Colognewikipedia
Cologne (Köln, Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, and its 1,075,935 (2016) inhabitants make it the fourth most populous city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich.
CologneKölnCologne, GermanyKöln, GermanyKolnCologne WCTCölnVolkhovenColonia Claudia Ara AgrippinensiumKoeln

Germany

GermanGermanyGermans
Cologne (Köln, Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, and its 1,075,935 (2016) inhabitants make it the fourth most populous city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich.
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Bremen, Dresden, Hannover, and Nuremberg.

Düsseldorf

DüsseldorfDüsseldorf, GermanyDusseldorf
Centred on the left bank of the Rhine, Cologne is about 45 km southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia's capital of Düsseldorf and 25 km northwest of Bonn.
Düsseldorf (, ; Low Franconian and Düsseldörp ), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital and, after Cologne, second most populous city of the most populous German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, as well as the seventh most populous city in Germany. At the confluence of the Rhine and its tributary Düssel, the city lies in the centre of both the Rhine-Ruhr and the Rhineland Metropolitan Regions with the Cologne/Bonn urban area to its south and the Ruhr to its north.

North Rhine-Westphalia

NRWNordrhein-WestfalenNorth-Rhine Westphalia
Cologne (Köln, Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, and its 1,075,935 (2016) inhabitants make it the fourth most populous city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich.
Düsseldorf is the state capital and Cologne is the largest city.

Rhine

RhineRiver RhineRhine River
The largest city on the Rhine, it is also the most populous city both of the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, which is Germany's largest and one of Europe's major metropolitan areas, and of the Rhineland. In order to weaken the secular nobility, who threatened his power, Otto endowed Bruno and his successors on the bishop's see with the prerogatives of secular princes, thus establishing the Electorate of Cologne, formed by the temporal possessions of the archbishopric and included in the end a strip of territory along the left Bank of the Rhine east of Jülich, as well as the Duchy of Westphalia on the other side of the Rhine, beyond Berg and Mark.
The largest city on the Rhine is Cologne, Germany, with a population of more than 1,050,000 people.

Bonn

BonnBonn, GermanyBonn-Beuel
Centred on the left bank of the Rhine, Cologne is about 45 km southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia's capital of Düsseldorf and 25 km northwest of Bonn. Cologne was under the command of Lieutenant-General Freiherr Roeder von Diersburg, who was responsible for military operations in Bonn, Siegburg, Aachen, Jülich, Düren, and Monschau.
About 24 km south-southeast of Cologne, Bonn is in the southernmost part of the Rhine-Ruhr region, Germany's largest metropolitan area, with over 11 million inhabitants.

University of Cologne

CologneCologne UniversityUniversity of Cologne
There are many institutions of higher education in the city, most notably the University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln), one of Europe's oldest and largest universities, the Technical University of Cologne (Technische Hochschule Köln), Germany's largest university of applied sciences, and the German Sport University Cologne (Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln), Germany's only sport university.
The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is a university in Cologne, Germany.

Gamescom

gamescomGamescom 2017Gamescom 2016
The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows such as Art Cologne, imm Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina.
Gamescom (stylized as gamescom) is a trade fair for video games held annually at the Koelnmesse in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Cologne Cathedral

cathedralCologneCathedral of Cologne
The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne.
Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche Sankt Petrus, English: Cathedral Church of Saint Peter) is a Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Northrhine-Westfalia, Germany.

Rhine-Ruhr

Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan RegionRhineRhine-Ruhr area
The largest city on the Rhine, it is also the most populous city both of the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, which is Germany's largest and one of Europe's major metropolitan areas, and of the Rhineland.
The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region spreads from Dortmund-Bochum-Essen-Duisburg (Ruhr Area) in the north, to the urban areas of the cities of Mönchengladbach, Düsseldorf (the state capital), Wuppertal, Leverkusen, Cologne (the region's largest and Germany's fourth largest city), and Bonn in the south.

Cologne Bonn Airport

Cologne/BonnCologneCologne Bonn Airport
Cologne Bonn Airport (Flughafen Köln/Bonn) is Germany's seventh-largest airport and lies in the southeast of the city.
Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn „Konrad Adenauer“, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, capital of the former West Germany.

Bombing of Cologne in World War II

CologneOperation Millenniumfirst 1,000 bomber raid
Cologne was one of the most heavily-bombed cities in Germany during World War II, with the Royal Air Force (RAF) dropping 34,711 long ton of bombs on the city.
The German city of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II, all by the Royal Air Force (RAF) but for a single failed post-capture test of a guided missile by the United States Army Air Forces.

