A report on Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866)

The Colony of British Columbia in 1863
Sir James Douglas, first governor of the Colony of British Columbia
A portion of the Cariboo Road in the Fraser Canyon, c. 1867
Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Aelbert Cuyp
Moody designed the first Coat of arms of British Columbia

Crown colony in British North America from 1858 until 1866 that was founded by Richard Clement Moody, who was selected to 'found a second England on the shores of the Pacific', who was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for British Columbia and the first Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

- Colony of British Columbia (1858–1866)

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Edward Bulwer-Lytton

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English writer and politician.

English writer and politician.

Edward Bulwer-Lytton. His Harold, the Last of the Saxons (1848) was the source for Verdi's opera Aroldo.
Bulwer-Lytton in later life
Caricature by Ape published in Vanity Fair in 1870
1849 printing of Pelham with Hablot K. Browne (Phiz) frontispiece: Pelham's electioneering visit to the Rev. Combermere St Quintin, who is surprised at dinner with his family.

Moody was charged to establish British order and transform the newly established Colony of British Columbia (1858–66) into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west" and "found a second England on the shores of the Pacific."

Map of the lands in dispute

Oregon Treaty

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Treaty between the United Kingdom and the United States that was signed on June 15, 1846, in Washington, D.C. The treaty brought an end to the Oregon boundary dispute by settling competing American and British claims to the Oregon Country; the area had been jointly occupied by both Britain and the U.S. since the Treaty of 1818.

Treaty between the United Kingdom and the United States that was signed on June 15, 1846, in Washington, D.C. The treaty brought an end to the Oregon boundary dispute by settling competing American and British claims to the Oregon Country; the area had been jointly occupied by both Britain and the U.S. since the Treaty of 1818.

Map of the lands in dispute

The British portion remained unorganized until 1858, when the Colony of British Columbia was set up as a result of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush and fears of the re-asserted American expansionist intentions.

New Caledonia (Canada)

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Fur-trading district of the Hudson's Bay Company that comprised the territory of the north-central portions of present-day British Columbia, Canada.

Fur-trading district of the Hudson's Bay Company that comprised the territory of the north-central portions of present-day British Columbia, Canada.

The name given the new entity was the Colony of British Columbia, and a new capital, New Westminster was established on the southern reaches of the Fraser River.

Lytton, British Columbia

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Village of about 250 residents in southern British Columbia, Canada, on the east side of the Fraser River and primarily the south side of the Thompson River, where it flows southwesterly into the Fraser.

Village of about 250 residents in southern British Columbia, Canada, on the east side of the Fraser River and primarily the south side of the Thompson River, where it flows southwesterly into the Fraser.

Lytton's welcome sign
The confluence of the Fraser and Thompson rivers showing the mixing of the two different coloured waters. Botanie Mountain right background, Lillooet Ranges at left.
Street sign in Lytton

This event was held as part of the Village of Lytton's BC150 celebrations, which marked the 150th anniversary of the date that the community received its name, in addition to the province-wide celebration of the establishment of the original Colony of British Columbia on August 2, 1858.

Yale, British Columbia

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Unincorporated town in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

Unincorporated town in the Canadian province of British Columbia.

Historic Yale church

The unrest threatened the rule of the Crown over the Mainland (or "New Caledonia" as it was called before the creation of the mainland colony.

Cap badge of the Corps of Royal Engineers

Royal Engineers

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Corps of the British Army.

Corps of the British Army.

