Map of the nine colonial colleges
Flags of Ivy League members fly over Columbia's Wien Stadium
Yale University's four-oared crew team, posing with the 1876 Centennial Regatta trophy.
The 1879 Brown varsity baseball team. W.E. White (seated second from right) may have been the first African-American to play major league baseball
Penn's ICAA track champions in 1907
Radcliffe College, one of the Seven Sisters, fully integrated with Harvard in 1999.
Yale rowing team in the annual Harvard–Yale Regatta, 2007
Nassau Hall (1756) at Princeton
University Hall (1770) at Brown University
An illustration of Cornell's rowing team. Rowing is often associated with traditional upper class New England culture
A cartoon portrait of the stereotypical Columbia man, 1902
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, third from left, top row, with his Harvard class in 1904
Harvard Law School students circa 1895
The Yale Bowl during a football game against Cornell
Brown plays Columbia in basketball, 2020
Penn (left) plays Cornell (right), 2019
Cornell and Princeton are longtime lacrosse rivals
Performance of a Greek play at Harvard Stadium in 1903
The Ingalls Rink, Yale's primary hockey facility

Seven of the nine colonial colleges became seven of the eight Ivy League universities: Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, University of Pennsylvania, Brown, and Dartmouth.

- Colonial colleges

All of the "Ivies" except Cornell were founded during the colonial period; they thus account for seven of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution.

