Colchester

Colchester, EssexColchester, EnglandColchester Town HallColchester, Essex, EnglandCamalodunum(J28) A12 New Junction at Cuckoo Farm, ColchesterCamalodenCamalodonColchester Borough Council Act 2001Colchester Community Volunteer Service
Colchester is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.wikipedia
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Colchester Castle

ColchesterColchester Castle MuseumCastle Park
Colchester is home to Colchester Castle and Colchester United Football Club. The Royalists surrendered in the late summer (on 27 August Lord Goring signed the surrender document in the Kings Head Inn) and Charles Lucas and George Lisle were executed in the grounds of Colchester Castle.
Colchester Castle in Colchester, Essex, England, is an example of a largely complete Norman castle.

Essex

Essex, EnglandCounty of EssexEssex County
Colchester is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.
The combined army then proceeded to the capital of the Catevellauni-Trinovantes at Colchester, and took it.

Harwich

Harwich, EssexHarwich HarbourHarwich, England
It is seen as a popular town for commuters, and is less than 30 mi from London Stansted Airport and 20 mi from the passenger ferry port of Harwich.
Nearby places include Felixstowe to the northeast, Ipswich to the northwest, Colchester to the southwest and Clacton-on-Sea to the south.

River Colne, Essex

River ColneColneColne Valley
In this way of interpreting the name, the River Colne which runs through the town takes its name from Colonia as well.
The River Colne ( or ) is a small river that runs through Essex, England and passes through Colchester.

Colchester railway station

ColchesterColchester stationColchester (North) station
Situated on the River Colne, Colchester is 50 mi northeast of London and is connected to the capital by the A12 road and its railway station which is on the Great Eastern Main Line.
Colchester railway station (also known as Colchester North) is on the Great Eastern Main Line (GEML) in the East of England, and is the primary station serving the town of Colchester, Essex.

Roman Britain

RomanBritainBritannia
It was for a time the capital of Roman Britain, and is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network.
Plautius halted at the Thames and sent for Claudius, who arrived with reinforcements, including artillery and elephants, for the final march to the Catuvellaunian capital, Camulodunum (Colchester).

Brightlingsea

Brightlingsea, EssexBrightlingsea One DesignBrightlingsea to Alresford
Colchester is surrounded by Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments that pre-date the town, including a Neolithic henge at Tendring, large Bronze Age barrow cemeteries at Dedham and Langham, and a larger example at Brightlingsea consisting of a cluster of 22 barrows.
It is situated between Colchester and Clacton-on-Sea, at the mouth of the River Colne, on Brightlingsea Creek.

Camulodunum

ColchesterCamulodunonRoman Colchester
John Morris (1913 – June 1977) an English historian who specialised in the study of the institutions of the Roman Empire and the history of Sub-Roman Britain, suggested in his book "The Age of Arthur" (1973) that as the descendants of Romanised Britons looked back to a golden age of peace and prosperity under Rome, the name "Camelot" of Arthurian legend was probably a reference to Camulodunum, the capital of Britannia in Roman times.
Camulodunum (undefined), the Ancient Roman name for what is now Colchester in Essex, was an important town in Roman Britain, and the first capital of the province.

Langham, Essex

LanghamLangham Oaks School
Colchester is surrounded by Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments that pre-date the town, including a Neolithic henge at Tendring, large Bronze Age barrow cemeteries at Dedham and Langham, and a larger example at Brightlingsea consisting of a cluster of 22 barrows.
There is little evidence of pre Roman occupation of what is now Langham but the Romans built a villa at the north end of the village close to the River Stour and the Roman Road from Colchester into Suffolk also ran to the east of the village and so there was probably Roman activity in the area of the village.

Temple of Claudius, Colchester

Temple of ClaudiusTempleClaudius
This contained a large and elaborate Temple to the Divine Claudius, the largest classical-style temple in Britain, as well as at least seven other Romano-British temples.
The Temple of Claudius (TEMPLVM CLAVDII) or Temple of the Deified Claudius (TEMPLVM DIVI CLAVDII) was a large octastyle temple built in Camulodunum, the modern Colchester in Essex.

Churches in Colchester

Holy Trinity ChurchHoly Trinity Church, ColchesterSt Mary-at-the-Walls
Many of Colchester's parish churches date from this period.
Colchester in Essex, England, has a number of notable churches.