Koelnmesse

koelnmesseKölner MesseCologne Trade Fair
The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows such as Art Cologne, imm Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina.
Koelnmesse GmbH (Cologne Trade Fair) is an international trade fair and exhibition center located in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Metropolitan regions in Germany

metropolitan regionmetropolitan regions in Germanymetropolitan region in Germany
The largest city on the Rhine, it is also the most populous city both of the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, which is Germany's largest and one of Europe's major metropolitan areas, and of the Rhineland.
Using a narrower definition of metropolises, only four cities surpass the threshold of at least one million inhabitants within its administrative borders, namely: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne.

Ripuarian Franks

RipuarianRipuariansFranks
The city functioned as the capital of the Roman province of Germania Inferior and as the headquarters of the Roman military in the region until occupied by the Franks in 462.
Ripuarian or Rhineland Franks (Latin: Ripuarii or Ribuarii) were one of the two main groupings of early Frankish people, and specifically it was the name eventually applied to the tribes who settled in the old Roman territory of the Ubii, with its capital at Cologne on the Rhine river in modern Germany.

Archbishop of Cologne

archbishop of CologneAuxiliary Bishop of Colognebishop of Cologne
The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne.
Since the early days of the Catholic Church, there have been ninety-four bishops and archbishops of Cologne.

Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium

CologneColoniaColonia Agrippina
Cologne was founded and established in Ubii territory in the 1st century AD as the Roman Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, the first word of which is the origin of its name.
Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium was the Roman colony in the Rhineland from which the German city of Cologne developed.

Art Cologne

International Art FairART CologneArt Cologne art fair
The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows such as Art Cologne, imm Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina.
Art Cologne is an art fair held annually in Cologne, Germany and was established in 1967 as Kölner Kunstmarkt.

Battle of Worringen

battle of WorringenBattle of Woeringen
Following the Battle of Worringen in 1288, Cologne gained its independence from the archbishops and became a Free City.
The Battle of Worringen was fought on 5 June 1288 near the town of Worringen (also spelled Woeringen), which is now the northernmost borough of Cologne.

Battle of Cologne

Colognebattle of Cologne
In 716, Charles Martel commanded an army for the first time and suffered the only defeat of his life when Chilperic II, King of Neustria, invaded Austrasia and the city fell to him in the Battle of Cologne.
The Battle of Cologne was fought near the city of Köln (English: Cologne) (now part of Germany) in the year 716.

Aachen

Aix-la-ChapelleAachenBad Aachen
Cologne was part of the French Département Roer (named after the river Roer, German: Rur) with Aachen (French: Aix-la-Chapelle) as its capital. Cologne was under the command of Lieutenant-General Freiherr Roeder von Diersburg, who was responsible for military operations in Bonn, Siegburg, Aachen, Jülich, Düren, and Monschau.
Aachen is the westernmost city in Germany, located near the borders with Belgium and the Netherlands, 61 km west south west of Cologne in a former coal-mining area.

Trade fair

trade fairtrade showtrade shows
The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows such as Art Cologne, imm Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina.

Technical University of Cologne

University of Applied SciencesTechnische Hochschule KölnTechnical University in Cologne
There are many institutions of higher education in the city, most notably the University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln), one of Europe's oldest and largest universities, the Technical University of Cologne (Technische Hochschule Köln), Germany's largest university of applied sciences, and the German Sport University Cologne (Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln), Germany's only sport university.
Technical University of Cologne (Technische Hochschule Köln, formerly Cologne University of Applied Sciences, abbreviated TH Köln) is a higher education institution in Cologne, Germany, established in 1971.

Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport

Butzweilerhof AirportButzweilerhofKöln-Butzweilerhof
When the British occupation ended, the prohibition of civil aviation was lifted and Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport soon became a hub for national and international air traffic, second in Germany only to Berlin Tempelhof Airport.
The Butzweilerhof is the former civil airport of Cologne.

Düren

Echtz and SchlichBirkesdorf, Düren
Cologne was under the command of Lieutenant-General Freiherr Roeder von Diersburg, who was responsible for military operations in Bonn, Siegburg, Aachen, Jülich, Düren, and Monschau.
Düren is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, between Aachen and Cologne on the river Rur.

Electorate of Cologne

CologneArchbishop-Elector of CologneArchbishop of Cologne
In order to weaken the secular nobility, who threatened his power, Otto endowed Bruno and his successors on the bishop's see with the prerogatives of secular princes, thus establishing the Electorate of Cologne, formed by the temporal possessions of the archbishopric and included in the end a strip of territory along the left Bank of the Rhine east of Jülich, as well as the Duchy of Westphalia on the other side of the Rhine, beyond Berg and Mark.
The capital of the electorate was Cologne.