- Ivy League

7 related topics


Arms of the University of Pennsylvania

University of Pennsylvania

Arms of the University of Pennsylvania
Benjamin Franklin was the primary founder, benefactor, President of the board of trustees, and a trustee of the Academy and College of Philadelphia, which merged with the University of the State of Pennsylvania to form the University of Pennsylvania in 1791 (Joseph Duplessis, c. 1785).
Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania
This statue of Benjamin Franklin, donated by Justus C. Strawbridge to the City of Philadelphia in 1899, now sits in front of College Hall.
Academy and College of Philadelphia (c. 1780), 4th and Arch Streets, Philadelphia, proposed and started to be built in 1740 as home of a charity school (including Dormitory built 1762, sketch circa 1770), whose debts and inactive trusts were assumed in 1750 by a school that became the University of Pennsylvania and used for that purpose from 1751 to 1801.
1755 Charter creating the College of Philadelphia
House intended for the President of the United States from Birch's Views of Philadelphia (1800), home of the University of Pennsylvania from 1801 to 1829
Ticket to a lecture given by Penn Medical School Professor Benjamin Rush
Ninth Street Campus (above Chestnut Street) image of Medical Hall taken in 1872, just before Penn moved to West Philadelphia
Ninth Street Campus (above Chestnut Street) in stereographic image: Medical Hall (left) and College Hall (right), both built 1829–1830
View looking Southwest to "College Hall" and then Logan Hall from corner of 34th Street and Woodland Avenue to intersection of 36th Street, Woodland Avenue and Locust Street (with trolley tracks visible on Woodland Avenue) circa 1892
University of Pennsylvania campus map, West Philadelphia published in 1915 by Rand McNally
Illustration of University of Pennsylvania campus from a Brief Guide to Philadelphia (1918)
Penn's first purpose built dormitory, in the foreground to the right of the classroom building, was built in 1765
Phi Delta Theta and Kappa Sigma
Psi Upsilon Fraternity a.k.a. The Castle
"The Upper Quad" (originally "The Triangle" or formally, "The Men's Dormitory"), taken from area near Brooks-Leidy portion (not visible in photo) of the Memorial Tower (dedicated in 1901 to the alumni who died in the Spanish-American War ) with the earliest buildings (including New York Alumni and Carruth) completed by 1895, now part of Fisher–Hassenfeld College House, facing to the left and buildings completed by 1906, now part of Ware College House, to the right of the tower.
Houston Hall, first college student union in United States
Franklin Institute's chief meteorologist, Dr. Jon Nese (left) and his production crew from WHYY-TV (right) pose in front of a portion of the original ENIAC computer, in the ENIAC museum on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania.
1757 Seal of the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania
Overlooking Lower Quad from Upper Quad
Franklin Field upon completion of 2nd tier in 1925.
Exterior of the Palestra in April 2007
Upper Quad Gate forming lower part of Memorial Tower (honoring the veterans of the Spanish American War)
View towards Center City Philadelphia over the University of Pennsylvania Campus Historic District with Huntsman Hall in the foreground
Wistar Institute's 7-story steel and glass 2014 building located next to brick 1897 building, both on Penn's main historic campus on North side of Spruce Street between 36th and 37th streets
Morris Arboretum
South Brook Farm (1st portion built in 1717 for Caleb Pusey), which University of Pennsylvania purchased in 1952 for its School of Veterinary Medicine (now known as New Bolton Center)
Fisher Fine Arts Library, also referred to as the Furness Library or simply the Fine Arts Library
Furness library circa 1915
1st floor Plan from 1891 for Penn's first stand alone library building as published in the Proceedings at the Opening of the University of Pennsylvania Library (1891)
Historic Interior of reading room of Penn's Fine Arts Library designed by Frank Furness
Van Pelt Library, Penn's Main Library
Simone Leigh creating (on February 26, 2019 in Philadelphia), a sculpture similar to her monumental 'Brick House' work.
June 2012 photo of the Covenant designed by artist Alexander Liberman and installed at Penn in 1975
March 2007 photo of Love created by Robert Indiana and installed in 1998 at Penn (as shown in photo, due South of Alpha Chapter of Phi Kappa Sigma fraternity also known as 'Skulls')
Sculpture of Young Ben Franklin depicting Franklin's arrival in Philadelphia as a 17-year-old immigrant from Boston of Massachusetts Bay Colony
University Museum and Warden Garden
Sphinx of Ramses II at the great temple of Ptah in Memphis circa 1200 BC
Penn Museum's black granite statue of Goddess Sekhmet excavated in Thebes in Ramesseum 1405-1367 BCE (Late 18th Dynasty) Egypt
Institute of Contemporary Art (popularly known as the ICA) is located just South of the Graduate Towers (residence hall for graduate and professional students) at corner of 36th Street and Sansom Street
Hill College House (photo taken in October 2010), University of Pennsylvania dormitory, designed, in 1958 to (house and cloister only female students) and resemble a castle with a drawbridge and moat, by Eero Saarinen, FAIA (who also designed the St. Louis Arch, the former TWA Flight Center at New York City's Kennedy Airport, and Dulles Airport).
'The Quad', formerly known as The Men's Dormitory, in photo taken (looking West from 'Lower Quad' to 'Junior Balcony') on Ides of March in 2014
Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity, built by George W. Childs Drexel as one of two mansions for his daughters
Smith Walk, view of Towne Building and Engineering Quad
Founded in 1751 by Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond, Pennsylvania Hospital is now part of University of Pennsylvania Health System and is the earliest established hospital in the United States, with the country's oldest surgical amphitheater.
Claudia Cohen Hall, formerly Logan Hall, home of the College of Arts and Sciences and former home of the Wharton School and originally, the medical school
ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic computer, was born at Penn in 1946.
Julian Abele first African American graduate of University of Pennsylvania School of Design
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was the first African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. in economics in the United States, to receive a law degree from Penn Law, and to practice law in Pennsylvania.
Alan L. Hart, MD, (on the right side of photo from EuroPride 2019 event) a Penn Med alumnus who was one of the first trans-men in United States to have a hysterectomy.
Edgar Fahs Smith (1854-1928) who was Penn provost from 1911 through 1920
Philomathean Society Graduation Diploma For Isaac Norton Jr., 1858.
the Philomathean Society Presidential library named after United States President and Penn Med alumnus William Henry Harrison
34th Street Logo (after 2017 Update)
The 1915–1916 Penn Glee Club
The band in 2019
Penn Band at 2019 Homecoming game
