A report on Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866)

The Colony of British Columbia in 1863
Sir James Douglas, first governor of the Colony of British Columbia
A portion of the Cariboo Road in the Fraser Canyon, c. 1867
Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Aelbert Cuyp
Moody designed the first Coat of arms of British Columbia

Crown colony in British North America from 1858 until 1866 that was founded by Richard Clement Moody, who was selected to 'found a second England on the shores of the Pacific', who was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for British Columbia and the first Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

- Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866)

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British Columbia

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Westernmost province of Canada.

Westernmost province of Canada.

British Columbia's geography is epitomized by the variety and intensity of its physical relief, which has defined patterns of settlement and industry since colonization.
Outline map of British Columbia with significant cities and towns
Köppen climate types in British Columbia
The Strait of Georgia, near Vancouver
Shuswap Lake as seen from Sorrento
The Okanagan region has a climate suitable to vineyards.
Mount Robson, Canadian Rockies
Odaray Mountain and Lake O'Hara
Yoho National Park
Cheakamus Lake in Garibaldi Provincial Park
Humpback whale in Sooke coast
'Namgis Thunderbird Transformation Mask, 19th century
Fort San Miguel at Nootka in 1793
Kwakwaka'wakw house pole, second half of the 19th century
Fort Rupert, Vancouver Island, 1851
Cattle near the Maas by Dutch painter Aelbert Cuyp. Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Cuyp.
Victoria, 1864
Lord Strathcona drives the Last Spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway, at Craigellachie, November 7, 1885. Completion of the transcontinental railroad was a condition of British Columbia's entry into Confederation.
Memorial to the "last spike" in Craigellachie
Statue of Queen Victoria outside the British Columbia Parliament Buildings in Victoria
Internment camp for Japanese Canadians during World War II
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W.A.C. Bennett, 25th premier of British Columbia
British Columbia's pavilion for Expo 86, Vancouver
The Coquihalla Highway was one of the legacies of the Expo 86 world's fair, though creation of the toll highway sparked controversy. Tolling was removed in 2008.
The cauldron of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver
Population density map of British Columbia, with regional district borders shown
The Vancouver skyline
Canada Place in Downtown Vancouver
Entrance to Telus Garden
The British Columbia Parliament Buildings in Victoria
Coat of arms' escutcheon of the current lieutenant governor
John Horgan is premier, BC's head of government.
The meeting chamber of the Legislative Assembly
The flower of the Pacific dogwood is often associated with British Columbia.
The Alex Fraser Bridge on Highway 91 between Richmond and Delta
British Columbia Highway 1 near Brentwood, Burnaby
CPR train traversing the Stoney Creek Bridge
Spirit of Vancouver Island S-class ferry
Ice sailing in Whistler
Shoreline Trail in Victoria
Hatley Castle on the campus of Royal Roads University
Aerial view of Simon Fraser University in Burnaby
Quest University Canada Academic Building, aerial view

The Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866) was subsequently founded by Richard Clement Moody, and by the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.

Richard Clement Moody, 1859

Richard Clement Moody

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British governor, engineer, architect, and soldier.

British governor, engineer, architect, and soldier.

Richard Clement Moody, 1859
Richard Clement was born, in 1813, at St. Ann's Garrison, Bridgetown, Barbados.
Richard Clement Moody became Head of School at Royal Military Academy, Woolwich at 15 years of age.
Moody was the founder of British Columbia
Moody designed the first Coat of arms of British Columbia

Moody, who is considered to be the founding father of British Columbia, founded the Colony of British Columbia, when he was selected to 'found a second England on the shores of the Pacific' by Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton, who desired to send to the nascent Colony 'representatives of the best of British culture' who had 'courtesy, high breeding, and urbane knowledge of the world'.

Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Aelbert Cuyp

Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment

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Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Aelbert Cuyp
Moody designed the first Coat of arms of British Columbia

The Columbia Detachment of the Royal Engineers was a contingent of the Royal Engineers of the British Army that was responsible for the foundation of British Columbia as the Colony of British Columbia (1858–66).

James Douglas with Order of the Bath honours

James Douglas (governor)

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James Douglas with Order of the Bath honours
Lady Amelia Connolly Douglas, his wife
The Douglas Obelisk
Statue of Douglas, at Fort Langley National Historic Site in Fort Langley, BC
Grave of Sir James Douglas at Ross Bay Cemetery in Victoria, BC

Sir James Douglas (August 15, 1803 – August 2, 1877), was a British Columbian fur trader and politician who became the first Governor of the Colony of British Columbia.

New Westminster

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City in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada, and a member municipality of the Metro Vancouver Regional District.

City in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada, and a member municipality of the Metro Vancouver Regional District.

