), and – depending on country – other drinks including alcoholic.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
Coffee then spread to Italy, and to the rest of Europe, to Indonesia, and to the Americas.
Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber.

Coffea arabica

arabicaArabica coffeecoffee
The two most commonly grown are C. arabica and C. robusta.
The seeds are contained in a drupe (commonly called a "cherry") 10–15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds, the actual coffee beans.

Coffee production in Brazil

Brazilcoffee productionproducer of coffee
Meanwhile, coffee had been introduced to Brazil in 1727, although its cultivation did not gather momentum until independence in 1822.
Coffee production in Brazil is responsible for about a third of all coffee, making Brazil by far the world's largest producer, a position the country has held for the last 150 years.

Rubiaceae

coffee familycoffeerubiaceous
All coffee plants are classified in the large family Rubiaceae.
Economically important species include Coffea, the source of coffee, Cinchona, the source of the antimalarial alkaloid quinine, some dye plants (e.g. Rubia), and ornamental cultivars (e.g. Gardenia, Ixora, Pentas).

Coffee borer beetle

coffee berry borercoffee berry borer beetlesHypothenemus hampei
Nematodes attack the roots, coffee borer beetles burrow into stems and woody material, and the foliage is attacked by over 100 species of larvae (caterpillars) of butterflies and moths.
It is among the most harmful pests to coffee crops across the world where coffee is cultivated.

Coffee production in Indonesia

JavaIndonesiacoffee
The first exports of Indonesian coffee from Java to the Netherlands occurred in 1711. Varietals are generally known by the region in which they are grown, such as Colombian, Java and Kona.
Indonesia was the fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world in 2014.

Kona coffee

Kona
Varietals are generally known by the region in which they are grown, such as Colombian, Java and Kona.
Kona coffee is the market name for coffee (Coffea arabica) cultivated on the slopes of Hualalai and Mauna Loa in the North and South Kona Districts of the Big Island of Hawaii.

Starbucks

Starbucks CoffeeStarbucks Corporationverisimo
Some commercial coffee shops run initiatives to make better use of these grounds, including Starbucks' "Grounds for your Garden" project, and community sponsored initiatives such as "Ground to Ground".
Starbucks Corporation is an American coffee company and coffeehouse chain.

Cash crop

cash cropscommodity cropcash-crop
Coffee has become a vital cash crop for many developing countries.
Coffee is an example of a product that has been susceptible to significant commodity futures price variations.

Kopi Luwak

civet coffeeAlamid Coffeecivet dropping coffee
An Asian coffee known as kopi luwak undergoes a peculiar process made from coffee berries eaten by the Asian palm civet, passing through its digestive tract, with the beans eventually harvested from feces.
Kopi luwak, or civet coffee, is coffee that includes partially digested coffee cherries, eaten and defecated by the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). Fermentation occurs as the cherries pass through a civet's intestines, and after being defecated with other fecal matter, they are collected.

Shade-grown coffee

coffeeshade grownshade coffee
This method is commonly referred to as the traditional shaded method, or "shade-grown".
Because it incorporates principles of natural ecology to promote natural ecological relationships, shade-grown coffee can be considered an offshoot of agricultural permaculture or agroforestry.

Used coffee grounds

coffee groundsused grounds
Used coffee grounds may be used for composting or as a mulch.
Used coffee grounds are the waste product from brewing coffee, in the final stages of coffee preparation.