Combat sport

combat sportsCombatcombat-sportsportsport fightingsportscombat athletescombat sportingcompetitioncompetition systems
A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport that usually involves one-on-one combat.wikipedia
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Boxing

boxerboxersprofessional boxer
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō. For example, boxing only allows punches, taekwondo largely involves kicks, and both Muay Thai and Burmese boxing allow the use of elbows and knees.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.

Fencing

fencerswordplayfence
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.

Judo

judokayukojūdōka
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.
It is generally categorized as a modern martial art, which later evolved into a combat and Olympic sport.

Kickboxing

kickboxerkick boxingkick-boxing
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.
Kickboxing is a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing.

Sambo (martial art)

SamboCombat Sambosambist
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.
Sambo is a Soviet martial art and combat sport.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu

Brazilian Jiu JitsuBJJjiu-jitsu
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō. Modern Mixed Martial Arts developed out of the interconnected subcultures of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and shoot wrestling.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art and combat sport system that focuses on grappling with particular emphasis on ground fighting.

Muay Thai

MuaythaiThai boxingThai-Boxing
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō. For example, boxing only allows punches, taekwondo largely involves kicks, and both Muay Thai and Burmese boxing allow the use of elbows and knees.
Muay Thai or literally Thai boxing is a combat sport of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques.

Lei tai

leitaiExternal linksfighting stage
In ancient China, combat sport appeared in the form of lei tai.
In Ancient China, combat sport appeared in the form of Leitai, a no-holds-barred mixed combat sport that combined Chinese martial arts, boxing and wrestling.

Contact sport

full contactfull-contactcontact sports
A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport that usually involves one-on-one combat.
A semi-contact sport is typically a combat sport involving striking and containing physical contact between the combatants simulating full-power techniques.

Sanshou

sandaSan ShouChinese boxing
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.
Sanshou (Wushu Sanshou), also known as Sanda (Wushu Sanda), Chinese boxing or Chinese kickboxing, is a Chinese self-defense system and combat sport.

Shoot wrestling

shoot-styleshoot styleshoot wrestler
Modern Mixed Martial Arts developed out of the interconnected subcultures of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and shoot wrestling.
Shoot wrestling is a combat sport that has its origins in Japan's professional wrestling circuit of the 1970s.

Shooto

Shooto BrazilG-ShootoInternational Shooto Commission
It was introduced in Japan in the form of Shooto in 1985, and in the United States as Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) in 1993.
Shooto is a combat sport and mixed martial arts organization that is governed by the Shooto Association and the International Shooto Commission.

Bellator MMA

BellatorBellator Fighting ChampionshipsBellator Fighting Championship
Combat sport promotions such as UFC or Bellator MMA are generally advertised to men.
It is one of the largest MMA promotion companies in the world and features many of the upper echelon athletes in combat sports.

Mixed martial arts

mixed martial artistMMAground and pound
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō. Modern Mixed Martial Arts developed out of the interconnected subcultures of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and shoot wrestling. Modern MMA is similar to the ancient Greek Olympic sport of pankration; Both allow a wide range of both striking and grappling techniques.
Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from various combat sports and martial arts.

Punch (combat)

punchpunchespunching
For example, boxing only allows punches, taekwondo largely involves kicks, and both Muay Thai and Burmese boxing allow the use of elbows and knees.
It is used in most martial arts and combat sports, most notably boxing, where it is the only type of offensive technique allowed.

Grappling

grapplernewazane-waza
There are also combat sports based on grappling, such as both freestyle and Collegiate wrestling.
Grappling covers techniques used in many disciplines, styles and martial arts that are practiced both as combat sports and for self-defense.

Knee (strike)

knee strikeflying kneeknee strikes
For example, boxing only allows punches, taekwondo largely involves kicks, and both Muay Thai and Burmese boxing allow the use of elbows and knees.
Kneeing is a disallowed practice in many combat sports, especially to the head of a downed opponent.

Elbow (strike)

elbow strikeElbowingelbows
For example, boxing only allows punches, taekwondo largely involves kicks, and both Muay Thai and Burmese boxing allow the use of elbows and knees.
Elbowing is a disallowed practice in most combat sports.

Strike (attack)

Strikingstrikestrikes
Modern MMA is similar to the ancient Greek Olympic sport of pankration; Both allow a wide range of both striking and grappling techniques.
There are also other variations employed in martial arts and combat sports.

Bare-knuckle boxing

bare-knucklebare-knuckle boxerfisticuffs
Bare-knuckle boxing (also known as bare-knuckle, prizefighting, fist fight or fisticuffs) is the original form of boxing, closely related to ancient combat sports.

Shoot boxing

shootboxingShoot Boxing World Tournament 2012shoot boxer
Shoot boxing is both a combat sport and a stand-up fighting promotion company based in Tokyo, Japan.

Wrestling

wrestlersport wrestlerSport wrestling
Common combat sports include mixed martial arts, boxing, wrestling, judo, fencing, savate, kickboxing, Muay Thai, Sanda, Tae Kwon Do, Capoeira, Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, HMB, Sambo, Sumo, Kyokushin, and Kūdō.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling-type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.

Takedown (grappling)

takedowntakedownsdouble leg takedown
In martial arts and combat sports, a takedown is a technique that involves off-balancing an opponent and bringing him or her to the ground with the attacker landing on top.

Combat

fightingfightphysical fighting
Combat athletes usually fight one-on-one.
Examples of rules include the Geneva Conventions (covering the treatment of people in war), medieval chivalry, the Marquess of Queensberry rules (covering boxing) and several forms of combat sports.

Belt wrestling

Belt Wrestling is a form of wrestling that is one of the oldest historically recorded sports.