Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified

a pioneering workEgy kínai halottkém feljegyzéseiWashing Away of WrongsXi Yuan LuXiyuan Jilu
Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified or the Washing Away of Wrongs is a Chinese book written by Song Ci in 1247 during the Song Dynasty (960-1276) as a handbook for coroners.wikipedia
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Forensic science

forensicforensicsforensic scientist
The author combined many historical cases of forensic science with his own experiences and wrote the book with an eye to avoiding injustice.
The first written account of using medicine and entomology to solve criminal cases is attributed to the book of Xi Yuan Lu (translated as Washing Away of Wrongs ), written in China in 1248 by Song Ci (宋慈, 1186–1249), a director of justice, jail and supervision, during the Song dynasty.

Song Ci

Sung CheeSung TzuSòng Cí
Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified or the Washing Away of Wrongs is a Chinese book written by Song Ci in 1247 during the Song Dynasty (960-1276) as a handbook for coroners.
He was the first known anthropologist who wrote a groundbreaking book titled Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified (Xi Yuan Ji Lu).

Song dynasty

SongSouthern Song dynastyNorthern Song dynasty
Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified or the Washing Away of Wrongs is a Chinese book written by Song Ci in 1247 during the Song Dynasty (960-1276) as a handbook for coroners.
The physician and judge known as Song Ci (1186–1249) wrote a pioneering work of forensic science on the examination of corpses in order to determine cause of death (strangulation, poisoning, drowning, blows, etc.) and to prove whether death resulted from murder, suicide, or accidental death.

Forensic entomology

forensic entomologistforensic entomologistsentomologist
In The Washing Away of Wrongs, the first documented forensic entomology case is reported.
The Song Dynasty (960–1279) forensic science book Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified published by court judge, physician, medical scientist and writer Song Ci in 1247 contains the oldest known case of forensic entomology.

Witness to a Prosecution

Witness to a Prosecution IIA Witness to a Prosecution
Set during the Southern Song Dynasty of Mid-Imperial China, Witness to a Prosecution tells a fictionalised account of Chee's modest beginnings and the events leading to the creation of his book Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified, the world's earliest documentation of forensic science.

Chinese literature

literatureChineseChinese literary
Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified or the Washing Away of Wrongs is a Chinese book written by Song Ci in 1247 during the Song Dynasty (960-1276) as a handbook for coroners.

Autopsy

post-mortemautopsiespost mortem
No one else is allowed to write his autopsy report.

Incense

joss stickincense stickjoss sticks
A coroner must refrain from sitting comfortably behind a curtain of incense that masks the stench, letting his subordinates do the autopsy unsupervised, or allowing a petty official to write his autopsy report, otherwise any potential inaccuracy is unchecked and uncorrected.”

Feud

vendettablood feudvendettas
A wrongful death sentence without justice may claim one or more additional lives, which would in turn result in feuds and revenges, prolonging the tragedy.

Sickle

sicklessickle-shapedBagging hook
After further questioning, the investigator had all villagers bring their sickles and lay them out before the crowd.

Calliphoridae

blowfliesblowflyblow flies
Blow flies were attracted to a single sickle because invisible remnants of blood and tissue still adhered to it.

TVB

Timeline of entomology – prior to 1800

Timeline of entomology - prior to 1800
*The first documented forensic entomology case is reported by Song Ci in the medico-legal text book Xiyuan Jilu.

Shen Kuo

Shen KuaKuo, ShenShen Gua
Also, the later Song Dynasty judge and early forensic expert Song Ci (1186–1249) would promote the use of autopsy in order to solve homicide cases, as written in his Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified.

Society of the Song dynasty

A Chinese textbureaucratic examinationsfound in the Song dynasty
His famous work Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified was a basis for early forensic science in China.

Chinese alchemical elixir poisoning

alchemical elixir poisoningelixir poisoningelixirs" to promote health, longevity, or immortality
The forensic medical expert Song Ci was familiar with the effects of metal poisoning, and his c. 1235 Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified handbook for coroners gives a test for mercury poisoning: plunge a piece of gold into the intestine or tissues and see if a superficial amalgam forms.