Cap badge of the Corps of Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers recruitment poster
Corps of Royal Engineers Cypher
The Royal Albert Hall, designed by Captain Francis Fowke RE
Drop Redoubt.
Pentonville Prison designed by Capt Joshua Jebb RE
1848 Woodcut of HMD Bermuda, Ireland Island, Bermuda.
Slip 7 at Chatham Dockyard, designed by Col. G. Greene RE
Slip 3 at Chatham Dockyard, designed and built by the Corps
ME – Fabricator in Iraq
ME – Armoured operating an AVRE in Canada
Combat Engineers prepare a bridge for demolition in Malaya.
Royal Engineers' Surveyors in Europe
Combat Engineers of 20 Field Squadron, 36 Engineer Regiment practice landmine clearance.
Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers, Bobin, on D Day
RE Plant Operators construct foundations for a new bridge in Workington after floods
Sappers launching a Logistic Support Bridge at Workington in order to reduce effects of collapsed bridges
TROJAN AVRE with Full Width Mine Plough and Fascine.
HQ Royal School of Military Engineering.
Camp Gate Flag of the Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers' Ensign
Rochester Castle from across the Medway. Engraving from image by G.F. Sargent c1836.
Rochester Cathedral from the West
Musicians from the Band of the Corps of Royal Engineers during a Medals Parade for 32 Engineer Regiment.
The Ravelin Building at the Royal School of Military Engineering, Chatham, is now home to the Institution and the Corps Museum.
Un-defaced Blue Ensign flown by members of the REYC.
REYC Burgee.
The Royal Engineers pictured in 1872. Back: Merriman, Ord, Marindin, Addison, Mitchell; Front: Hoskyns, Renny-Tailyour, Creswell, Goodwyn, Barker, Rich.
Rorke's Drift, 22–23 January 1879, a battle fought under the command of Lt. John Chard, RE. Eleven Victoria Crosses were won during the battle, including one by Chard. Painting by Alphonse de Neuville

The Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, which was commanded by Colonel Richard Clement Moody, was responsible for the foundation and settlement of British Columbia as the Colony of British Columbia.

Columbia District

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Fur trading district in the Pacific Northwest region of British North America in the 19th century.

Fur trading district in the Pacific Northwest region of British North America in the 19th century.

Map of the Columbia River and its tributaries showing modern political boundaries. In 1811 David Thompson was the first European to journey the entire length of the Columbia.
Map of the route of the York Factory Express, 1820s to 1840s, with modern political boundaries shown

With the creation of the Crown Colony on the British mainland north of the then-Washington Territory in 1858, Queen Victoria chose to use Columbia District as the basis for the name Colony of British Columbia, i.e. the remaining British portion of the former Columbia District.

Hope, British Columbia

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District municipality at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

District municipality at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

The Fraser River west of Hope
The Coquihalla River near Hope
Totem overlooking Fraser River in downtown Hope
Lake and mountain view, Hope
Friendship Garden
Ogilvie Peak rises some 1,800 m above the east shore of Kawkawa Lake and is the southwesternmost summit of the Coquihalla Range of the Cascade Mountains.

Hope became part of the new British colony of British Columbia when it was created on 2 August 1858.

Fort Langley

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Village community in Township of Langley, British Columbia, Canada.

Village community in Township of Langley, British Columbia, Canada.

Historic heritage buildings on Mavis Avenue
The 'Morrow House' building (now owned by Antrim Investments) can be seen here behind the Horse Chestnut trees that line Glover Road
Heritage style Fort Mall
Fort Langley Community Hall
View of Bedford Channel
Glover Road in Fort Langley Downtown
Fort Langley Cranberry Festival 2013

As Simpson feared, when the Oregon Boundary Dispute was finally settled in 1846, the border was established as 49 N. In the days before the Colony of Vancouver Island and the Colony of British Columbia united, Governor Sir James Douglas chose Fort Langley to be the provisional colonial capital.

Stickeen Territories

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A territory of British North America whose brief existence began July 19, 1862, and concluded July of the following year.

A territory of British North America whose brief existence began July 19, 1862, and concluded July of the following year.

The new territory, named after the Stikine River, was under the responsibility of the Governor of the Colony of British Columbia, James Douglas, who was appointed "Administrator of the Stickeen Territories" and under British law, within the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of British Columbia.