Penn Masala concert at the World Congress Center in Atlanta, Georgia
Maxfield Parrish's illustration of the winter 1895–1896 Mask and Wig program. Parrish also made mural and other art for Mask and Wig Clubhouse.
Mask and Wig Clubhouse (aka Welsh Coachhouse & Stable), 310 South Quince Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (stable built between 1843 and 1853, remodeled into clubhouse by Wilson Eyre Jr. 1894, altered by Eyre 1901), murals by Maxfield Parrish
1843 photo of University of Pennsylvania cricket team's first cricket ground, which was leased from the Union Club for regular periodic use by the Penn cricket team in 1846
George Patterson, president (in 1877) of University of Pennsylvania Cricket Team
Penn's eight-oared crew, 1901, first "foreign" crew to reach the final of the Grand Challenge Cup at Henley Royal Regatta
Penn Varsity rowers in 1911
Joe Burk (Wharton class of 1934 and crew coach 1950–1969), named "world's greatest oarsman" in 1938
The 1878 Penn Rugby team (Note that there are 15 players (plus a coach in top hat), as rugby teams fielded sides of 15, and the elongated ellipsoidal rugby ball (i.e., a prolate spheroid), designed for lateraling to the side and back and kicking, as it was and is against the rules in rugby football to pass the ball forward).
John Heisman (Penn Law class of 1892) rugby football player, posing at Penn in 1891 holding elongated ellipsoidal rugby ball (using gestures very close to the now-famous "Heisman Pose" gestures where a player extends the arm out in a stiff arm motion, holds the ball close to their body, and, in action not shown by Heisman, lifts one knee up; gestures all legal under both rugby and, later, gridiron football codes) (from Oberlin College)
Lithograph of University of Pennsylvania Rugby player (notice the ellipsoidal shape of the prolate spheroid ball that makes forward passes difficult) created in 1907 by F. Earl Christy
USA Olympic rugby team playing French Olympic rugby team on May 18, 1924, in the final rugby game of 1924 Olympics where USA team, led by player coach and Penn alumnus, Alan Valentine, won the gold medal.
Franklin Field, home to football, field hockey, lacrosse and track and field
Chuck Bednarik (aka "Concrete Charlie") excelled as a center on offense and a linebacker on defense, was a three-time All-American, and was inducted to the College and Pro Halls of Fame.
Senior Mark Zoller cuts down part of net after Penn clinched Ivy League title and trip to NCAA Tournament with an 86–68 victory over Yale on March 2, 2007, at the Palestra
Palestra interior in 2016
The winners of Men's Medley relay team that won Olympic gold medals at the 1908 London Olympics. Left to right, Nate Cartmell (University of Pennsylvania alumnus), John Taylor, (University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine (class of 1908), first black athlete in America to win a gold medal, Mel Sheppard, and William Hamilton.
University of Pennsylvania Men's Track team that was the 1907 IC4A point winner: Left to right: Guy Haskins, R.C. Folwell, T.R. Moffitt, John Baxter Taylor, Jr. (the first black athlete in America to win a gold medal in the Olympics), Nathaniel Cartmell, and seated, J.D. Whitham
Alvin Kraenzlein (Penn Dental School class of 1900) four-time gold medal winner in track events at the 1900 Olympic Games
George Orton, MA (Penn's Graduate School of Arts and Sciences class of 1894), Ph.D. (Penn Graduate School class of 1896), who spoke 9 languages and won 17 U.S. National Track and Field titles, was the first disabled athlete to win an Olympic gold "medal" in 1900 Olympics in Paris.
The Pennsylvania Hospital as painted by Pavel Svinyin in 1811|alt=
Perelman School of Medicine|alt=
Penn School of Dental Medicine|alt=
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (facing northwest towards front entrance)|alt=
Penn owned Princeton Medical Center, eastern facade|alt=
Francis Hopkinson, signed the Declaration of Independence and designed the first official American flag.
George Clymer, Founding Father; early advocate for complete independence from Britain
James Wilson, Founding Father; one of the six original justices appointed by George Washington to the Supreme Court of the United States
Benjamin Rush, Founding Father; surgeon general of the Continental Army
William Henry Harrison, 9th president of the United States
Donald Trump, 45th president of the United States
Martha Hughes Cannon, first female state senator elected in the United States
Ed Rendell, 45th governor of Pennsylvania; 96th mayor of Philadelphia
Jon Huntsman Jr., politician, businessman, and diplomat
Arlen Specter, former U.S. senator, majored in international relations and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1951.
William Brennan Jr., Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Kwame Nkrumah, first president of Ghana, and previously first prime minister of Ghana
Drew Gilpin Faust, 28th president of Harvard University
Doc Holliday, famed gunslinger, attended the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery.
William Wrigley, Jr., founder and eponym of the Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
Physician and poet William Carlos Williams graduated from Penn's School of Medicine
Ezra Pound, poet and critic; a major figure in the early modernist poetry movement
Noam Chomsky studied philosophy and linguistics at Penn, graduating with a BA in 1949, an MA in 1951 and a Ph.D. in 1955.
Warren Buffett, successful investor<ref>{{cite web|title=Ten great investors|url=|website=Incademy Investor Education|publisher=Harriman House Ltd.|access-date=November 20, 2015|url-status=dead|archive-url=|archive-date=November 20, 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Farrington |first=Robert |title=The top 10 investors of all time |url= |website=The College Investor |date=April 22, 2011 |access-date=November 20, 2015 |archive-url= |archive-date=November 20, 2015|url-status=live}}</ref>
Donald Arthur Norman, co-founder of the Nielsen Norman Group,<ref name="FABBS-Norman">{{Cite web|url=|title=In Honor Of... Donald Norman |website=Federation of Associations in Behavioral & Brain Sciences (FABBS) |language=en|access-date=September 13, 2020}}</ref> an IDEO fellow, and researcher and advocate of user-centered design
Elon Musk, a founder, CEO or both of all of: PayPal,<ref name="He Won't Back Down: Elon Musk">Preer, Robert (September 1, 2010). "He Won't Back Down: Elon Musk" {{Webarchive|url= |date=November 8, 2016}}, Wharton Magazine.</ref> Tesla,<ref name="">"Entrepreneur Elon Musk: Why It's Important to Pinch Pennies on the Road to Riches" {{Webarchive|url= |date=July 14, 2017}}, Knowledge@Wharton, May 27, 2009.</ref> SpaceX,<ref name="SpaceX Leadership: Elon Musk">SpaceX Leadership: Elon Musk {{webarchive|url= |date=May 16, 2014}}, SpaceX, November 21, 2011.</ref> OpenAI, The Boring Company and Neuralink
Tory Burch, fashion designer and founder of Tory Burch LLC
John Legend, musician and recipient of Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards
Stanley B. Prusiner, neurologist and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Christian B. Anfinsen, biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
I. M. Pei, Pritzker Prize-winning architect

