Colza oil

colzarapeseed oil
Colza oil or colza is a non-drying oil obtained from the seeds of rapeseed (Brassica napus subsp. napus. syn. Brassica napus var. oleifera Delile, Brassica campestris subsp. napus (L.) Hook.f.wikipedia
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Rapeseed

rapeseed oiloilseed raperape
Colza oil or colza is a non-drying oil obtained from the seeds of rapeseed (Brassica napus subsp. In commerce, colza is a traditional rapeseed oil (with turnip rape oil, sarson oil, toria oil (Brassica rapa ssp.), and ravison oil), to which they are very closely allied in both source and properties.
In 1981, a deadly outbreak of disease in Spain, known as toxic oil syndrome, was caused by the consumption of colza oil (a cousin of rapeseed oil procured from a similar species of B. rapa) for industrial use that was fraudulently sold as olive oil to be consumed in cooking, salads, and other foods.

Brassica rapa

B. rapafield mustardBrassica campestris
In commerce, colza is a traditional rapeseed oil (with turnip rape oil, sarson oil, toria oil (Brassica rapa ssp.), and ravison oil), to which they are very closely allied in both source and properties.
The oil made from the seed is sometimes also called canola or colza, which is one reason why it is sometimes confused with rapeseed oil, but this comes from a different Brassica species (Brassica napus). The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish Canola) but usually the related species Brassica napus (rapeseed) and Brassica juncea (mustard greens and mizuna).

Carcel lamp

Carcel oil lampCarsel
Burned in a Carcel lamp, it was part of the definition of the French standard measure for illumination, the carcel, for most of the nineteenth century.
The vegetable - mostly colza - oils then available were thick and would not travel far up a wick.

Lighthouse

lighthousescoastal lighthouselight house
In lighthouses, for example in early Canada, colza oil was used before the introduction of mineral oil.
The Argand lamp used whale oil, colza, olive oil or other vegetable oil as fuel which was supplied by a gravity feed from a reservoir mounted above the burner.

Canola oil

canolacanola (rapeseed)canola (rapeseed) oil
Canola, a low erucic acid rapeseed oil
Canola oil, or canola for short, is a vegetable oil derived from a variety of rapeseed that is low in erucic acid, as opposed to colza oil.

Argand lamp

ArgandArgand burnersArgand burner
The colza oil was used with the Argand burner because it was cheaper than whale oil.
An Argand lamp used whale oil, seal oil, colza, olive oil or other vegetable oil as fuel which was supplied by a gravity feed from a reservoir mounted above the burner.

Carcel

Burned in a Carcel lamp, it was part of the definition of the French standard measure for illumination, the carcel, for most of the nineteenth century.
The unit was defined in 1860 as the intensity of a Carcel lamp with standard burner and chimney dimensions, which burnt colza oil

Passenger car (rail)

passenger carbaggage carcoaches
It was the preferred oil for train pot lamps, and was used for lighting railway coaches in the United Kingdom before gas lighting, and later electric lighting, were adopted.
The earliest form of train lighting was provided by Colza oil lamps.

Toxic oil syndrome

19811981 Spain rapeseed oil toxicitycolza oil intoxication
Toxic oil syndrome
Toxic oil syndrome or simply toxic syndrome (Spanish: síndrome del aceite tóxico or síndrome tóxico) is a musculoskeletal disease most famous for a 1981 outbreak in Spain which killed over 600 people and was likely caused by contaminated colza oil.

Non-drying oil

non-drying
Colza oil or colza is a non-drying oil obtained from the seeds of rapeseed (Brassica napus subsp.

France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
napus (L.) Hook.f. & T.Anderson.) Colza is extensively cultivated in France, Belgium, the United States, the Netherlands, Germany and Poland.

Belgium

🇧🇪BelgianBEL
napus (L.) Hook.f. & T.Anderson.) Colza is extensively cultivated in France, Belgium, the United States, the Netherlands, Germany and Poland.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
napus (L.) Hook.f. & T.Anderson.) Colza is extensively cultivated in France, Belgium, the United States, the Netherlands, Germany and Poland.

Netherlands

Dutch🇳🇱the Netherlands
napus (L.) Hook.f. & T.Anderson.) Colza is extensively cultivated in France, Belgium, the United States, the Netherlands, Germany and Poland.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
napus (L.) Hook.f. & T.Anderson.) Colza is extensively cultivated in France, Belgium, the United States, the Netherlands, Germany and Poland.

Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOL
napus (L.) Hook.f. & T.Anderson.) Colza is extensively cultivated in France, Belgium, the United States, the Netherlands, Germany and Poland.

Oil

oilsoil solutionoil and oil products
In France, especially, the extraction of the oil is an important industry.

Sinapis arvensis

charlockS. arvensisfield mustard
In commerce, colza is a traditional rapeseed oil (with turnip rape oil, sarson oil, toria oil (Brassica rapa ssp.), and ravison oil), to which they are very closely allied in both source and properties.

Specific gravity

specific gravitiessgdensities
It is a comparatively nonodoriferous oil of a yellow colour, having a specific gravity varying between 0.912 and 0.920.

Pig

pigsSuswild pig
The cake left after extraction of the oil is a valuable feed ingredient for pigs.

Lubricant

lubricantslubricating oillubricating
Colza oil is extensively used as a lubricant for machinery.

Coal gas

town gasgascoal-gas
Colza oil was used extensively in European domestic lighting before the advent of coal (city) gas or kerosene.

Kerosene

paraffinparaffin oilkerosine
Colza oil was used extensively in European domestic lighting before the advent of coal (city) gas or kerosene.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
It was the preferred oil for train pot lamps, and was used for lighting railway coaches in the United Kingdom before gas lighting, and later electric lighting, were adopted.