Color photography

colour photographycolorcolour filmcolor filmcolor photographscolor photographcolourcolour photographcolor filmscolor photo
Color photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.wikipedia
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James Clerk Maxwell

MaxwellJ. C. MaxwellJames Maxwell
The foundation of virtually all practical color processes, the three-color method was first suggested in an 1855 paper by Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, with the first color photograph produced by Thomas Sutton for a Maxwell lecture in 1861.
He is also known for presenting the first durable colour photograph in 1861 and for his foundational work on analysing the rigidity of rod-and-joint frameworks (trusses) like those in many bridges.

Levi Hill

HillotypeLevi L. Hill
The quality and range of the colour was sometimes severely limited mainly to primary colours, as in the chemically complicated "Hillotype" process invented by American daguerreotypist Levi Hill around 1850.
Levi Hill (26 February 1816 − 9 February 1865) was an American minister in upstate New York who claimed in 1851 that he had invented a color photographic process.

Black and white

black-and-whiteblack and white filmblack & white
By contrast, black-and-white (monochrome) photography records only a single channel of luminance (brightness) and uses media capable only of showing shades of gray.
Colour photography was originally rare and expensive and again often containing inaccurate hues.

Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky

Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-GorskiiProkudin-GorskySergei Prokudin-Gorsky
It was probably this Miethe-Bermpohl camera which was used by Miethe's pupil Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii to make his now-celebrated color photographic surveys of Russia before the 1917 revolution.
He is best known for his pioneering work in colour photography and his effort to document early 20th-century Russia.

Photography

photographerphotographicstill photography
Color photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.
Color photography was explored beginning in the 1840s.

Autochrome Lumière

autochromeautochromesAutochrome Lumiere
The first commercially successful color process, the Lumière Autochrome, invented by the French Lumière brothers, reached the market in 1907.
The Autochrome Lumière is an early color photography process patented in 1903 by the Lumière brothers in France and first marketed in 1907.

Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron

Louis Ducos du HauronDucos du Hauron
The production of photographic three-color prints on paper was pioneered by Louis Ducos du Hauron, whose comprehensive 1868 French patent also included the basic concepts of most of the color photographic processes which were subsequently developed.
Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron (8 December 1837 – 31 August 1920) was a French pioneer of color photography.

Gabriel Lippmann

Gabriel Jonas LippmannLippmannGabriel Lippman
Gabriel Jonas Lippmann won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1908 for the creation of the first color photographic process using a single emulsion.
Jonas Ferdinand Gabriel Lippmann (16 August 1845 – 13 July 1921) was a Franco-Luxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.

RGB color model

RGBRGBC-IRred, green, and blue
This is also known as the RGB color model.
The first experiments with RGB in early color photography were made in 1861 by Maxwell himself, and involved the process of combining three color-filtered separate takes.

Agfacolor

Ansco ColorAgfacolor NeuAnsco Colour
In 1936, the German Agfa followed with their own integral tripack film, Agfacolor Neu, which was generally similar to Kodachrome but had one important advantage: Agfa had found a way to incorporate the dye couplers into the emulsion layers during manufacture, allowing all three layers to be developed at the same time and greatly simplifying the processing.
Agfacolor was the name of a series of color film products made by Agfa of Germany.

Adolf Miethe

German photochemistry professor Adolf Miethe designed a high-quality camera of this type which was commercially introduced by Bermpohl in 1903.
He co-invented the first practical photographic flash and made important contributions to the progress of practical color photography.

Dufaycolor

Many additive color screen products were available between the 1890s and the 1950s, but none, with the possible exception of Dufaycolor, introduced as film for still photography in 1935, was as popular or successful as the Lumière Autochrome.
The photographic reproduction of natural colour by means of a black-and-white photograph taken and viewed through a mosaic of tiny colour filters was an idea first patented and published by Louis Ducos du Hauron in the late 1860s, but the incomplete colour sensitivity of contemporary photographic materials made it impractical at that time.

Frederic Eugene Ives

Frederic E. IvesFrederic IvesIves Kromskop
The most extensive and expensive of the two was the "Kromskop" (pronounced "chrome-scope") system developed by Frederic Eugene Ives.
Ives was a pioneer in the field of color photography.

Thomas Sutton (photographer)

Thomas Sutton
The foundation of virtually all practical color processes, the three-color method was first suggested in an 1855 paper by Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, with the first color photograph produced by Thomas Sutton for a Maxwell lecture in 1861.
Sutton was the photographer for James Clerk Maxwell's pioneering 1861 demonstration of colour photography.

Photographic emulsion

emulsionemulsionsphoto emulsion
In 1873 German chemist Hermann Wilhelm Vogel discovered that the addition of small amounts of certain aniline dyes to a photographic emulsion could add sensitivity to colors which the dyes absorbed.
Colour films and papers have multiple layers of emulsion, made sensitive to different parts of the visible spectrum by different colour sensitizers, and incorporating different dye couplers which produce superimposed yellow, magenta and cyan dye images during development.

Paul Outerbridge

Paul Outerbridge, Jr.
Paul Outerbridge was an American photographer prominent for his early use and experiments in color photography.
Paul Outerbridge, Jr. (August 15, 1896 – October 17, 1958) was an American photographer prominent for his early use and experiments in color photography.

Edwin H. Land

Edwin LandEdwin Herbert LandDr. Edwin Land
The blight created by carelessly discarded caustic-chemical-laden Polaroid negatives, which tended to accumulate most heavily at the prettiest, most snapshot-worthy locations, horrified Polaroid founder Edwin Land and prompted him to develop the later SX-70 system, which produced no separate negative to discard.
He considered his leadership towards the development of integral instant color photography — the SX-70 film and camera — to be his crowning achievement.

Luis Marden

He was a pioneer in the use of color photography, both on land and underwater, and also made many discoveries in the world of science.

Color motion picture film

colorcolor filmcolor films
Color motion picture film refers both to unexposed color photographic film in a format suitable for use in a motion picture camera, and to finished motion picture film, ready for use in a projector, which bears images in color.

Stephen Shore

Stephen Shore (born October 8, 1947) is an American photographer known for his images of banal scenes and objects in the United States, and for his pioneering use of color in art photography.

Hand-colouring of photographs

hand-colouredhand tintinghand-colored
Hand-coloured photographs were most popular in the mid- to late-19th century before the invention of colour photography and some firms specialised in producing hand-coloured photographs.

Otto Pfenninger

Otto Pfenninger (5 April 1855 – 20 March 1929) was a founding member of the Swiss Photographers Association (1886) and a pioneer of colour photography.

Photochrom

photochrome colorized
The photochrom process was most popular in the 1890s, when true color photography was first developed but was still commercially impractical.

Color

colourcolourscolors
Color photography is photography that uses media capable of reproducing colors.