The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn ) is a private Ivy League research university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The university, established as the College of Philadelphia in 1740, is one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the U.S. Declaration of Independence.

Coat of arms

Yale University

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Official seal used by the college and the university
Charter creating the Collegiate School, which became Yale College, October 9, 1701
A Front View of Yale-College and the College Chapel, printed by Daniel Bowen in 1786
Coat of arms of the family of Elihu Yale, after whom the university was named in 1718
Connecticut Hall, oldest building on the Yale campus, built between 1750 and 1753
First diploma awarded by Yale College, granted to Nathaniel Chauncey in 1702
Old Brick Row in 1807
Woolsey Hall c. 1905
Richard Rummell's 1906 watercolor of the Yale campus facing north
Yale Law School, located in the Sterling Law Building
Statue of Nathan Hale in front of Connecticut Hall
Harkness Tower
Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, as seen from Maya Lin's sculpture, Women's Table. The sculpture records the number of women enrolled at Yale over its history; female undergraduates were not admitted until 1969.
The Yale Bowl, the college football stadium located near Yale University
Economist and Nobel Prize laureate Paul Krugman graduated from Yale summa cum laude in 1974.
Jonathan Edwards College courtyard
Branford College courtyard
Saybrook College's Killingworth Courtyard
Hopper College courtyard
Berkeley College buildings
Trumbull College courtyard
Davenport College courtyard
Pierson College courtyard
Silliman College courtyard
Timothy Dwight College courtyard
Morse College courtyard
Ezra Stiles College courtyard
Benjamin Franklin College courtyard
Pauli Murray College courtyard

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

Founded in 1701 as the Collegiate School, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and among the most prestigious in the world.

