Columbia University

ColumbiaColumbia CollegeColumbia University PresidentKing's CollegeColumbia University in the City of New YorkColumbia UniversitiesColumbia University in New YorkColumbia University, New YorkUniversity of ColumbiaColumbia Business School
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.wikipedia
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Ivy League

IvyAll-Ivy LeagueEastern Intercollegiate League
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The eight members are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, and Yale University.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world.

New York (state)

New YorkNYNew York State
Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.
New York's higher education network comprises approximately 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world.

Columbia University Physics Department

physicsPhysics Department
The Columbia University Physics Department has been affiliated with [[List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation#Top 30 universities worldwide since 1901|33 Nobel Prize winners]] as alumni, faculty or research staff, the third most of any American institution behind Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University.
The Columbia University Physics Department includes approximately 40 faculty members teaching and conducting research in the areas of astrophysics, high energy nuclear physics, high energy particle physics, atomic-molecular-optical physics, condensed matter physics, and theoretical physics.

Columbia Lions

ColumbiaLionsColumbia University
In athletics, the Lions field varsity teams in 29 sports as a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League conference.
The Columbia University Lions are the collective athletic teams and their members from Columbia University, an Ivy League institution in New York City, United States.

Columbia Global Centers

Columbia Global Center Rio de JaneiroColumbia Global Centers South AsiaColumbia University Global Centers
It maintains research centers outside of the United States known as Columbia Global Centers.
Columbia Global Centers are research outposts established by Columbia University in different locations around the world, as part of its initiative to further establish an international research university.

Pulitzer Prize

PulitzerPulitzer-PrizePulitzer Prizes
The university administers the Pulitzer Prize annually.
It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of American (Hungarian-born) Joseph Pulitzer who had made his fortune as a newspaper publisher, and is administered by Columbia University in New York City.

Thomas Hunt Morgan

T. H. MorganThomas MorganMorgan
Columbia scientists and scholars have played an important role in the development of notable scientific fields and breakthroughs including: brain-computer interface; the laser and maser; nuclear magnetic resonance; the first nuclear pile; the first nuclear fission reaction in the Americas; Thomas Hunt Morgan's drosophila experiment – considered the origin of modern genetics; the first evidence for plate tectonics and continental drift; and much of the initial research and planning of the Manhattan Project during World War II.
In his famous Fly Room at Columbia University, Morgan demonstrated that genes are carried on chromosomes and are the mechanical basis of heredity.

Goddard Institute for Space Studies

GISSNASA Goddard Institute for Space StudiesGoddard Institute Climate Research Group
The university's research efforts include the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Goddard Institute for Space Studies and accelerator laboratories with major technology firms such as IBM.
The institute is located at Columbia University in New York City.

Colonial colleges

colleges established during the American colonial periodsecond-oldest10th-oldest college
It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League.
Seven of the nine colonial colleges are part of the Ivy League athletic conference: Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, University of Pennsylvania, Brown, and Dartmouth.

List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation

Nobel laureates107 Nobel laureates13 Nobel laureates
The Columbia University Physics Department has been affiliated with [[List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation#Top 30 universities worldwide since 1901|33 Nobel Prize winners]] as alumni, faculty or research staff, the third most of any American institution behind Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. , Columbia's alumni and affiliates include: five Founding Fathers of the United States — among them an author of the United States Constitution and co-author of the Declaration of Independence; three U.S. presidents; 29 foreign heads of state; 10 Justices of the United States Supreme Court, two of whom currently serve; 96 Nobel laureates; 101 National Academy members; 38 living billionaires; 11 Olympic medalists, 39 Academy Awards winners; and 125 Pulitzer Prizes recipients.

Association of American Universities

AAUAmerican Association of UniversitiesAssociation of American Universities (AAU)
Columbia is one of the fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities and was the first school in the United States to grant the M.D. degree.
Lack of standardization damaged European universities' opinions of their American counterparts, however, and many American students attended graduate school in Europe instead of staying in the US. The presidents of the Johns Hopkins University, the University of Chicago, Columbia University, Harvard University, and the University of California had sent a letter of invitation to nine other universities to meet at Chicago in February 1900 to promote and raise standards.

Samuel Johnson (American educator)

Samuel JohnsonRev. Dr. Samuel JohnsonAmerican Rev. Dr. Samuel Johnson
Classes were initially held in July 1754 and were presided over by the college's first president, Dr. Samuel Johnson.
He was a major proponent of both Anglicanism and the philosophies of William Wollaston and George Berkeley in the colonies, founded and served as the first president of the Anglican King's College (renamed Columbia University following the American Revolutionary War), and was a key figure of the American Enlightenment.

Doctor of Medicine

M.D.MDmedical degree
Columbia is one of the fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities and was the first school in the United States to grant the M.D. degree.
Early medical schools in North America that granted the Doctor of Medicine degrees were Columbia, Penn, Harvard, Maryland, and McGill.

