Cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive behavioural therapycognitive-behavioral therapyCBTcognitive behavior therapycognitive-behavioralcognitive behaviour therapycognitive-behavioural therapycognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)cognitive behavioralcognitive behavioral therapist
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that aims to improve mental health.wikipedia
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Behaviorism

behavioristbehaviourismbehavior analysis
CBT is based on the combination of the basic principles from behavioral and cognitive psychology.
In addition, while behaviorism and cognitive schools of psychological thought may not agree theoretically, they have complemented each other in the cognitive-behavior therapies, which have demonstrated utility in treating certain pathologies, including simple phobias, PTSD, and mood disorders.

Anxiety disorder

anxiety disordersanxietynervous disorder
When compared to psychoactive medications, review studies have found CBT alone to be as effective for treating less severe forms of depression and anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), tics, substance abuse, eating disorders and borderline personality disorder. In adults, CBT has been shown to have effectiveness and a role in the treatment plans for anxiety disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, depression, eating disorders, chronic low back pain, personality disorders, psychosis, schizophrenia, substance use disorders, in the adjustment, depression, and anxiety associated with fibromyalgia, and with post-spinal cord injuries.
Counselling is typically with a type of cognitive behavioral therapy.

Major depressive disorder

depressionclinical depressionmajor depression
Originally, it was designed to treat depression, but its uses have been expanded to include treatment of a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety. It is often recommended in combination with medications for treating other conditions, such as severe obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depressive disorder, opioid use disorder, bipolar disorder and psychotic disorders.
Types of counseling used include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy.

Borderline personality disorder

borderlineborderline personalityemotional instability
When compared to psychoactive medications, review studies have found CBT alone to be as effective for treating less severe forms of depression and anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), tics, substance abuse, eating disorders and borderline personality disorder.
BPD is typically treated with therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Cognitive distortion

cognitive distortionsdistortionpsychopathic fiction
CBT focuses on challenging and changing unhelpful cognitive distortions (e.g. thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes) and behaviors, improving emotional regulation, and the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems.
Challenging and changing cognitive distortions is a key element of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Opioid use disorder

heroin addictionopioid addictionheroin addict
It is often recommended in combination with medications for treating other conditions, such as severe obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depressive disorder, opioid use disorder, bipolar disorder and psychotic disorders.
Additionally, individuals may benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy, other forms of support from mental health professionals such as individual or group therapy, twelve-step programs, and other peer support programs.

Cognitive therapy

cognitivecognitive psychotherapycognitive behavioural therapy
CBT may be delivered in conjunction with a variety of diverse but related techniques such as exposure therapy, stress inoculation, cognitive processing therapy, cognitive therapy, relaxation training, dialectical behavior therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.
CT is one of the therapeutic approaches within the larger group of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and was first expounded by Beck in the 1960s.

Cognitive processing therapy

cognitive processing therapies
CBT may be delivered in conjunction with a variety of diverse but related techniques such as exposure therapy, stress inoculation, cognitive processing therapy, cognitive therapy, relaxation training, dialectical behavior therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.
It includes elements of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) treatments.

Cognitive psychology

cognitive psychologistcognitivecognitive psychologists
CBT is based on the combination of the basic principles from behavioral and cognitive psychology.
Following the cognitive revolution, and as a result of many of the principle discoveries to come out of the field of cognitive psychology, the discipline of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) evolved.

Psychotherapy

psychotherapistpsychotherapeutictherapy
It is different from historical approaches to psychotherapy, such as the psychoanalytic approach where the therapist looks for the unconscious meaning behind the behaviors and then formulates a diagnosis.
Cognitive and behavioral therapy approaches were increasingly combined and grouped under the umbrella term cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in the 1970s.

Fibromyalgia

fibrositisFibromyalgia syndromemuscular rheumatism
In adults, CBT has been shown to have effectiveness and a role in the treatment plans for anxiety disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, depression, eating disorders, chronic low back pain, personality disorders, psychosis, schizophrenia, substance use disorders, in the adjustment, depression, and anxiety associated with fibromyalgia, and with post-spinal cord injuries.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may also be helpful.

Emotional self-regulation

emotion regulationemotional regulationself-regulation
CBT focuses on challenging and changing unhelpful cognitive distortions (e.g. thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes) and behaviors, improving emotional regulation, and the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems.
Emotion-regulation strategies are taught, and emotion-regulation problems are treated, in a variety of approaches to counseling and psychotherapy, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), emotion-focused therapy (EFT), and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT).

Trichotillomania

Hair pullingHair Pulling Disordercompulsion of eating one's own hair
In children or adolescents, CBT is an effective part of treatment plans for anxiety disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, depression and suicidality, eating disorders and obesity, obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder, as well as tic disorders, trichotillomania, and other repetitive behavior disorders.
Treatment is typically with cognitive behavioral therapy.

Cognitive restructuring

cognitive interventionscognitive-restructuring
Some clinicians and researchers are cognitively oriented (e.g. cognitive restructuring), while others are more behaviorally oriented (e.g. in vivo exposure therapy).
CR employs many strategies, such as Socratic questioning, thought recording, and guided imagery, and is used in many types of therapies, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT).

Anorexia nervosa

anorexiaanorexicanorexics
According to the study, CBT was effective at treating schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress, anxiety disorders, bulimia, anorexia, personality disorders and alcohol dependency.
A number of types of therapy may be useful, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or an approach where parents assume responsibility for feeding their child known as Maudsley family therapy.

Anxiety

anxiousnervousnessanxieties
Originally, it was designed to treat depression, but its uses have been expanded to include treatment of a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety.
Counselling is typically with a type of cognitive behavioural therapy.

Panic disorder

panicpanic disorderspanic disorde
According to the study, CBT was effective at treating schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress, anxiety disorders, bulimia, anorexia, personality disorders and alcohol dependency.
The type of counselling used is typically cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) which is effective in more than half of people.

Insomnia

trouble sleepingsleeplessnessdifficulty sleeping
CCBT was found to be equally effective as face-to-face CBT in adolescent anxiety and insomnia.
Cognitive behavioral therapy may be added to this.

Acceptance and commitment therapy

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)health and exerciseacceptance and change
CBT may be delivered in conjunction with a variety of diverse but related techniques such as exposure therapy, stress inoculation, cognitive processing therapy, cognitive therapy, relaxation training, dialectical behavior therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.
ACT differs from traditional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in that rather than trying to teach people to better control their thoughts, feelings, sensations, memories and other private events, ACT teaches them to "just notice," accept, and embrace their private events, especially previously unwanted ones.

Chronic fatigue syndrome

myalgic encephalomyelitisMEME/CFS
CBT has been shown to be moderately effective for treating chronic fatigue syndrome.
Evidence suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a gradual increase in activity suited to individual capacity can be beneficial in some cases.

Aaron T. Beck

Aaron Beckautomatic thoughts
One etiological theory of depression is Aaron T. Beck's cognitive theory of depression.
He is regarded as the father of both cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy.

Beck's cognitive triad

cognitive triaddistorted perceptionsnegative triad
Beck also described a negative cognitive triad.
The triad forms part of his cognitive theory of depression and the concept is used as part of CBT, particularly in Beck's "Treatment of Negative Automatic Thoughts" (TNAT) approach.

List of cognitive–behavioral therapies

problem-solving therapyDonald MeichenbaumProblem solving therapy
In contrast, meta-analyses of larger trials of different psychotherapeutic treatments that CBT, interpersonal therapy, and problem-solving therapy for depression outperform psychodynamic psychotherapy and behavioral activation in terms of robustness of effects.

Bulimia nervosa

bulimiabulimicbulimics
According to the study, CBT was effective at treating schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress, anxiety disorders, bulimia, anorexia, personality disorders and alcohol dependency.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is the primary treatment for bulimia.

Bipolar disorder

bipolarmanic depressionmanic depressive
It is often recommended in combination with medications for treating other conditions, such as severe obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depressive disorder, opioid use disorder, bipolar disorder and psychotic disorders. According to the study, CBT was effective at treating schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress, anxiety disorders, bulimia, anorexia, personality disorders and alcohol dependency.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, family-focused therapy, and psychoeducation have the most evidence for efficacy in regard to relapse prevention, while interpersonal and social rhythm therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy appear the most effective in regard to residual depressive symptoms.