The Colorado Territory as drawn in 1860 from the Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico Territories. Colorado appears to have a rectangular border at this scale, but there are in fact some slight deviations from a straight line along its southern border.
The Colorado Territory as drawn in 1860 from the Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico Territories. Colorado appears to have a rectangular border at this scale, but there are in fact some slight deviations from a straight line along its southern border.

Formed in 1867 in the Colorado Territory, the company operated lines in Colorado and present-day southeastern Wyoming in the 1870s until merging with the Kansas Pacific and Union Pacific railroads in 1880.

- Denver Pacific Railway and Telegraph Company

Faced with the possible dwindling of the town and its eclipse by the new towns to the north, Denverites pooled their capital and built the Denver Pacific Railroad northward to Cheyenne to bring the rail network to Denver.

- Colorado Territory
The Colorado Territory as drawn in 1860 from the Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico Territories. Colorado appears to have a rectangular border at this scale, but there are in fact some slight deviations from a straight line along its southern border.

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Colorado

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State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

State in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States.

Ruins of Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde National Park. Photo by Gustaf Nordenskiöld, 1891
Great Kiva at Chimney Rock in the San Juan Mountains of Southwestern Colorado. It is said to have been built by the Ancient Pueblo peoples.
The Spanish discovering the Colorado River, namesake of the state, in 1540, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau. García López de Cárdenas can be seen overlooking the Grand Canyon.
Map of the Mexican Cession, with the white representing the territory the United States received from Mexico (plus land ceded to the Republic of Texas) after the Mexican–American War. Well over half of Colorado was received during this treaty.
The Anasazi Heritage Center in Dolores
The territories of New Mexico, Utah, Kansas, and Nebraska before the creation of the Territory of Colorado
Mount of the Holy Cross, photographed by William Henry Jackson in 1874
The Georgetown Loop of the Colorado Central Railroad as photographed by William Henry Jackson in 1899
Three 10th Mountain Division skitroopers above Camp Hale in February 1944.
The arid high plains in Southeastern Colorado
Front Range Peaks west of Denver
Tenmile Range and Dillon Reservoir near Breckenridge
Grays Peak at 4352 m is the highest point on the Continental Divide in North America
The high desert lands that make up the San Luis Valley in Southern Colorado
Maroon Bells, at 14163 ft, is part of White River National Forest and a tourist destination
The Colorado National Monument near Grand Junction is made up of high desert canyons and sandstone rock formations
Köppen climate types of Colorado, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Breckenridge naturalist Edwin Carter with a mounted gray wolf killed in the Colorado Rockies, ca. 1890–1900.
An enlargeable map of the 64 counties of the State of Colorado
An enlargeable map of the 17 core-based statistical areas of Colorado
Colorado population density map
Denver Energy Center lies in the Denver financial district along 17th Street, known as the Wall Street of the West
Corn growing in Larimer County
An oil well in western Colorado
History Colorado Center in Denver
Street art in Denver
The Colorado Rockies baseball club at Coors Field
Empower Field at Mile High in Denver, home field of the Denver Broncos and the Denver Outlaws
Ball Arena, home of the Denver Nuggets, the Colorado Avalanche, and the Colorado Mammoth
Dick's Sporting Goods Park, home of the Colorado Rapids
A Colorado state welcome sign
The main terminal of Denver International Airport evokes the peaks of the Front Range.
The westbound and eastbound California Zephyrs meet in the Glenwood Canyon.
Colorado Christian University
Colorado College
Colorado Mesa University
Colorado School of Mines
Colorado State University
Regis University
The United States Air Force Academy
The University of Colorado Boulder
The University of Denver
Fort Carson
Peterson Space Force Base
United States Air Force Academy
The Southern Ute Tribal Administration Building
The Ute Mountain Ute Tribal Office Complex
Lowry Pueblo in Canyons of the Ancients National Monument
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Spruce Tree House in Mesa Verde National Park

The Territory of Colorado was organized on February 28, 1861, and on August 1, 1876, U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state.

The Denver Pacific Railway reached Denver in June the following year, and the Kansas Pacific arrived two months later to forge the second line across the continent.

Golden, Colorado

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Home rule city that is the county seat of Jefferson County, Colorado, United States.

Home rule city that is the county seat of Jefferson County, Colorado, United States.

Golden in 1868
The Astor House Museum, the first stone building in Golden, was a boarding and rooming house from 1867 to 1971.
The Denver Tramway at Golden depot, 1909
Coors Brewery in Golden
Clear Creek, looking east from the Washington Avenue bridge in Golden, with South Table Mountain and tubers
One of the numerous highway tunnels through the rugged terrain between Idaho Springs and Golden

Golden City served as the capital of the provisional Territory of Jefferson from 1860 to 1861, and capital of the official Territory of Colorado from 1862 to 1867.

The residents of Denver voted for the bonds, spurring construction of the Denver Pacific Railway.

Denver

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Consolidated city and county, the capital, and most populous city of the U.S. state of Colorado.

Consolidated city and county, the capital, and most populous city of the U.S. state of Colorado.

