Colonel

Col.Honorary ColonelColMiralayCoronelcolonelsOberstColonel of the RegimentColonelcyChef de Brigade
Colonel ( "kernel"; abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.wikipedia
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Regiment

Infantry Regimentregimentalregiments
Historically, in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a colonel was typically in charge of a regiment in an army. (The head of a single regiment or demi-brigade would be called a 'mestre de camp' or, after the Revolution, a 'chef de brigade'.)
By the end of the 17th century, regiments in most European armies were permanent units, numbering about 1,000 men and under the command of a colonel.

Military rank

rankwar substantivetemporary
However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank.
Below this was the syntagmatarchis, which can be translated as "leader of a regiment" (syntagma) and was therefore like a modern colonel.

Brigadier

Brig.BrigBrigadier General
The rank above colonel is typically called brigadier, brigade general or brigadier general.
In some countries, it is a senior rank above colonel, equivalent to a brigadier general, typically commanding a brigade of several thousand soldiers.

Brigadier general

Brigadier-Generalgeneral of brigadeBrig. Gen.
The rank above colonel is typically called brigadier, brigade general or brigadier general.
It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel and major general.

Captain (naval)

CaptainCapt.captains
Equivalent naval ranks may be called captain or ship-of-the-line captain.
The rank is equal to the army rank of colonel.

Group captain

Gp CaptG/CGp-Capt.
In the Commonwealth air force rank system, the equivalent rank is group captain.
Group captain has a NATO rank code of OF-5, meaning that it ranks above wing commander, immediately below air commodore and is the equivalent of the naval rank of captain and the rank of colonel in other services.

Lieutenant colonel

Lieutenant-ColonelLt. Col.Lt. Colonel
The rank of colonel is typically above the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Lieutenant colonel (pronounced Lef-ten-ent Kernel (UK & Commonwealth) or Loo-ten-ent Kernel (US)) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.

General officer

GeneralgeneralsGen.
Colonel ( "kernel"; abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.

Tercio

terciosSpanish Terciosterço
The Spanish equivalent rank of coronel was used by the Spanish tercios in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The rearward formations echeloned off on either side so that a unit called a coronelía ("colonelcy"), commanded by a colonel, was created.

Senior colonel

With the rise of communism, some of the large communist militaries saw fit to expand the colonel rank into several grades, resulting in the unique senior colonel rank, which was found and is still used in such nations as China and North Korea.
Senior colonel is an army officer rank placed between a regular colonel and a major general.

Ship-of-the-line captain

CaptainCapitaine de vaisseauLinienschiffskapitän
Equivalent naval ranks may be called captain or ship-of-the-line captain.
Captain is rank OF-5 in the NATO rank codes, and equates to the land-forces rank of full colonel.

Chef de brigade

chef de brigade (colonel)Chef-de-Brigade
(The head of a single regiment or demi-brigade would be called a 'mestre de camp' or, after the Revolution, a 'chef de brigade'.)
Chef de brigade was a military rank, equivalent to colonel, in the French Revolutionary army, in command of a demi-brigade.

Colonel (title)

Honorary ColonelColonelColonel-Commandant
Modern usage varies greatly, and in some cases, the term is used as an honorific title that may have no direct relationship to military service.
While the honor of colonel in this usage has no actual military role, the title did evolve from the military.

Mestre de camp

maître de campMestre-de-campmaestro de campo
(The head of a single regiment or demi-brigade would be called a 'mestre de camp' or, after the Revolution, a 'chef de brigade'.)
Mestre de camp or Maître de camp ("camp-master") was a military rank in the Ancien Régime of France, equivalent to colonel.

Oberst

ColonelOberst (Colonel)Oberst i.G.
Oberst is a military rank in several German-speaking and Scandinavian countries, equivalent to Colonel.

Syntagmatarchis

Syntagmatarkhes
Syntagmatarchis (Συνταγματάρχης, abbreviated Σχης), sometimes anglicised as Syntagmatarch, is used in modern Greek to denote the rank of Colonel.

Army

armiesground forcesLand force
Historically, in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a colonel was typically in charge of a regiment in an army.

Polkovnik

Colonelpolkovnykpułkownik
*პოლკოვნიკი (Polkovniki) Georgia.
Polkovnik is a military rank used mostly in Slavic-speaking countries which corresponds to a colonel in English-speaking states and oberst in several German-speaking and Scandinavian countries.

Colonel general

Colonel-GeneralGeneraloberstVezérezredes
In French usage of this period, the senior colonel in the army or, in a field force, the senior military contractor, was the colonel general and, in the absence of the sovereign or his designate, the colonel general might serve as the commander of a force.
Positions typically reserved for these ranks, such as brigade commanders, have always been occupied by colonels (polkovnik) or, very rarely, major generals (see History of Russian military ranks).

Miralay

BrigadierColonel
In the Ottoman Empire, the Ottoman ranks miralay and qaimaqam were formerly used instead of the current Arab ranks ʿamīd and ʿaqīd.
The modern Turkish equivalent is Albay, meaning Colonel.

Colonel (United Kingdom)

ColonelHonorary ColonelCol.
The ceremonial position is often conferred on retired general officers, brigadiers or colonels who have a close link to a particular regiment.

Sangjwa

Sangchwa
This is influenced by the former colonel insignia of the Soviet Union.

Cossacks

CossackUkrainian CossacksUkrainian Cossack
Since the 16th century, the rank of regimental commander was adopted by several Central and Eastern European armies, most notably the forces of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Cossacks and then Muscovy.

Kentucky Colonel

ColonelHonorable Order of Kentucky ColonelsColonels
Kentucky colonel is the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky.
When the Kentucky Militia was deactivated following the War of 1812, Governor Isaac Shelby commissioned Charles Stewart Todd, one of his officers in the campaign, as an aide-de-camp on the Governor's Staff with the rank and grade of colonel.