Princeton University shield

Princeton University

Princeton University shield
Princeton University shield
The Log College, an influential aspect of Princeton's development
From 1760, the first picture of Nassau Hall
John Witherspoon, President of the college (1768–94) and signer of the Declaration of Independence
James McCosh, President of the college (1868–88)
Woodrow Wilson, President of Princeton University (1902–10) and 28th president of the United States
Pyne Hall, where the first female students lived on campus.
The eastern side of the Washington Road Elm Allée, one of the entrances to the campus
Nassau Hall, the university's oldest building and former capitol of the United States. Pictured in front is Cannon Green.
The Princeton University Art Museum, which holds over 112,000 objects
Finished in 1928, the Princeton University Chapel seats 2,000 people.
Christopher Eisgruber, the 20th and current president of the university
McCosh 50, the largest lecture hall on campus
A picture of Cleveland Tower, part of the Graduate School at Princeton
Firestone Library, the largest of Princeton's libraries
Founded in 1879, Ivy Club is the oldest and wealthiest eating club on campus
Whig Hall, where the American Whig-Cliosophic Society resides.
The McCarter Theatre, where the Princeton Triangle Club premiers its Triangle Show.
FitzRandolph Gates, which by tradition undergraduates do not exit until graduation.
Princeton's mascot is the tiger.
Princeton vs. Lehigh football, September 2007
The annual Cane Spree depicted in 1877
The Princeton University Class of 1879, which included Woodrow Wilson, Mahlon Pitney, Daniel Barringer, and Charles Talcott
alt=A picture of First College|First College (founded 1957)
alt=A picture of Forbes College|Forbes College (founded 1984)
alt=The exterior of Mathey College, specifically Blair Arch.|Mathey College (founded 1983)
alt=A picture of Rockefeller College|Rockefeller College (founded 1982)
alt=A picture showcasing the entrance to Butler College|Butler College (founded 1983)
alt=The exterior of Whitman College.|Whitman College (founded 2007)

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.

Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution.

