Commando

commandosArmy ComandosCommando Infantrycommando raidcommando teamcommando unitRangers40Allied CommandosAmerican commandos
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.wikipedia
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Amphibious warfare

amphibiousamphibious assaultamphibious landing
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
Since the Gallipoli Campaign, specialised watercraft were increasingly designed for landing troops, materiel and vehicles, including by landing craft and for insertion of commandos, by fast patrol boats, zodiacs (rigid inflatable boats) and from mini-submersibles.

Light infantry

lightLight RoleLight infantry (militia)
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
After World War II, the term "light infantry" evolved, and now generally refers to rapid-deployment units (including commandos and airborne units) that specifically emphasize speed and mobility over armor and firepower.

Soldier

soldiersservicemenmilitary personnel
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
As a result, "soldiers" are referred to by names or ranks which reflect an individual's military occupation specialty arm, service, or branch of military employment, their type of unit, or operational employment or technical use such as: trooper, tanker (a member of tank crew), commando, dragoon, infantryman, artilleryman, paratrooper, grenadier, ranger, sniper, engineer, sapper, craftsman, signaller, medic, or a gunner.

1st Commando Regiment (Australia)

1st Commando Regiment1st1 Commando Regiment
Other Commonwealth commando units were formed after the Second World War directly based on the British Commando units, such as the Australian Army Reserve 1st Commando Regiment (Australia), distinct from the Regular Army 2nd Commando Regiment (Australia), who originated from the 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment in 1997.
The 1st Commando Regiment (1 Cdo Regt) is an Australian Army Reserve special forces unit part of Special Operations Command with an integrated structure of regular (full-time) soldiers and reserve (part-time) soldiers, which together with the full-time Australian Army 2nd Commando Regiment, provides the Commando capability to Special Operations Command.

First Special Service Force

1st Special Service ForceDevil's BrigadeProject Plough
The US Special Forces originated with the First Special Service Force, formed under British Combined Operations.
The 1st Special Service Force (also called The Devil's Brigade, The Black Devils, The Black Devils' Brigade, and Freddie's Freighters), was an elite American-Canadian commando unit in World War II, under command of the United States Fifth Army.

Green beret

Green BeretsCommando Green beretemerald green
Since the 20th century and World War II in particular, commandos have been set apart from other military units by virtue of their extreme training regimes; these are usually associated with the awarding of green berets which originated with British Commandos.
These include the Australian, French and Dutch commandos.

Special Air Service Regiment

Australian Special Air Service RegimentSASSASR
They developed their own national traditions, including the Australian Special Air Service Regiment, the New Zealand Special Air Service, and the Southern Rhodesian Special Air Service, all of whom share (or used to) the same insignia and motto as their British counterparts.
In 1960, the company became part of the Royal Australian Regiment (RAR) and was given the responsibility for commando and special forces operations.

Special Air Service

SASBritish SAS22 Special Air Service Regiment
Other British units, such as the SAS, led to the development of many international special operations units that are now typically referred to as commandos, including the Bangladeshi Para-Commando Brigade, Pakistani Special Services Group, the Indian MARCOS, and the Jordanian special forces.
It was conceived as a commando force to operate behind enemy lines in the North African Campaign and initially consisted of five officers and 60 other ranks.

2nd Commando Regiment (Australia)

2nd Commando Regiment2nd Commando Regiments4RAR
Other Commonwealth commando units were formed after the Second World War directly based on the British Commando units, such as the Australian Army Reserve 1st Commando Regiment (Australia), distinct from the Regular Army 2nd Commando Regiment (Australia), who originated from the 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment in 1997.
The decision was then taken that the 4th Battalion would become a Regular Army commando unit and on 1 February 1997 the unit was renamed to 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (Commando) (4 RAR Cdo).

Grup Gerak Khas

GGK21 Gerup Gerak KhasGerup Gerak Khas
Malaysian green beret special forces PASKAL and Grup Gerak Khas (who still wear the Blue Lanyard of the Royal Marines) were originally trained by British Commandos.
Sungai Udang Camp was the acknowledged "Home of the Commandos" and its spiritual home.

Achnacarry

Achnacarry CastleAchnacarry AgreementAchnacarry, Scotland
The original US Rangers trained at the British Commandos centre at Achnacarry Castle.
It was used as a Commando Training Depot during the Second World War and the village retains close ties to British Commandos, the United States Army Rangers and similar units from other allied nations.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
During World War II, newspaper reports of the deeds of "the commandos" only in the plural led to readers thinking that the singular meant one man rather than one military unit, and this new usage became established.
On the Continent, raids of Allied commandos on strategic targets, culminating in the disastrous Dieppe Raid, demonstrated the Western Allies' inability to launch an invasion of continental Europe without much better preparation, equipment, and operational security.