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

College of Physicians and SurgeonsColumbia UniversityColumbia College of Physicians and Surgeons
In November 1813, the College agreed to incorporate its medical school with The College of Physicians and Surgeons, a new school created by the Regents of New York, forming Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons.
Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, colloquially known as P&S and formerly Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, is the graduate professional medical school of Columbia University that is located in the Columbia University Irving Medical Center in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan.

Nicholas Murray Butler

Nicholas M. ButlerButlerButler, Nicholas Murray
Under the leadership of Low's successor, Nicholas Murray Butler, who served for over four decades, Columbia rapidly became the nation's major institution for research, setting the "multiversity" model that later universities would adopt.
Butler was president of Columbia University, president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Manhattan Project

atomic bomb projectatomic bombdevelopment of the atomic bomb
Columbia scientists and scholars have played an important role in the development of notable scientific fields and breakthroughs including: brain-computer interface; the laser and maser; nuclear magnetic resonance; the first nuclear pile; the first nuclear fission reaction in the Americas; Thomas Hunt Morgan's drosophila experiment – considered the origin of modern genetics; the first evidence for plate tectonics and continental drift; and much of the initial research and planning of the Manhattan Project during World War II.
Lawrence and his team at the University of California, Berkeley, investigated electromagnetic separation, while Eger Murphree and Jesse Wakefield Beams's team looked into gaseous diffusion at Columbia University, and Philip Abelson directed research into thermal diffusion at the Carnegie Institution of Washington and later the Naval Research Laboratory.

Founding Fathers of the United States

Founding FathersFounding FatherFounding Father of the United States
, Columbia's alumni and affiliates include: five Founding Fathers of the United States — among them an author of the United States Constitution and co-author of the Declaration of Independence; three U.S. presidents; 29 foreign heads of state; 10 Justices of the United States Supreme Court, two of whom currently serve; 96 Nobel laureates; 101 National Academy members; 38 living billionaires; 11 Olympic medalists, 39 Academy Awards winners; and 125 Pulitzer Prizes recipients.
Many of the Founding Fathers attended or held degrees from the colonial colleges, most notably Columbia known at the time as "King's College", Princeton originally known as "The College of New Jersey", Harvard College, the College of William and Mary, Yale College and University of Pennsylvania.

Seth Low

Anne Wroe Scollay CurtisMayor Seth Low
University president Seth Low moved the campus from 49th Street to its present location, a more spacious campus in the developing neighborhood of Morningside Heights.
Seth Low (January 18, 1850 – September 17, 1916) was an American educator and political figure who served as mayor of Brooklyn, President of Columbia University, diplomatic representative of the United States, and was the 92nd Mayor of New York City.

Columbia (name)

ColumbiaLady Columbiafemale symbol
The Act created a Board of Regents to oversee the resuscitation of King's College, and, in an effort to demonstrate its support for the new Republic, the Legislature stipulated that "the College within the City of New York heretofore called King's College be forever hereafter called and known by the name of Columbia College", a reference to Columbia, an alternative name for America.
It has given rise to the names of many persons, places, objects, institutions and companies; for example: Columbia University, the District of Columbia (the national capital of the United States), and the ship Columbia Rediviva, which would give its name to the Columbia River.

Myles Cooper

Dr. Myles Cooper
In 1763, Dr. Johnson was succeeded in the presidency by Myles Cooper, a graduate of The Queen's College, Oxford, and an ardent Tory.
An Anglican priest, he served as the President of King's College (predecessor of today's Columbia University) from 1763 to 1775, and was a public opponent of the American Revolution.

Columbia University School of the Arts

School of the ArtsColumbia UniversityColumbia University Graduate School of the Arts
In 1991, the faculties of Columbia College, the School of General Studies, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the School of the Arts, and the School of Professional Studies were merged into the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, leading to the academic integration and centralized governance of these schools.
The Columbia University School of the Arts, also known simply as the School of the Arts or as SoA, is the graduate school of the university that offers programs in the fine arts.

Columbia Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

Graduate School of Arts and SciencesColumbia UniversityColumbia University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
In 1979, these faculties were merged into the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Columbia University (also known as GSAS) is a graduate school of the university that grants academic degrees in the arts and sciences, including M.A.s and Ph.D.s., in fields not covered by the university's professional or other schools.

List of colleges and universities in the United States by endowment

among the largestcomparedendowment
The university's endowment stood at $10.9 billion in 2018, among the largest of any academic institution.

Grayson L. Kirk

Grayson Kirkthe university president
The incident forced the resignation of Columbia's President, Grayson Kirk and the establishment of the University Senate.
Grayson Louis Kirk (October 12, 1903 – November 21, 1997) was president of Columbia University during the Columbia University protests of 1968.