A view of New Westminster from the Fraser River, c. 1865
Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Aelbert Cuyp.
Coquitlam City, of New Westminster
City of New Westminster in flames, September 10, 1898
The BC Penitentiary being constructed c. 1877
Contrasting views of Columbia Street in 1932 and 2008
A replica of a Queen Anne house opposite Queens Park
View towards the West End and Uptown neighbourhoods from the Queensborough Bridge
Westminster Quay
May Day celebrations in 1913. Young girls dance around a maypole.
The May Queen c. 1887
Wayne Wright sets off an anvil shot during the 2008 Ancient and Honourable Hyack Anvil Battery Salute.
New Westminster Bridge
An Expo Line train approaching New Westminster station
Memorial cairn at Grimston Park in New Westminster

It was founded by Major-General Richard Moody as the capital of the new-born Colony of British Columbia in 1858, and continued in that role until the Mainland and Island Colonies were merged in 1866.

Fraser Canyon Gold Rush

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Discovered on the Thompson River in British Columbia at its confluence with the Nicoamen River a few miles upstream from the Thompson's confluence with the Fraser River at present-day Lytton.

Discovered on the Thompson River in British Columbia at its confluence with the Nicoamen River a few miles upstream from the Thompson's confluence with the Fraser River at present-day Lytton.

Cabin on the Fraser, B.C., "The Bacon is Cooked", About 1862

It was the catalyst for the founding of the Colony of British Columbia, the building of early road infrastructure, and the founding of many towns.

Colony of British Columbia (1866–1871)

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The modern Canadian province of British Columbia has the same boundaries as its colonial predecessor.
The modern Canadian province of British Columbia has the same boundaries as its colonial predecessor.

The Colony of British Columbia was a British Crown Colony that resulted from the amalgamation of the two former colonies, the Colony of Vancouver Island and the mainland Colony of British Columbia.

Colony of Vancouver Island

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Crown colony of British North America from 1849 to 1866, after which it was united with the mainland to form the Colony of British Columbia.

Crown colony of British North America from 1849 to 1866, after which it was united with the mainland to form the Colony of British Columbia.

The Great Seal of the Island of Vancouver and its Dependencies was designed by Benjamin Wyon, Chief Engraver of Her Majesty's Seals, c. 1849. The badge he designed is the basis for the unofficial flag of Vancouver Island that debuted in 1988.
Sir James Douglas, second Governor of Vancouver Island
Amor De Cosmos, editor of the Daily Colonist, was an ardent opponent of the "family-company compact" of Bay men and Douglas associates who controlled the colony.
Sir Arthur Kennedy, third and last Governor of Vancouver Island

To exert its legal authority, and undercut any HBC claims to the resource wealth of the mainland, the district was converted to a Crown colony on 2 August 1858, and given the name British Columbia.

Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia

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Viceregal representative of the, in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

Viceregal representative of the, in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

First lieutenant governor of the Province of British Columbia, Sir Joseph William Trutch KCMG, 1871–1876
Standard of the lieutenant governor of British Columbia from 1906 to 1982
Standard of the lieutenant governor of British Columbia from 1871 to 1906

The first British settlement in the area was the Colony of British Columbia (1858–66), of which the first lieutenant governor, from 1858 to 1863, was Richard Clement Moody, who had previously served as the first governor of the Falkland Islands.

Vancouver Island

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Island in the northeastern Pacific Ocean and part of the Canadian province of British Columbia.

Island in the northeastern Pacific Ocean and part of the Canadian province of British Columbia.

A Kwakwakaʼwakw wedding ceremony in 1914
Dionisio Alcalá Galiano was the first European to circumnavigate Vancouver Island
The Great Seal of the Island of Vancouver and its Dependencies was designed by Benjamin Wyon, Chief Engraver of Her Majesty's Seals, c. 1849. The symbolic badge he designed was the basis for the flag of Vancouver Island, which is still unofficially flown today.
The flag of Vancouver Island was authorized in 1865 (colonies could place their badges upon the fly of a blue ensign). This flag uses the Colonial Seal of Vancouver Island from 1849. The flag was probably never actually flown in colonial times, but is used today as an unofficial representative flag.
Topographic map of Vancouver Island
Köppen climate types in Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands
The centre of Vancouver Island contains high mountains, such as Golden Hinde.
The western side of Vancouver Island hosts a rainforest.
View from Mount Maguire in East Sooke Regional Park towards Washington
Northern resident orca Springer with her first calf in 2013.
Megaptera novaeangliae off the coast of Sooke
Long Beach, Tofino
Fireworks on August 15th at the Tofino pier
Campsite at Mystic Beach
BC Ferries MV Spirit of Vancouver Island, en route from Swartz Bay to Tsawwassen

The economic situation of the colony declined following the Cariboo Gold Rush of 1861–1862, and pressure grew for amalgamation of the colony with the mainland colony of British Columbia (which had been established in 1858).