An 1893 redrawing of the 1807 version of the Commissioners' grid plan for Manhattan, a few years before it was adopted in 1811
Peretz Square, Houston Street on left; 1st Street on right
The city blocks of Portland, Oregon; Savannah, Georgia; and Manhattan shown at the same scale
MacDougal Street in Greenwich Village
St. Mark's Place
"A Portraiture of the City of Philadelphia" (1683) by Thomas Holme, the first map of the city.
453–461 Sixth Avenue in the Historic District
Little West 12th Street as viewed from the rooftop of The Standard, High Line
A portion of a map of the city from 1776; De Lancey Square and the grid around it can be seen on the right
Peter Minuit, early 1600s
The intersection of West 4th and West 12th Streets
14th Street–Union Square station
The Mangin–Goerck Plan of 1803; the "warning label" can be seen at the bottom under "Plan of the City of New York"
Pieter Schaghen's 1626 letter saying Manhattan was purchased for 60 guilders.
Street signs at intersection of West 10th and West 4th Streets
Irving Place Theatre, from Northeast corner of Irving Place and East 15th Street
The only known image of John Randel Jr., the Commission's chief surveyor, by an unknown artist, probably Ezra Ames.
The Castello Plan showing the Dutch city of New Amsterdam in 1660, at the southern tip of Manhattan
Map of old Greenwich Village. A section of Bernard Ratzer's map of New York and its suburbs, made ca. 1766 for Henry Moore, royal governor of New York, when Greenwich was more than 2 miles (3 km) from the city.
The Center for Jewish History at 15 West 16th Street
The park-like grounds of the American Museum of Natural Historycalled "Theodore Roosevelt Park" since 1958, but officially part of Central Parkis the only one of the planned public spaces of the Commissioners' Plan which still exists; it was to be "Manhattan Square".
Washington's statue in front of Federal Hall on Wall Street, where in 1789 he was sworn in as first U.S. president
Gay Street at the corner of Waverly Place; the street's name refers to a colonial family, not the LGBT character of Greenwich Village
Bike parking at 17th Street
This one of John Randel's survey bolts marked the location of what would have been Sixth Avenue and 65th Street; the location later became part of Central Park
Manhattan in 1873. The Brooklyn Bridge was under construction from 1870 until 1883
Whitney Museum of American Art's original location, at 8–12 West 8th Street, between Fifth Avenue and MacDougal Street; currently home to the New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture.
33 East 17th Street (NRHP)
One of Randel's 92 detailed "Farm Maps", showing how the Manhattan grid would sit on the island's topography and extant farms and homesteads. This one is bounded by West 36th Street, Sixth Avenue, West 15th Street, and the Hudson River.
The "Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York", commonly known as the Viele Map, was created by Egbert Ludovicus Viele in 1865
The Cherry Lane Theatre is located in Greenwich Village.
Gershwin Hotel on East 27th Street
William M. "Boss" Tweed (1870)
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
The annual Greenwich Village Halloween Parade is the world's largest Halloween parade.
Korea Way in Koreatown, as seen on 32nd Street, with ubiquitous street signage in Hangul (한글)
Central Park is by far the largest interruption of the Commissioners' grid, running from Central Park South (59th Street, at the right) to 110th Street (on the left), and from Fifth Avenue (at the top) to Central Park West (Eighth Avenue, at the bottom), and at 843 acre, taking up a little over 6% of the area of Manhattan island.
Manhattan personified, early 20th century
The Stonewall Inn, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement.
A view of the Empire State Building from 33rd Street and Park Avenue Subway Station
Andrew Haswell Green, a critic of the Commissioners' Plan, headed the Central Park Commission, which created the street plan for Manhattan above 155th Street
V-J Day in Times Square in Times Square, 1945
Blue Note Jazz Club
Shops along Designers' Way
The Knapp map of 1870 shows the progress made in laying out streets above 155th Street as called for in the Central Park Commission's 1868 plan
Flooding on Avenue C caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of Greenwich Village and nearby New York University
Mount Vernon Hotel Museum on East 61st Street
In 1945, Sixth Avenue was officially renamed "Avenue of the Americas", and was adorned with circular signs for each member country of the Organization of American States, such as this one for Venezuela. The name never caught on with New Yorkers, though, who still insist on calling it "Sixth Avenue". After decades of requiring only one official name, the city at last began to co-sign the avenue with both names. Currently, "Avenue of the Americas" is generally only seen on business stationery and official city documents, or heard from the mouths of tourists.