Indian land as defined by the 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie. As per this treaty, the area of modern Denver falls within traditional territory of Cheyenne and Arapaho nations
Former Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver visited his namesake city in 1875 and in 1882.
The "Bronco Buster", a variation of Frederic Remington's "Bronco Buster" western sculpture at the Denver capitol grounds, a gift from J.K. Mullen in 1920
"Pioneer Mothers of Colorado" statue at The Denver Post building
Downtown Denver cityscape, 1964. Includes Denver's oldest church (Trinity United Methodist), first building of the Mile High Center complex, Lincoln Center, old brownstone part of the Brown Palace Hotel, and Cosmopolitan Hotel – since demolished.
Aerial photograph of Denver from the northwest
Central Downtown Denver
325x325px
Satellite image of Denver in 2020
Denver's 78 official neighborhoods
Sloans Lake neighborhood in winter
Construction along Cherokee Street in the Golden Triangle neighborhood.
Map of racial distribution in Denver, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian , Hispanic , or Other (yellow)
The 17th street district includes many financial, business and corporate buildings.
The United States Mint in Denver (2010)
Republic Plaza, Colorado's tallest building
Wells Fargo "Cash Register" Building: Denver's most famous skyscraper
1144 15th St: One of Denver's newest skyscrapers
Denver products treemap, 2020
Development in the bustling Union Station section of downtown
The first Chipotle Mexican Grill, near the campus of the University of Denver
Colorado Convention Center
Denver City and County Building
Colorado Supreme Court - just before completion
Colorado State Capitol looking east
Dawn over downtown Denver, viewed from the north with Pikes Peak and the southern Front Range to the south.
Colfax Avenue at Broadway, where the downtown street grid and the "normal" city grid meet. Colfax Avenue carries U.S. Highway 40 through Denver.
Speer Boulevard runs north and south through downtown Denver.
Denver RTD light rail and bus lines
Denver Union Station
Commuter rail station at Denver International Airport
Inside the main terminal of Denver International Airport
Outside view of the main terminal, DIA
alt=|Denver Pavilions is a popular arts, entertainment, and shopping center on the 16th Street Mall in downtown Denver.
Denver Performing Arts Complex
alt=|Denver Art Museum
alt=|Civic Center Park: with museums and the central library in background
Empower Field at Mile High, home of the Denver Broncos
alt=|Ball Arena, home of the Denver Nuggets and the Colorado Avalanche
Coors Field, home of the Colorado Rockies
alt=|Dick's Sporting Goods Park, home of the Colorado Rapids
alt=|Cheesman Park started as a cemetery.
The Carla Madison Recreation Center, completed in 2017.
alt=|Red Rocks is a Denver park and world-famous amphitheater in the foothills
Washington Park
Genesee Park is the largest of the Denver Mountain Parks.
Denver East High School has seen several world famous people walk the halls as future alumni.
University of Colorado-Denver in downtown
The Ritchie Center at University of Denver

Ten days later, on February 28, 1861, the Colorado Territory was created, Arapahoe County was formed on November 1, 1861, and Denver City was incorporated on November 7, 1861.

Despite challenges, on June 24, 1870, citizens cheered as the Denver Pacific completed the link to the transcontinental railroad, ushering in a new age of prosperity for Denver.

John Evans (Colorado governor)

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Attica, Indiana, where Evans developed a successful medical practice, strategized about opening an asylum, and where his children were born.
Evans was a founder of Lakeside Hospital, now called Mercy Hospital
Railroad tracks
Denver, 1859. During its early history, Cherokee and Arapaho often camped in the area.
Cheyenne and Arapaho Delegation, Camp Weld, September 28, 1864
Black Kettle at Sand Creek, Buffalo Bill Center of the West
John Evans House, Denver, about 1870s. When the Evans first came to Denver, settlers established themselves in tents and simple low-roofed cabins. Then, they constructed simple frame houses. A house of brick was a rarity in Denver's early years.
Evans Memorial Chapel built by John Evans after the death of his daughter, Josephine Evans Elbert. It is located on the University of Denver campus
John Evans' grave marker in Denver's Riverside Cemetery

John Evans (March 9, 1814 – July 2, 1897) was an American politician, physician, founder of various hospitals and medical associations, railroad promoter, governor of the territory of Colorado, and namesake of Evanston, Illinois; Evans, Colorado; and Mount Evans, Colorado.

He helped establish the Denver Pacific Railroad to link to Union Pacific's transcontinental line at Cheyenne, Wyoming.

William A. H. Loveland from a 19th-century engraving

William A. H. Loveland

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U.S. railroad entrepreneur and businessman in the late 19th century.

U.S. railroad entrepreneur and businessman in the late 19th century.

William A. H. Loveland from a 19th-century engraving

An early resident of Golden when it was the capital of the Colorado Territory, he was one of the founders of the Colorado Central Railroad and a principal figure in the early history of Colorado.

In the meantime, in 1867, the territorial capital was moved to Denver, and in 1870, the rival Denver Pacific Railway completed its line between Denver and Cheyenne, cementing Denver as the future metropolis of Colorado.

The Kansas Pacific main line shown on an 1869 map. The thickened portion along the line indicates the extent of the land grants available to settlers. At the time of the map, the line extended only as far as western Kansas (section in green). The extension to the Colorado Territory (section in red) was completed the following year

Kansas Pacific Railway

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Historic railroad company that operated in the western United States in the late 19th century.

Historic railroad company that operated in the western United States in the late 19th century.

The Kansas Pacific main line shown on an 1869 map. The thickened portion along the line indicates the extent of the land grants available to settlers. At the time of the map, the line extended only as far as western Kansas (section in green). The extension to the Colorado Territory (section in red) was completed the following year
Roundhouse, Kansas Pacific Railway, 1873.
A 1878 map showing principal cities and towns along the railroad

Although the railroad had intended originally to build only as far west as Fort Riley, citizens in Denver in the Colorado Territory, eager to be connected to national network, lobbied furiously to extend the Union Pacific lines to reach their city.

The arrival of the first trains to Denver in August was two months after the completion in June 1870 of the Denver Pacific Railway mainline linking Denver with the Union Pacific at Cheyenne in the Nebraska Territory.