Coat of arms

Brown University

Coat of arms
This 1792 engraving is the first published image of Brown. University Hall stands on right while the President's House sits on the left.
Following the gift of Nicholas Brown, Jr. (Class of 1786), the university was renamed in his honor
Slavery Memorial was designed by Martin Puryear and dedicated in 2014
The Van Wickle Gates stand at the crest of College Hill
The John Hay Library is home to rare books, special collections, and the university archives
The John Carter Brown Library is one of the world's leading repositories of books, maps, and manuscripts relating to the colonial Americas
The galleries of Brown's anthropology museum, the Haffenreffer, are located in Manning Hall
Three dormitories, Metcalf Hall (1919), Andrews Hall (1947), and Miller Hall (1910), formed the heart of Pembroke College and now serve as freshman residences
Robinson Hall (1878) was designed by Walker and Gould in the Venetian Gothic style to house Brown's library
The List Art Center, built 1969–71, designed by Philip Johnson, houses Brown's Department of Visual Art and the David Winton Bell Gallery
The Granoff Center, designed by Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Lyman Hall, built 1890–92, houses the Department of Theatre Arts and Performance Studies
Aerial view of the Brown University English department
The Brown Computing Laboratory, designed by Philip Johnson
The Brown University Engineering Research Center, completed in 2018 and designed by KieranTimberlake
Pembroke Hall (1897) houses the administrative offices of the Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women
Sayles Hall on the Main Green
The Alpert Medical School building on Richmond Street
The primary building of the Brown University School of Public Health viewed from across the Providence River
Many Spring Weekend events are hosted on Brown's Main Green
Ladd Observatory, built 1890–1891, is used by Brown Space Engineering, a student group focused on Aerospace engineering
The Brown University Band was founded in 1924
The Sarah Doyle Women's Center
The 1879 Brown baseball varsity, with W.E. White seated second from right. White's appearance in an 1879 major league game may be the first person of color to play professional baseball, 68 years before Jackie Robinson
Horace Mann, class of 1819, regarded as the father of American public education
Samuel Gridley Howe, class of 1821, abolitionist and advocate for the blind
John Hay, class of 1858, private secretary to Abraham Lincoln and U.S. Secretary of State
Charles Evans Hughes, class of 1881, Chief Justice of the United States and U.S. Secretary of State
John D. Rockefeller Jr., class of 1897, philanthropist and developer of Rockefeller Center
Lois Lowry, class of 1958, Newbery Medal-winning author of The Giver and Number the Stars
Ted Turner, class of 1960, founder of CNN, TBS, and WCW and philanthropist
John Sculley, class of 1961, former CEO of Apple Inc. and president of PepsiCo
Janet Yellen, class of 1967, first woman to serve as Chair of the Federal Reserve and U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
André Leon Talley, class of 1972, former editor-at-large and creative director of Vogue
Brian Moynihan, class of 1981, chairman and CEO of Bank of America
Ira Glass, class of 1982, radio personality and host of This American Life
Jim Yong Kim, class of 1982, 12th Pres. of the World Bank, 17th Pres. of Dartmouth
Dara Khosrowshahi, class of 1991, CEO of Uber, former CEO of Expedia Group
John F. Kennedy Jr., class of 1983, lawyer, journalist, and magazine publisher
Davis Guggenheim, class of 1986, Oscar-winning documentary filmmaker
Laura Linney, class of 1986, actress, recipient of 4 Emmy Awards and 3 time Oscar nominee
Julie Bowen, class of 1991, actress, six time Emmy Award nominee
Tracee Ellis Ross, class of 1994, actress, model, comedienne, and television host
Andrew Yang, class of 1996, businessman and U.S. presidential candidate
Chris Hayes, class of 2001, political commentator and host of All In with Chris Hayes
John Krasinski, class of 2001, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
A. G. Sulzberger, class of 2003, publisher of The New York Times
Emma Watson, class of 2014, actress, model, activist

Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island.

Founded in 1764 as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Brown is the seventh-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution.

Thirteen Colonies

The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies, the Thirteen American Colonies, or later as the United Colonies, were a group of British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America.

The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies, the Thirteen American Colonies, or later as the United Colonies, were a group of British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America.

The Thirteen Colonies (shown in red) in 1775, with modern borders overlaid
Thirteen Colonies of North America: Dark Red = New England colonies. Bright Red = Middle Atlantic colonies. Red-brown = Southern colonies.
1584 map of the east coast of North America from the Chesapeake Bay to Cape Lookout, drawn by the English colonial governor, explorer, artist, and cartographer John White. Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement, was established here in 1607.
The 1606 grants by James I to the London and Plymouth companies. The overlapping area (yellow) was granted to both companies on the stipulation that neither found a settlement within 100 mi of each other. The location of early settlements is shown. J: Jamestown; Q: Quebec; Po: Popham; R: Port Royal; SA: St. Augustine.
New Netherland: 17th-century Dutch claims in areas that later became English colonies are shown in red and yellow. (Present U.S. states in gray.) The English colonies of New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), Pennsylvania (PA) and Delaware (DE) are referred to as the 'middle colonies'.
Territorial changes following the French and Indian War; land held by the British before 1763 is shown in red, land gained by Britain in 1763 is shown in pink
Join, or Die. by Benjamin Franklin was recycled to encourage the former colonies to unite against British rule.
Map of the Thirteen Colonies (red) and nearby colonial areas (1763–1775) just before the Revolutionary War
Map of higher education in the 13 Colonies immediately prior to the American Revolution.

These colleges, known collectively as the colonial colleges were New College (Harvard), the College of William & Mary, Yale College (Yale), the College of New Jersey (Princeton), King's College (Columbia), the College of Philadelphia (University of Pennsylvania), the College of Rhode Island (Brown), Queen's College (Rutgers) and Dartmouth College.