Satellite image of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson River to the west, the Harlem River to the north, the East River to the east, and New York Harbor to the south, with rectangular Central Park prominently visible. Roosevelt Island, in the East River, belongs to Manhattan.
396-397 West Street at West 10th Street is a former hotel which dates from 1904, and is part of the Weehawken Street Historic District
Archdiocesan Cathedral of the Holy Trinity
Frederick Law Olmsted, vociferous critic of the Commissioners' Plan (c.1860)
Location of Manhattan (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Washington Mews in Greenwich Village; an NYU building can be seen in the background
120-130 East 80th Street, with three of the four East 80th Street Houses; the Astor House is on the left, the Whitney House on the right, and the Dillon House is between them.
Clement Clarke Moore objected to the Plan, but made a fortune developing his estate once the Plan's streets were laid down through it. (1897)
Manhattan schist outcropping in Central Park
Christopher Park, part of the Stonewall National Monument
112th Street East of Broadway
Henry James (1910)
Liberty Island is an exclave of Manhattan, of New York City, and of New York State, that is surrounded by New Jersey waters
NYPD 6th Precinct
Butler Library
Lewis Mumford, a vehement critic of the Commissioners' Plan
The Empire State Building in the foreground looking southward from the top of Rockefeller Center, with One World Trade Center in the background, at sunset. The Midtown South Community Council acts as a civic caretaker for much of the neighborhood between the skyscrapers of Midtown and Lower Manhattan.
West Village Post Office
Jewish Theological Seminary
Thomas Janvier, an illustration from In Old New York (1894)
Central Park in autumn
Jefferson Market Library, once a courthouse, now serves as a branch of the New York Public Library.
The Apollo Theater
Jean-Paul Sartre (c.1950)
The Estonian House, the main center of Estonian culture amongst Estonian Americans
Robert De Niro
Western end
Dutch artist Piet Mondrian drew inspiration from the vibrancy of the grid, displaying it in paintings such as Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942).
A. T. Stewart in 1870, 9th Street, Manhattan
Robert Downey Jr.
Underneath; unconnected
Many tall buildings have setbacks on their facade due to the 1916 Zoning Resolution. This is exemplified at Park Avenue and 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan.
Hank Greenberg
East end of 181st Street
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018.
Emma Stone
West 187th Street stairs to Ft. Washington Avenue
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, seen from Brooklyn
90 Bedford Street, used for establishing shot in Friends
The Flatiron District is the center and birthplace of Silicon Alley
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a major cultural venue in Manhattan, it also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million
The New York Times headquarters, 620 Eighth Avenue
Butler Library at Columbia University, with its notable architectural design
Stuyvesant High School, in Tribeca
New York Public Library Main Branch at 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The scene at Manhattan's 2015 LGBT Pride March. The annual event rivals the sister São Paulo event as the world's largest pride parade, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Madison Square Garden is home to the Rangers and Knicks, and hosts some Liberty games
The Skating Pond in Central Park, 1862
Manhattan Municipal Building
James Farley Post Office
A slum tour through the Five Points in an 1885 sketch
Tenement houses in 1936
At the time of its construction, London Terrace in Chelsea was the largest apartment building in the world
Grand Central Terminal is a National Historic Landmark.
Ferries departing Battery Park City and helicopters flying above Manhattan
The Staten Island Ferry, seen from the Battery, crosses Upper New York Bay, providing free public transportation between Staten Island and Manhattan.
The Brooklyn Bridge to the right and the Manhattan Bridge towards the left, are two of the three bridges that connect Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn over the East River.
Eighth Avenue, looking northward ("Uptown"), in the rain; most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration
Tourists looking westward at sunset to observe the July 12, 2016 Manhattanhenge
Ferry service departing Battery Park City towards New Jersey, see from Paulus Hook

