Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés

CNILCNIL (FR)National Commission on Informatics and LibertyNational Commission on Informatics and Liberty (CNIL)
The Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés (CNIL, ; National Commission on Informatics and Liberty) is an independent French administrative regulatory body whose mission is to ensure that data privacy law is applied to the collection, storage, and use of personal data.wikipedia
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Government database

databaseGovernment databasesGovernmental database
The CNIL was created partially in response to public outrage against the SAFARI program, which was an attempt by the French government to create a centralized database allowing French citizens to be personally identified by different government services.

SAFARI

Automated System for Administrative Files and Directories of Individuals
The CNIL was created partially in response to public outrage against the SAFARI program, which was an attempt by the French government to create a centralized database allowing French citizens to be personally identified by different government services.
The massive popular rejection of this project promoted the creation of the CNIL to ensure data privacy.

Demographics of France

FranceOtherpopulation of France
It was criticized, for instance, for having authorized "ethnic statistics", forbidden in official demographic statistics.
The law also allows for an exception for public institutions such as the INED or the INSEE whose job it is to collect data on demographics, social trends and other related subjects, on condition that the collection of such data has been authorized by the National Commission for Computer-stocked data and Freedom (CNIL) and the National Council of Statistical Information (CNIS).

Right to be forgotten

Melvin v. Reidallow users to be forgottendata protection laws of Europe
The CNIL has been criticized for attempting to enforce right to be forgotten rulings on search results globally.
In 2015, Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés (CNIL) asked Google to remove data from all versions available in any part of the world.

National identity card (France)

national identity cardFrench national identity cardID card
The official agency in charge of data use monitoring, the 'national commission for computing and liberties' (commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés or CNIL) has no official position since the project hasn't been officially submitted yet.

Google

Google Inc.Google, Inc.Google LLC
In 2016, Google appealed a CNIL right to be forgotten ruling on the grounds that it could set a precedent for abuse by "less open and democratic" governments.
On January 21, 2019, French data regulator CNIL imposed a record €50 million fine on Google for breaching the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The CNIL was created partially in response to public outrage against the SAFARI program, which was an attempt by the French government to create a centralized database allowing French citizens to be personally identified by different government services. The Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés (CNIL, ; National Commission on Informatics and Liberty) is an independent French administrative regulatory body whose mission is to ensure that data privacy law is applied to the collection, storage, and use of personal data.

Information privacy

data protectiondata privacyprivacy
The Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés (CNIL, ; National Commission on Informatics and Liberty) is an independent French administrative regulatory body whose mission is to ensure that data privacy law is applied to the collection, storage, and use of personal data.

Data

statistical datascientific datadatum
The Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés (CNIL, ; National Commission on Informatics and Liberty) is an independent French administrative regulatory body whose mission is to ensure that data privacy law is applied to the collection, storage, and use of personal data.

National data protection authority

data protection authorityNational data protection authoritiesList of data protection authorities by country
Its existence was established by the French loi n° 78-17 on Information Technology, Data Files and Civil Liberty of 6 January 1978, and it is the national data protection authority for France.

Le Monde

Le Monde 2LeMondelemonde.fr
On March 21, 1974, an article in the newspaper Le Monde, "SAFARI ou la chasse aux Français" (SAFARI; or, Hunting Frenchmen) brought public attention to the project.

Jacques Chirac

ChiracPresident ChiracJacques René Chirac
Interior Minister Jacques Chirac, freshly appointed following the events of May 1968, had to face the public uproar.

May 68

May 1968May 1968 in FranceMay 1968 events in France
Interior Minister Jacques Chirac, freshly appointed following the events of May 1968, had to face the public uproar.

Raymond Marcellin

Marcellin law
Chirac was the successor to Raymond Marcellin, who had been forced to resign in the end of February 1974 after having attempted to place wiretaps in the offices of the weekly newspaper Le Canard enchaîné.

Telephone tapping

wiretapwiretappingwiretaps
Chirac was the successor to Raymond Marcellin, who had been forced to resign in the end of February 1974 after having attempted to place wiretaps in the offices of the weekly newspaper Le Canard enchaîné.

Le Canard enchaîné

Canard enchaînéLe Canard EnchainéLe Canard enchaine
Chirac was the successor to Raymond Marcellin, who had been forced to resign in the end of February 1974 after having attempted to place wiretaps in the offices of the weekly newspaper Le Canard enchaîné.

Patrick Poivre d'Arvor

Patrick Poivre d’ArvorPatrick Poivre d’ Arvor
At the beginning of 1980, when the CNIL began its main activities, news anchorman Patrick Poivre d'Arvor announced that the CNIL had registered 125,000 files.

National Assembly (France)

National AssemblyFrench National AssemblyNational Assembly of France
The CNIL is composed of seventeen members from various government entities, four of whom are members of the French parliament (Assemblée nationale and Sénat); twelve of these members are elected by their representative organisations in the CNIL.

Senate (France)

Senate of FranceFrench SenateSenate
The CNIL is composed of seventeen members from various government entities, four of whom are members of the French parliament (Assemblée nationale and Sénat); twelve of these members are elected by their representative organisations in the CNIL.

Parquet (legal)

Parquetparquet général de ParisPublic Ministry
CNIL can warn organisations or people who are found to be non-compliant with the law, and also report them to the Parquet.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
Germany in 1971, Sweden in 1973, and France in 1978 were the first three States to vote for a "Computers and Liberty" law; these work with an independent control authority.

Sweden

SwedishSWEKingdom of Sweden
Germany in 1971, Sweden in 1973, and France in 1978 were the first three States to vote for a "Computers and Liberty" law; these work with an independent control authority.

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOrganisation for European Economic Co-operationOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Amongst these are the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1980, the Council of Europe in 1981 and the United Nations (UN) in 1990.

Council of Europe

CECoEthe Council of Europe
Amongst these are the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1980, the Council of Europe in 1981 and the United Nations (UN) in 1990.