St. Botolph's Priory

St Botolph's PrioryColchester PrioryColchester — St Botolph's Priory
There are notable medieval ruins in Colchester, including the surviving gateway of the Benedictine abbey of St John the Baptist (known locally as "St John's Abbey"), and the ruins of the Augustinian priory of St Botolph (known locally as "St Botolph's Priory").
St. Botolph's Priory was a Medieval Augustinian religious house in Colchester, Essex and had the distinction of being the first and leading Augustinian convent in England until its dissolution in 1536.

Ipswich Road, Colchester

A1232Ipswich Road
Rovers Tye Farm, now a pub on Ipswich Road, has been documented as being established by 1353.
Ipswich Road, formally the A1232, is a road in Colchester, Essex, England.

Dedham, Essex

DedhamDenham
Colchester is surrounded by Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments that pre-date the town, including a Neolithic henge at Tendring, large Bronze Age barrow cemeteries at Dedham and Langham, and a larger example at Brightlingsea consisting of a cluster of 22 barrows.
This group held clandestine meetings and prayer groups in and around Colchester and surrounding villages like Dedham, publishing and distributing versions of Wycliffe's Bible and various other Calvinist texts obtained from London; the Dedham Classis is the best recorded of those active in the sixteenth century.

Colonia (Roman)

coloniaRoman colonycolony
Some contend that is derived from the Latin words Colonia (referring to a type of Roman settlement with rights equivalent to those of Roman citizens, one of which was believed to have been founded in the vicinity of Colchester) and Castra, meaning fortifications (referring to the town's walls, the oldest in Britain).

Oldest town in Britain

England's oldestoldest continuously inhabited settlements in the countryoldest recorded town
Colchester is said to be the oldest recorded town in Britain on the grounds that it was mentioned by Pliny the Elder, who died in AD 79, although the Celtic name of the town, Camulodunon appears on coins minted by tribal chieftain Tasciovanus in the period 20–10 BC.
Colchester claims to be Britain's oldest recorded town.

Market town

market rightsmarketmarket charter
Colchester is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.
Archaeological evidence suggests that Colchester is England's oldest recorded market town, dating to at least the time of the Roman occupation of Britain's southern regions.

Roman conquest of Britain

Roman invasion of BritainRoman conquestRoman invasion
Soon after the Roman conquest of Britain in AD 43, a Roman legionary fortress was established, the first in Britain.
The Catuvellauni had displaced the Trinovantes as the most powerful kingdom in south-eastern Britain, taking over the former Trinovantian capital of Camulodunum (Colchester), and were pressing their neighbours the Atrebates, ruled by the descendants of Julius Caesar's former ally Commius.

Trinovantes

TrinobantesIron AgeNew Troy
Colchester is home to two of the five Roman theatres found in Britain; the example at Gosbecks (site of the Iron Age royal farmstead) is the largest in Britain, able to seat 5,000.
Their capital was Camulodunum (modern Colchester), one proposed site of the legendary Camelot.

Siege of Colchester

Battle of ColchesterColchestersiege
A pursuing Parliamentary army led by Thomas Fairfax and Henry Ireton surrounded the town for eleven and a half weeks, a period known as the Siege of Colchester.
Colchester found itself in the thick of the unrest when a Royalist army on its way through East Anglia to raise support for the King, was attacked by Lord-General Thomas Fairfax at the head of a Parliamentary force.

Tasciovanus

TenvantiusTenantius
Colchester is said to be the oldest recorded town in Britain on the grounds that it was mentioned by Pliny the Elder, who died in AD 79, although the Celtic name of the town, Camulodunon appears on coins minted by tribal chieftain Tasciovanus in the period 20–10 BC.
For a brief period c. 15–10 BC he issued coins from Camulodunum (Colchester), apparently supplanting Addedomarus of the Trinovantes.

Demonym

gentilicdemonymsinhabitants are called
The demonym is Colcestrian.

1884 Colchester earthquake

Colchester earthquakeearthquake of 1884Essex earthquake
In 1884, the town was struck by the Colchester earthquake, estimated to have been 4.7 on the Richter Scale causing extensive regional damage.
It caused considerable damage in Colchester and the surrounding villages in Essex.

Most Ancient European Towns Network

It was for a time the capital of Roman Britain, and is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network.

Charles Lucas

Charles, Lord LucasSir Charles Lucas
The Royalists surrendered in the late summer (on 27 August Lord Goring signed the surrender document in the Kings Head Inn) and Charles Lucas and George Lisle were executed in the grounds of Colchester Castle.
1625) of Colchester in Essex, by his wife Elizabeth Leighton, daughter of John Leighton of London, gentleman.