The Commissioners' Plan of 1811 was the original design for the streets of Manhattan above Houston Street and below 155th Street, which put in place the rectangular grid plan of streets and lots that has defined Manhattan on its march uptown until the current day.

- Commissioners' Plan of 1811

The New York City borough of Manhattan contains 214 numbered east–west streets ranging from 1st to 228th, the majority of them designated in the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.

- List of numbered streets in Manhattan

Although the numbered streets begin just north of East Houston Street in the East Village, they generally do not extend west into Greenwich Village, which already had established, named streets when the grid plan was laid out by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.

- List of numbered streets in Manhattan

There were a few interruptions in the grid for public spaces, such as the Grand Parade between 23rd Street and 33rd Street, which was the precursor to Madison Square Park, as well as four squares named Bloomingdale, Hamilton, Manhattan, and Harlem, a wholesale market complex, and a reservoir.

- Commissioners' Plan of 1811

As Greenwich Village was once a rural, isolated hamlet to the north of the 17th century European settlement on Manhattan Island, its street layout is more organic than the planned grid pattern of the 19th century grid plan (based on the Commissioners' Plan of 1811).

- Greenwich Village

Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, and the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement.

- Manhattan

From 1797 until 1829, the bucolic village of Greenwich was the location of New York State's first penitentiary, Newgate Prison, on the Hudson River at what is now West 10th Street, near the Christopher Street pier.

- Greenwich Village

The Bayard streets still exist as the core of SoHo and part of Greenwich Village: Mercer, Greene, and Wooster Streets, LaGuardia Place/West Broadway (originally Laurens Street), and Thompson, Sullivan, MacDougal, and Hancock Streets, although the last has been subsumed by the extension of Sixth Avenue.

- Commissioners' Plan of 1811

The Commissioners' Plan of 1811 laid out the island of Manhattan in its familiar grid plan.

- Manhattan

Little Island opened on the Hudson River in May 2021, connected to the western termini of 13th and 14th Streets by footbridges.

- Manhattan
An 1893 redrawing of the 1807 version of the Commissioners' grid plan for Manhattan, a few years before it was adopted in 1811

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14th Street looking west from Fifth Avenue

14th Street (Manhattan)

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14th Street looking west from Fifth Avenue
14th Street–Union Square station

14th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, traveling between Eleventh Avenue on Manhattan's West Side and Avenue C on Manhattan's East Side.

It is also considered the northern boundary of Greenwich Village, Alphabet City, and the East Village, and the southern boundary of Chelsea, Flatiron/Lower Midtown, and Gramercy.

West of Third Avenue, 14th Street marks the southern terminus of western Manhattan's grid system.

Arthur Schwartz, a lawyer who lives on nearby 12th Street, blocked the plan by filing several injunctions to halt its implementation.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red

Broadway (Manhattan)

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Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red
Broadway in 1834
Broadway in 1860
Somerindyke House, Bloomingdale Road, middle 19th century
Looking north from Broome Street (circa 1853–55)
In 1885, the Broadway commercial district was overrun with telephone, telegraph, and electrical lines. This view was north from Cortlandt and Maiden Lane.
The segment of Broadway in Times Square
A view up Broadway from Bowling Green, with the Chrysler Building visible in the background
A view of Broadway in 1909
Broadway looking north from 48th Street in the Theater District
X-shaped intersection of Broadway (from lower right to upper left) and Amsterdam Avenue (lower left to upper right), looking north from Sherman Square to West 72nd Street and the treetops of Verdi Square
Broadway at Dyckman Street in Inwood
North Broadway (U.S. 9) in Yonkers
The Washington Irving Memorial on North Broadway in Irvington, not far from Irving's home, Sunnyside
Canyon of Heroes during a ticker-tape parade for the Apollo 11 astronauts on August 13, 1969
Broadway under the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line's elevated structure in the Bronx
Plan of 1868 for an "arcade railway"
International Mercantile Marine Company Building