The College of William & Mary and Queen's College later became public institutions while the other institutions account for seven of the eight private Ivy League universities.

Coat of arms

Columbia University

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Samuel Johnson, the first president of Columbia
King's College Hall, 1790
Crop of 1797 Taylor map of NYC showing "The College" at its Park Place (then Robinson Street) location. Note earlier location, Trinity Church, lower left.
The Gothic Revival library and law school buildings on the Madison Avenue campus
Low Memorial Library, c. 1900
Alma Mater
College Walk
Butler Library
Union Theological Seminary
Lamont Campus entrance in Palisades, New York
The entrance to the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Washington Heights
Access to Columbia is enhanced by the 116th Street–Columbia University subway station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line.
Van Amringe Quadrangle and Memorial
Low Memorial Library
The Barnard College Class of 1913 processes down the steps of Low Library.
Havemeyer Hall, a National Historic Chemical Landmark, where deuterium was discovered in 1931. Research conducted in Havemeyer has led to at least seven Nobel Prizes.
President Lee Bollinger presents the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction to Jeffrey Eugenides.
Copies of the Columbia Daily Spectator being sold during the 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike
The Art Deco cover of the November 1931 edition of the Jester, celebrating the opening of the George Washington Bridge
Pupin Hall, the physics building, showing the rooftop Rutherfurd Observatory
World Leaders Forum at Low Memorial Library
Earl Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its role in serving as a venue for meetings and dances of the Columbia Queer Alliance.
The Columbia University Marching Band in 2018
Alexander Hamilton: Founding Father of the United States; author of The Federalist Papers; first United States Secretary of the Treasury — King's College
John Jay: Founding Father of the United States; author of The Federalist Papers; first Chief Justice of the United States; second Governor of New York — King's College
Robert R. Livingston: Founding Father of the United States; drafter of the Declaration of Independence; first United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs — King's College
Gouverneur Morris: Founding Father of the United States; author of the United States Constitution; United States Senator from New York — King's College
DeWitt Clinton: United States Senator from New York; sixth Governor of New York; responsible for construction of Erie Canal — Columbia College
Barack Obama: 44th President of the United States; United States Senator from Illinois; Nobel laureate — Columbia College
Franklin D. Roosevelt: 32nd President of the United States; 44th Governor of New York — Columbia Law School
Theodore Roosevelt: 26th President of the United States; 25th Vice President of the United States; 33rd Governor of New York; Nobel laureate – Columbia Law School
Wellington Koo: acting President of the Republic of China; judge of the International Court of Justice — Columbia College, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
B. R. Ambedkar: Founding Father of India; architect of the Constitution of India; First Minister of Law and Justice — Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States — Columbia Law School
Neil Gorsuch: Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States — Columbia College
Charles Evans Hughes: 11th Chief Justice of the United States; 44th United States Secretary of State; 35th Governor of New York — Columbia Law School
Harlan Fiske Stone: 12th Chief Justice of the United States; 52nd United States Attorney General — Columbia Law School
William Barr: 77th and 85th United States Attorney General – Columbia College, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Hamilton Fish: 26th United States Secretary of State; United States Senator from New York; 16th Governor of New York — Columbia College
Madeleine Albright: 64th United States Secretary of State; first female Secretary of State — School of International and Public Affairs
Frances Perkins: fourth United States Secretary of Labor; first female member of any U.S. Cabinet — Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Robert A. Millikan: Nobel laureate; measured the elementary electric charge — Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Isidor Isaac Rabi: Nobel Laureate; discovered nuclear magnetic resonance — Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Julian S. Schwinger: Nobel laureate; pioneer of quantum field theory — Columbia College, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Milton Friedman: Nobel laureate, leading member of the Chicago school of economics — Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Simon Kuznets: Nobel laureate; invented concept of GDP; Milton Friedman's doctoral advisor — School of General Studies, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Alan Greenspan: 13th Chair of the Federal Reserve — Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Warren Buffett: CEO of Berkshire Hathaway; one of the world's wealthiest people — Columbia Business School
Herman Hollerith: inventor; co-founder of IBM – School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Robert Kraft: billionaire; owner of the New England Patriots; chairman and CEO of the Kraft Group — Columbia College
Richard Rodgers: legendary Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony award-winning composer; Pulitzer Prize winner — Columbia College
Langston Hughes: Harlem Renaissance poet, novelist, and playwright — School of Engineering and Applied Science
Zora Neale Hurston: Harlem Renaissance author, anthropologist, and filmmaker — Barnard College, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
Allen Ginsberg: poet; founder of the Beat Generation — Columbia College
Jack Kerouac: poet; founder of the Beat Generation — Columbia College
Isaac Asimov: science fiction writer; biochemist — School of General Studies, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
J. D. Salinger: novelist, The Catcher in the Rye — School of General Studies
Amelia Earhart: first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean — School of General Studies
Jake Gyllenhaal: actor and film producer — Columbia College
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Sonia Sotomayor
Kimberlé Crenshaw
Lee Bollinger
Franz Boas
Margaret Mead
Edward Sapir
John Dewey
Charles A. Beard
Max Horkheimer
Herbert Marcuse
Edward Said
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak
Orhan Pamuk
Edwin Howard Armstrong
Enrico Fermi
Chien-Shiung Wu
Tsung-Dao Lee
Jack Steinberger
Joachim Frank
Joseph Stiglitz
Jeffrey Sachs
Robert Mundell
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Eric Kandel
Richard Axel
Andrei Okounkov

Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in New York City.

It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League.

Dartmouth College

Eleazar Wheelock, Dartmouth College founder
The Charter of Dartmouth College on display in Baker Memorial Library. The charter was signed on December 13, 1769, on behalf of George III.
The earliest known image of Dartmouth appeared in the February 1793 issue of Massachusetts Magazine. The engraving may also be the first visual proof of cricket being played in the United States.
Lithograph of the President's House, Thornton Hall, Dartmouth Hall, and Wentworth Hall
College seal at the Collis Center
Baker Memorial Library
A view of East Campus from Baker Tower
Tuck School of Business
McNutt Hall, home to the Dartmouth Office of Undergraduate Admissions
Tower Room in Baker Memorial Library
Dartmouth Hall was reconstructed in 1906.
Drawing of Wilson Hall, Dartmouth's first library building, by architect Samuel J. F. Thayer (1842–1893), which appeared in American Architect and Building News in March 1885.
American elm on Dartmouth College campus, June 2011
The Hopkins Center
Sherman Fairchild Physical Sciences Center
Memorial Field
Robinson Hall houses many of the College's student-run organizations, including the Dartmouth Outing Club. The building is a designated stop along the Appalachian Trail.
Dartmouth Alpha Chi Alpha fraternity house
A Dartmouth varsity hockey game against Princeton at Thompson Arena
The 40th Dartmouth Powwow
Seal of Dartmouth College
Lord Hall, Allen House
Morton Hall, East Wheelock House
Woodward Hall, North Park House
Mid Massachusetts Hall, School House
Topliff Hall, South House
Russell Sage Hall, West House
Robert Frost, poet
Dr. Seuss, writer and illustrator
Henry Paulson, former CEO of Goldman Sachs and United States Secretary of the Treasury
Timothy Geithner, former United States Secretary of the Treasury
Salmon Chase, former Chief Justice of the U.S.
Daniel Webster, former Secretary of State
Nelson Rockefeller, former Vice President of the United States
Kirsten Gillibrand, United States senator
Robert Reich, former United States Secretary of Labor, political commentator, professor, and author
Sarah Wayne Callies, actress
Mindy Kaling, actress and comedian
Connie Britton, actress, singer and producer
Shonda Rhimes, television producer and writer
Brad Ausmus, baseball player
Jake Tapper, journalist, author, and commentator
David Benioff, screenwriter and television producer, writer, and director
Fred Rogers, television personality
Rachel Dratch, comedian

Dartmouth College is a private Ivy League research university in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States.

Established in 1769 by Eleazar Wheelock, it is the ninth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution.