Cognitive therapy

cognitivecognitive psychotherapycognitive behavioural therapycognitive behavioral therapycognitive behaviour therapistautomatic thoughtscognitive behavioralcognitive-behavioraldysfunctional beliefspatterns of thought
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.wikipedia
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Aaron T. Beck

Aaron BeckBeck, A.Tautomatic thoughts
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.
He is regarded as the father of cognitive therapy, and his pioneering theories are widely used in the treatment of clinical depression.

Arbitrary inference

Beck initially focused on depression and developed a list of "errors" (cognitive distortion) in thinking that he proposed could maintain depression, including arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, over-generalization, and magnification (of negatives) and minimization (of positives).
Arbitrary inference is a classic tenet of cognitive therapy created by Aaron T. Beck in 1979.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive behavioural therapycognitive-behavioral therapycognitive behavior therapy
CT is one of the therapeutic approaches within the larger group of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and was first expounded by Beck in the 1960s.
CBT may be delivered in conjunction with a variety of diverse but related techniques such as exposure therapy, stress inoculation, cognitive processing therapy, cognitive therapy, relaxation training, dialectical behavior therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.

Psychotherapy

psychotherapistpsychotherapeutictherapy
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.
Independently a few years later, psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck developed a form of psychotherapy known as cognitive therapy.

Rational emotive behavior therapy

rational emotive therapyREBTrational-emotive therapy
He called his approach Rational Therapy (RT) at first, then Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) and later Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).
This was around a decade before psychiatrist Aaron Beck first set forth his "cognitive therapy", after Ellis had contacted him in the mid 1960s.

Behaviorism

behavioristbehaviourismbehavior analysis
The new cognitive approach came into conflict with the behaviorism ascendant at the time, which denied that talk of mental causes was scientific or meaningful, rather than simply assessing stimuli and behavioral responses.
This shift was due to methodological behaviorism being highly criticized for not examining mental processes, and this led to the development of the cognitive therapy movement.

Cognitive distortion

cognitive distortionspsychopathic fictiondistortion
Beck initially focused on depression and developed a list of "errors" (cognitive distortion) in thinking that he proposed could maintain depression, including arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, over-generalization, and magnification (of negatives) and minimization (of positives).
In 1972, psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and cognitive therapy scholar Aaron T. Beck published Depression: Causes and Treatment. He was dissatisfied with the conventional Freudian treatment of depression, because there was no empirical evidence for the success of Freudian psychoanalysis.

Cognitive shifting

cognitive-shifting
Cognitive-shifting
In the general framework of cognitive therapy and awareness management, cognitive shifting refers to the conscious choice to take charge of one's mental habits—and redirect one's focus of attention in helpful, more successful directions.

Albert Ellis

EllisDr. Albert Ellis
Albert Ellis had been working on similar ideas since the 1950s (Ellis, 1956).
From then, CBT gradually became one of the most popular systems of psychotherapy in many countries, mainly due to the large body of rigorously conducted research that underpinned the work of the cognitive therapy school (a key part of the CBT family) founded by Aaron T. Beck.

Selective abstraction

adds to the public's misconception
Beck initially focused on depression and developed a list of "errors" (cognitive distortion) in thinking that he proposed could maintain depression, including arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, over-generalization, and magnification (of negatives) and minimization (of positives).
It commonly appears in Aaron T. Beck's work in cognitive therapy.

Cognitive analytic therapy

CATCognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT)Cognitive Analytic Psychotherapist
Cognitive analytic therapy
He proposed a shorter, more active form of therapy which integrated elements from cognitive therapy practice (such as goal setting and Socratic questioning) into analytic practice.

Socratic questioning

SocraticSocratic questionsquestioning
Socratic questioning: involves the creation of a series of questions to a) clarify and define problems, b) assist in the identification of thoughts, images and assumptions, c) examine the meanings of events for the patient, and d) assess the consequences of maintaining maladaptive thoughts and behaviors.
Socratic questioning has also been used in psychotherapy, most notably as a cognitive restructuring technique in classical Adlerian psychotherapy, logotherapy, rational emotive behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and logic-based therapy.

David D. Burns

Burns, D. D.
David D. Burns
Burns was an early student of Aaron T. Beck, who developed cognitive therapy during the 1960s and 1970s.

Beck's cognitive triad

cognitive triadnegative triad
Beck's negative triad holds that depressed people have negative thoughts about themselves, their experiences in the world, and the future.
Cognitive therapy

History of psychotherapy

Psychological Clinic
History of psychotherapy
During the 1950s, Albert Ellis developed the first form of cognitive behavioral therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and few years later Aaron T. Beck developed cognitive therapy.

List of people from Philadelphia

Philadelphianseveral renowned athletes and sports figures
Aaron T. Beck – psychiatrist, inventor of cognitive therapy, professor at University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Large-group awareness training

large group awareness trainingawareness training Large Group Awareness Training (LGAT)
Rubinstein compared large-group awareness training to certain principles of cognitive therapy, such as the idea that people can change their lives by interpreting the way they view external circumstances.

Memory improvement

improve memoryimproving memory
Medical research of memory deficits and age-related memory loss has resulted in new explanations and treatment techniques to improve memory, including diet, exercise, stress management, cognitive therapy and pharmaceutical medications.

David M. Clark

David M ClarkProf. David ClarkD. M. Clark
His clinical research and practice has mainly focused on developing cognitive models and cognitive therapy for anxiety disorders.

Method of levels

The method of levels (MOL) is a cognitive approach to psychotherapy (or an approach to cognitive behavioral therapy) based on perceptual control theory (PCT).

Cognitive reframing

reframecognitive reframing techniquesre-framing
In the context of cognitive therapy, cognitive reframing is referred to as cognitive restructuring.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorsSSRISSRIs
Antidepressants are recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) as a first-line treatment of severe depression and for the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression that persists after conservative measures such as cognitive therapy.

Behavioral psychotherapy

behavioral
Behavioral psychotherapy is a type of psychotherapy from the behaviourism tradition, and one of two streams of thought (the other being cognitive psychotherapy) that have come together to produce cognitive behavioral therapy.