Colony of Natal

NatalGovernor of the Colony of NatalLieutenant-governor of the Colony of NatalNatal, South AfricaNatal ColonyNorthern Natala separate colonyBritish colonyBritish NatalBritish Natal Contingent
The Colony of Natal was a British colony in south-eastern Africa.wikipedia
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Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
It was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia, and on 31 May 1910 combined with three other colonies to form the Union of South Africa, as one of its provinces.
It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal, and the Orange River Colony.

KwaZulu-Natal

NatalZululandKwaZulu-Natal Province
It is now the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa.
During the 1830s and early 1840s, the northern part of what is now KwaZulu-Natal was occupied by the Zulu Kingdom while the southern part was, briefly, the Boer republic of Natalia before becoming, in 1843, the British Colony of Natal.

Natalia Republic

NataliaNatalRepublic of Natalia
It was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia, and on 31 May 1910 combined with three other colonies to form the Union of South Africa, as one of its provinces.
The republic was annexed by Britain in 1843 to form the Colony of Natal.

Zulu Kingdom

ZululandZuluZulus
It was originally only about half the size of the present province, with the north-eastern boundaries being formed by the Tugela and Buffalo rivers beyond which lay the independent Kingdom of Zululand (KwaZulu in Zulu).
The area was subsequently absorbed into the Colony of Natal and later became part of the Union of South Africa.

Francis Farewell

In 1823 Francis Farewell, formerly a lieutenant in the British navy, with other merchants of Cape Town, formed a company to trade with the natives of the south-east coast.
Francis George Farewell (1784–1829) was the founder of the Port Natal Colony in South Africa.

Cape Town

Cape Town, South AfricaCapeCape Town, Western Cape
In 1823 Francis Farewell, formerly a lieutenant in the British navy, with other merchants of Cape Town, formed a company to trade with the natives of the south-east coast.
In 1910, Britain established the Union of South Africa, which unified the Cape Colony with the two defeated Boer Republics and the British colony of Natal.

Henry Francis Fynn

Francis FynnHenry Fynn
He went on with ten companions, among them Henry Francis Fynn.
Henry Francis Fynn (29 March 1803 in Grosvenor Square, London, England – 20 September 1861 in Durban, Natal, South Africa) was an English traveler and trader.

Diocese of Natal

Natalbishop of NatalBishop of Maritzburg
John Colenso, appointed bishop of Natal, arrived in 1854.
The history of the Diocese in the Colony of Natal starts with the consecration of John William Colenso as bishop on St Andrew's Day, 30 November 1853, at Lambeth Parish Church.

Zulu people

ZuluZulusamaZulu
Fierce conflict with the Zulu population led to the evacuation of Durban, and eventually the Boers accepted British annexation in 1844 under military pressure.
In-fighting between the Zulu continued for years, until Zululand was absorbed fully into the British colony of Natal.

Pretoria

Pretoria, GautengPretoria, South AfricaSilverton
On 15 December 1876, Sir Shepstone with 25 troopers from the Natal Mounted Police and others set out from Pietermaritzburg to Pretoria to annex the Transvaal; arriving on 27 January 1877 to a cordial reception.
The Boer Republics of the ZAR and the Orange River Colony were united with the Cape Colony and Natal Colony in 1910 to become the Union of South Africa.

Crown colony

crown coloniesBritish coloniesBritish crown colony
The Colony of Natal was a British colony in south-eastern Africa.

Anglo-Zulu War

Zulu WarZulu WarsZulu
Nonetheless, tensions between the British colonists and the Zulu continued to build, culminating in the Anglo-Zulu War.
Natal in south-eastern Africa was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia.

John Colenso

Bishop ColensoColensoBishop John Colenso
John Colenso, appointed bishop of Natal, arrived in 1854.
Using the printing press he brought to his missionary station at Ekukhanyeni in Natal, and with William Ngidi he published the first Zulu Grammar and English/Zulu dictionary.

Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
The Second Boer War broke out on 11 October 1899 with the Boer seizure of a Natal train on the Orange Free State border.
British military efforts were aided by Cape Colony, the Colony of Natal and some native African allies, and further supported by volunteers from the British Empire, including Southern Africa, the Australian colonies, Canada, India and New Zealand.

Siege of Ladysmith

Ladysmithdefence of LadysmithRelief of Ladysmith
The Siege of Ladysmith lasted until 28 February 1900, when the town was relieved by forces under Redvers Buller.
The Siege of Ladysmith was a protracted engagement in the Second Boer War, taking place between 2 November 1899 and 28 February 1900 at Ladysmith, Natal.

Harry Escombe

In 1881 a harbour board was formed under the chairmanship of Harry Escombe.
The following year he moved to the Colony of Natal, and, after trying other occupations, qualified as an attorney.

Martin West (colonial administrator)

Martin West
However, it was not until the end of 1845 that an effective administration was installed with Martin West as lieutenant-governor that the power of the Boer Volksraad finally came to an end.
From this post, he was appointed the first Lieutenant-Governor and the first civilian administrator of the Colony of Natal in 1845, still a dependency of the Cape.

Relief of Ladysmith

Ladysmith Relief ForceLadysmithrelieve Ladysmith
The Siege of Ladysmith lasted until 28 February 1900, when the town was relieved by forces under Redvers Buller.
The Colony of Natal was bisected from east to west by the Tugela River which rose in the Drakensberg (to the west) and flowed into the Indian Ocean to the east.

Indian South Africans

IndianIndiansIndian or Asian
As a result of the importation of Indian labourers, Durban became the home to the largest concentration of Indians outside India.
They were transported as indentured labourers to work on the sugarcane plantations of Natal Colony, and, in total, approximately 150,000 Indians arrived as indentured labourers over a period of 5 decades, later also as indentured coal miners and railway workers.

Natal (province)

NatalNatal, South AfricaZululand
It was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia, and on 31 May 1910 combined with three other colonies to form the Union of South Africa, as one of its provinces.
Colony of Natal (1843–1910)

Cape Colony

Cape of Good HopeCapeGovernor of the Cape of Good Hope
A British governor was appointed to the region and many settlers emigrated from Europe and the Cape Colony. In 1898, Natal entered the Customs Union already existing between Cape Colony and the Orange Free State.

Benjamin Pine

Sir Benjamin PineBenjamin Chilley CampbellSir Benjamin Chilley Campbell Pine
Benjamin Chilley Campbell Pine (1st time) (19 April 1850 – 3 March 1855)
Sir Benjamin Chilley Campbell Pine (1809–1891) was at various times administrator of Natal, the Gold Coast, Antigua, the Leeward Islands and Western Australia.

Orange Free State

Free StateOrange Free State RepublicRepublic of the Orange Free State
The Second Boer War broke out on 11 October 1899 with the Boer seizure of a Natal train on the Orange Free State border. In 1898, Natal entered the Customs Union already existing between Cape Colony and the Orange Free State.
The year in which the treaty with Moshoeshoe was made, several large parties of Boers recrossed the Drakensberg into the country north of the Orange, refusing to remain in Natal when the British annexed the newly formed Boer Republic of Natalia to form the Colony of Natal.

Robert William Keate

R. W. KeateRobert Keate
Robert William Keate (24 May 1867 – 19 July 1872)
Robert William Keate (16 June 1814 – 17 March 1873) was a career British colonial governor, serving as Commissioner of the Seychelles from 1850 to 1852, Governor of Trinidad from 1857 to 1864, Lieutenant-governor of the Colony of Natal from 1867 to 1872, and Governor of Gold Coast from 7 March 1873 to 17 March 1873.

Mahatma Gandhi

GandhiMohandas GandhiMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
As early as 1893, when Gandhi arrived in Durban, Indians made up almost half of the non-African population, and by 1904 Indians outnumbered whites in Natal.
He accepted it, knowing that it would be at least one-year commitment in the Colony of Natal, South Africa, also a part of the British Empire.