Cognitive therapywikipedia
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.
cognitive therapycognitivecognitive psychotherapycognitive behavioural therapycognitive behavioral therapyautomatic thoughtscognitive behaviour therapistcognitive behavioralcognitive-behavioraldysfunctional beliefs

Aaron T. Beck

Aaron BeckAaron T. BeckBeck, A.T
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.
He is regarded as the father of cognitive therapy, and his pioneering theories are widely used in the treatment of clinical depression.

Rational emotive behavior therapy

rational emotive behavior therapyrational emotive therapyREBT
He called his approach Rational Therapy (RT) at first, then Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) and later Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).
This was around a decade before psychiatrist Aaron Beck first set forth his "cognitive therapy", after Ellis had contacted him in the mid 1960s.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive behavioral therapycognitive behavioural therapycognitive-behavioral therapy
CT is one of the therapeutic approaches within the larger group of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and was first expounded by Beck in the 1960s.
CBT may be delivered in conjunction with a variety of diverse but related techniques such as exposure therapy, stress inoculation, cognitive processing therapy, cognitive therapy, relaxation training, dialectical behavior therapy, and acceptance and commitment therapy.

Arbitrary inference

arbitrary inference
Beck initially focused on depression and developed a list of "errors" (cognitive distortion) in thinking that he proposed could maintain depression, including arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, over-generalization, and magnification (of negatives) and minimization (of positives).
Arbitrary inference is a classic tenet of cognitive therapy created by Aaron T. Beck in 1979.

Cognitive distortion

cognitive distortioncognitive distortionspsychopathic fiction
Beck initially focused on depression and developed a list of "errors" (cognitive distortion) in thinking that he proposed could maintain depression, including arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, over-generalization, and magnification (of negatives) and minimization (of positives).
In 1972, psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and cognitive therapy scholar Aaron T. Beck published Depression: Causes and Treatment. He was dissatisfied with the conventional Freudian treatment of depression, because there was no empirical evidence for the success of Freudian psychoanalysis.

Psychotherapy

psychotherapypsychotherapistpsychotherapeutic
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck.
Independently a few years later, psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck developed a form of psychotherapy known as cognitive therapy.

Behaviorism

behaviorismbehavioristbehaviourism
The new cognitive approach came into conflict with the behaviorism ascendant at the time, which denied that talk of mental causes was scientific or meaningful, rather than simply assessing stimuli and behavioral responses.
This shift was due to methodological behaviorism being highly criticized for not examining mental processes, and this led to the development of the cognitive therapy movement.

Cognitive shifting

cognitive-shiftingcognitive shifting
In the general framework of cognitive therapy and awareness management, cognitive shifting refers to the conscious choice to take charge of one's mental habits—and redirect one's focus of attention in helpful, more successful directions.

Albert Ellis

Albert EllisEllisDr. Albert Ellis
Albert Ellis had been working on similar ideas since the 1950s (Ellis, 1956).
From then, CBT gradually became one of the most popular systems of psychotherapy in many countries, mainly due to the large body of rigorously conducted research that underpinned the work of the cognitive therapy school (a key part of the CBT family) founded by Aaron T. Beck.

Selective abstraction

selective abstractionadds to the public's misconception
Beck initially focused on depression and developed a list of "errors" (cognitive distortion) in thinking that he proposed could maintain depression, including arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, over-generalization, and magnification (of negatives) and minimization (of positives).
It commonly appears in Aaron T. Beck's work in cognitive therapy.

Cognitive analytic therapy

cognitive analytic therapyCATCognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT)
He proposed a shorter, more active form of therapy which integrated elements from cognitive therapy practice (such as goal setting and Socratic questioning) into analytic practice.

Socratic questioning

Socraticsocratic questioningSocratic questions
Socratic questioning has also been used in psychotherapy, most notably as a cognitive restructuring technique in classical Adlerian psychotherapy, logotherapy, rational emotive behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and logic-based therapy.

David D. Burns

Burns, D. D.
Burns was an early student of Aaron T. Beck, who developed cognitive therapy during the 1960s and 1970s.

Beck's cognitive triad

cognitive triadnegative triad
Beck's negative triad holds that depressed people have negative thoughts about themselves, their experiences in the world, and the future.

History of psychotherapy

history of psychotherapyPsychological Clinic
During the 1950s, Albert Ellis developed the first form of cognitive behavioral therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and few years later Aaron T. Beck developed cognitive therapy.

List of people from Philadelphia

Philadelphianseveral renowned athletes and sports figures

Large-group awareness training

large group awareness traininglarge-group awareness training Large Group Awareness Training (LGAT)
Rubinstein compared large-group awareness training to certain principles of cognitive therapy, such as the idea that people can change their lives by interpreting the way they view external circumstances.

Memory improvement

improve memoryimproving memorymemory improvement
Medical research of memory deficits and age-related memory loss has resulted in new explanations and treatment techniques to improve memory, including diet, exercise, stress management, cognitive therapy and pharmaceutical medications.

Method of levels

method of levels
The method of levels (MOL) is a cognitive approach to psychotherapy (or an approach to cognitive behavioral therapy) based on perceptual control theory (PCT).

David M. Clark

David M ClarkProf. David ClarkD. M. Clark
His clinical research and practice has mainly focused on developing cognitive models and cognitive therapy for anxiety disorders.

Cognitive reframing

reframecognitive reframingcognitive reframing techniques
In the context of cognitive therapy, cognitive reframing is referred to as cognitive restructuring.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorselective serotonin reuptake inhibitorsSSRI
Antidepressants are recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) as a first-line treatment of severe depression and for the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression that persists after conservative measures such as cognitive therapy.

Behavioral psychotherapy

behavioral psychotherapybehavioral
Behavioral psychotherapy is a type of psychotherapy from the behaviourism tradition, and one of two streams of thought (the other being cognitive psychotherapy) that have come together to produce cognitive behavioral therapy.