Comedy

comediescomediccomedy writercomiccomediancomicalcomedy musiccomedy filmgagmanwriter
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) is a genre of fiction that refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, books and novels or any other medium of entertainment.wikipedia
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Stand-up comedy

stand-up comedianStand-upstand-up comic
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) is a genre of fiction that refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, books and novels or any other medium of entertainment.
Stand-up comedy is a comic style in which a comedian performs in front of a live audience, usually speaking directly to them.

Comedy of manners

comedies of mannerssocial comedydrawing-room comedies
A comedy of manners typically takes as its subject a particular part of society (usually upper-class society) and uses humor to parody or satirize the behavior and mannerisms of its members.
The comedy of manners, also called anti sentimental comedy, is a form of comedy that satirizes the manners and affectations of contemporary society and questions societal standards.

Romantic comedy

romantic comedy filmromanticromantic comedies
Romantic comedy is a popular genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms and focuses on the foibles of those who are falling in love.
The basic plot of a romantic comedy is that two characters meet, part ways due to an argument or other obstacle, then ultimately realize their love for one another and reunite.

Black comedy

dark comedyblack humorblack humour
Other forms of comedy include screwball comedy, which derives its humor largely from bizarre, surprising (and improbable) situations or characters, and black comedy, which is characterized by a form of humor that includes darker aspects of human behavior or human nature.
Breton's preference was to identify some of Swift's writings as a subgenre of comedy and satire in which laughter arises from cynicism and skepticism, often relying on topics such as death.

Aristophanes

AristofanesAristophanicOld Comedy
Starting from 425 BCE, Aristophanes, a comic playwright and satirical author of the Ancient Greek Theater, wrote 40 comedies, 11 of which survive.
Aristophanes (, ; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion (Cydathenaeum), was a comic playwright of ancient Athens and a poet of Old Attic Comedy.

Divine Comedy

The Divine ComedyInfernoDivina Commedia
It is in this sense that Dante used the term in the title of his poem, La Commedia.
The work was originally simply titled Comedìa (so also in the first printed edition, published in 1472), Tuscan for "Comedy", later adjusted to the modern Italian Commedia.

Ribaldry

blue comedybawdyribald
In ancient Greece, comedy originated in bawdy and ribald songs or recitations apropos of phallic processions and fertility festivals or gatherings.
Ribaldry typically depends on a shared background of sexual conventions and values, and its comedy generally depends on seeing those conventions broken.

Humour

humorhumoroussense of humor
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) is a genre of fiction that refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, books and novels or any other medium of entertainment.
Arthur Schopenhauer lamented the misuse of humour (a German loanword from English) to mean any type of comedy.

Satire

satiricalsatiristsatiric
Satire and political satire use comedy to portray persons or social institutions as ridiculous or corrupt, thus alienating their audience from the object of their humor.
The terms "comedy" and "satire" became synonymous after Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Islamic philosophers and writers, such as Abu Bischr, his pupil Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes.

Satyr play

satyr playssatyric dramasatyr drama
Aristophanes developed his type of comedy from the earlier satyr plays, which were often highly obscene.
Satyric drama is one of the three varieties of Athenian drama, the other two being tragedy and comedy.

Comedian

comedianscomiccomedienne
British comedians who honed their skills in music hall sketches include Charlie Chaplin, Stan Laurel and Dan Leno.
A popular saying, variously quoted but generally attributed to Ed Wynn, is, "A comic says funny things; a comedian says things funny", which draws a distinction between how much of the comedy can be attributed to verbal content and how much to acting and persona.

Arabic literature

literatureArabicArab literature
Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Arabic writers and Islamic philosophers, such as Abu Bischr, and his pupils Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes.
The terms "comedy" and "satire" became synonymous after Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Arabic writers and Islamic philosophers, such as Abu Bischr, his pupil al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes.

Phallic processions

chariot of PhallosPhallus festival
In ancient Greece, comedy originated in bawdy and ribald songs or recitations apropos of phallic processions and fertility festivals or gatherings.
In a famous passage in chapter 4 of the Poetics, Aristotle formulated the hypothesis that the earliest forms of comedy originated and evolved from "those who lead off the phallic processions", which were still common in many towns at his time.

Poetics (Aristotle)

PoeticsAristotle's PoeticsThe Poetics
Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Arabic writers and Islamic philosophers, such as Abu Bischr, and his pupils Al-Farabi, Avicenna, and Averroes.

Cinema of the United States

HollywoodAmericanHollywood films
American cinema has produced a great number of globally renowned comedy artists, from Laurel and Hardy, the Three Stooges, Abbott and Costello, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis, as well as Bob Hope during the mid-20th century, to performers like George Carlin, Robin Williams, and Eddie Murphy at the end of the century.
Hollywood is considered the oldest film industry where earliest film studios and production companies emerged, it is also the birthplace of various genres of cinema—among them comedy, drama, action, the musical, romance, horror, science fiction, and the war epic—having set an example for other national film industries.

Literature

literaryLettersliterary work
Also in Poetics, Aristotle defined comedy as one of the original four genres of literature.
Classical Greek genres included philosophy, poetry, historiography, comedies and dramas.

Ancient Greek comedy

New ComedycomedyMiddle Comedy
In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters.
Athenian comedy is conventionally divided into three periods: Old Comedy, Middle Comedy, and New Comedy.

Muses

museThe MusesNine Muses
However, comedy had its own Muse: Thalia.

Plautus

Titus Maccius PlautusPlautineT. Maccius Plautus
His comedies are the earliest Latin literary works to have survived in their entirety.

Molière

MoliereJean-Baptiste PoquelinJean-Baptiste Poquelin Molière
His extant works include comedies, farces, tragicomedies, comédie-ballets and more.

Comedy of intrigue

The comedy of intrigue, also known as the comedy of situation, is a genre of comedy in which dramatic action is prioritised over the development of character, complicated strategems and conspiracies drive the plot, and farcical humour and contrived or ridiculous dramatic situations are often employed.

Comedy of humours

comedies of humourshumor playshumours comedy
The comedy of humours is a genre of dramatic comedy that focuses on a character or range of characters, each of whom exhibits two or more overriding traits or 'humours' that dominates their personality, desires and conduct.

Improvisational theatre

improvisational comedyimprovimprov comedy
Improvisational theatre, often called improvisation or improv, is the form of theatre, often comedy, in which most or all of what is performed is unplanned or unscripted: created spontaneously by the performers.

Genre

subgenregenressubgenres
Comedy may be divided into multiple genres based on the source of humor, the method of delivery, and the context in which it is delivered.
The most general genres in literature are (in loose chronological order) epic, tragedy, comedy, novel, and short story.

Alternative comedy

alternative comedianalternative comediansalternative
Alternative comedy is a term coined in the 1980s for a style of comedy that makes a conscious break with the mainstream comedic style of an era.