Para-Commando Brigade (Bangladesh)

1st Para-Commando BattalionPara-Commando Brigade1st Para Commando Battalion
Other British units, such as the SAS, led to the development of many international special operations units that are now typically referred to as commandos, including the Bangladeshi Para-Commando Brigade, Pakistani Special Services Group, the Indian MARCOS, and the Jordanian special forces.

Royal Marines

Royal MarinemarinesMarine
Malaysian green beret special forces PASKAL and Grup Gerak Khas (who still wear the Blue Lanyard of the Royal Marines) were originally trained by British Commandos.
In 1942 the Infantry Battalions of the Royal Marine Division were re-organised as Commandos, joining the British Army Commandos.

Fallschirmjäger (World War II)

FallschirmjägerGerman paratroopersparatroopers
The German Fallschirmjäger were famous for their elite skills and use in rapid commando style raids and use as elite "fire brigade" infantrymen.
The Fallschirmjäger were very effective when used in commando style raids.

Benito Mussolini

MussoliniBenitoDuce
Otto Skorzeny (most famed for his rescue of Benito Mussolini) conducted many special operations for Adolf Hitler.
After the king agreed the armistice with the allies, on 12 September 1943 Mussolini was rescued from captivity in the Gran Sasso raid by German paratroopers and Waffen-SS commandos led by Major Otto-Harald Mors.

Australian commandos

commandoAustralian CommandoIndependent Companies
The Australian Army formed commando units, known as Australian independent companies in the early stages of World War II.
The name commando has been applied to a variety of Australian special forces and light infantry units that have been formed since 1941–42.

Giretsu Kuteitai

GiretsuGiretsu'' Special Forces1st Raiding Regiment
In 1944–45, Japanese Teishin Shudan ("Raiding Group") and Giretsu ("heroic") detachments made airborne assaults on Allied airfields in the Philippines, Marianas and Okinawa.
After USAAF B-29 Superfortress strategic bombers began attacks on Tokyo from bases in the Mariana Islands, the 1st Raiding Brigade of the Teishin Shudan was ordered to form a commando unit for a “special operations” mission to attack and destroy the bombers on the Aslito Airfield on Saipan.

Special Operations Executive

SOES.O.E.Special Operations Executive (SOE)
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) also formed commando units from British and displaced European personnel (e.g., Cichociemni) to conduct raiding operations in occupied Europe.
Gubbins had wide experience of commando and clandestine operations and had played a major part in MI(R)'s and SOE's early operations.

Boer Commando

commandoscommandoBoer commandos
In the First Boer War, Boer commandos were able to use superior marksmanship, fieldcraft, camouflage and mobility to expel an occupying British force (wearing red uniforms, poorly trained in marksmanship and unmounted) from the Transvaal.

Operation Jaywick

Jaywickraid on Singapore in September 1943sank or damaged seven Japanese ships
Z Force, an Australian-British-New Zealand military intelligence commando unit, formed by the Australian Services Reconnaissance Department, also carried out many raiding and reconnaissance operations in the South West Pacific theatre, most notably Operation Jaywick, in which they destroyed tonnes of Japanese shipping at Singapore Harbour.
In September 1943, 14 commandos and sailors from the Allied Z Special Unit raided Japanese shipping in Singapore Harbour, sinking six ships.

4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

4 RAR4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (Commando)4 RAR/NZ (ANZAC)
Other Commonwealth commando units were formed after the Second World War directly based on the British Commando units, such as the Australian Army Reserve 1st Commando Regiment (Australia), distinct from the Regular Army 2nd Commando Regiment (Australia), who originated from the 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment in 1997.
The initial years were busy creating a structure and recruiting members suitable for commando training.

Operation Rimau

Operation ''RimauRimau
An attempt to replicate this success, with Operation Rimau, resulted in the death of almost all those involved.
Operation Rimau was an attack on Japanese shipping in Singapore Harbour, carried out by an Allied commando unit Z Special Unit, during World War II using Australian built Hoehn military MKIII folboats.

Sabotage

saboteursaboteurssabotaging
It was a self-contained unit for reconnaissance patrolling, sabotage and guerrilla warfare operations behind enemy lines.
In December 1944, the Germans ran a false flag sabotage infiltration, Operation Greif, which was commanded by Waffen-SS commando Otto Skorzeny during the Battle of the Bulge.

Commandos (United Kingdom)

British CommandosCommandoBritish Commando
Since the 20th century and World War II in particular, commandos have been set apart from other military units by virtue of their extreme training regimes; these are usually associated with the awarding of green berets which originated with British Commandos.