Broadway runs from State Street at Bowling Green for 13 mi through the borough of Manhattan and 2 mi through the Bronx, exiting north from New York City to run an additional 18 mi through the Westchester County municipalities of Yonkers, Hastings-On-Hudson, Dobbs Ferry, Irvington, and Tarrytown, and terminating north of Sleepy Hollow.

In the late 1900s and early 1910s, several large automobile showrooms, stores, and garages were built on Broadway, including the U.S. Rubber Company Building at 58th Street, the B.F. Goodrich showroom at 1780 Broadway (between 58th and 57th Streets), the Fisk Building at 250 West 57th Street, and the Demarest and Peerless Buildings at 224 West 57th Street.

Broadway marks the boundary between Greenwich Village to the west and the East Village to the east, passing Astor Place.

Because Broadway preceded the grid that the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 imposed on the island, Broadway crosses midtown Manhattan diagonally, intersecting with both the east–west streets and north–south avenues.

Looking east from Orchard Street

Houston Street

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Major east–west thoroughfare in Lower Manhattan in New York City.

Major east–west thoroughfare in Lower Manhattan in New York City.

Looking east from Orchard Street
Houston Street (1917) by George Luks
East Houston Street between Clinton and Suffolk Streets in the 1920s
Houston Street at Lafayette Street in 1974

It runs the full width of the island of Manhattan, from FDR Drive along the East River in the east to the West Side Highway along the Hudson River in the west.

Houston Street generally serves as the boundary between neighborhoods on the East Side of Manhattan—Alphabet City, the East Village, NoHo, Greenwich Village, and the West Village to the north, and the Lower East Side, most of the Bowery, Nolita, and SoHo to the south.

The numeric street-naming grid in Manhattan, created as part of the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, begins immediately north of Houston Street with 1st Street at Avenue A.

East Village, Manhattan

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Neighborhood on the East Side of Lower Manhattan in New York City.

Neighborhood on the East Side of Lower Manhattan in New York City.

Stuyvesant Street, one of the neighborhood's oldest streets, in front of St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery. This street served as the boundary between boweries 1 and 2, owned by Peter Stuyvesant.
Former German-American Shooting Society Clubhouse at 12 St Mark's Place (1885), part of Little Germany
The Village East Cinema/Louis N. Jaffe Theater was originally a Jewish theater
St. Nicholas Kirche at East 2nd Street, just west of Avenue A. The church and almost all buildings on the street were demolished in 1960 and replaced with parking lots for the Village View Houses
The Phyllis Anderson Theater, one of several theaters that were originally Yiddish theaters
A wall in the East Village in 1998, featuring a mural of two men
"Extra Place", an obscure side street off of East 1st Street, just east of the Bowery
East 5th Street between Second Avenue and Cooper Square is a typical side street in the heart of the East Village
Once synonymous with "Bowery Bums", the Bowery area has become a magnet for luxury condominiums as the East Village neighborhood's rapid gentrification continues
Taras Shevchenko Place, with St. George's Church on the north side, and St. George Academy on the south side.
1st Avenue, looking north at 10th Street
The Nuyorican Poets Café has been located off Avenue C and East 3rd Street since its founding in 1973.
The Bowery Poetry Club
Sherry Vine and Joey Arias during the 2009 HOWL! Festival
Tompkins Square Park is the recreational and geographic heart of the East Village. It has historically been a part of counterculture, protest and riots
A production of John Reed's All the World's a Grave in the New York Marble Cemetery, which does not contain headstones
Ladder Co. 3/Battalion 6
USPS Cooper Station post office
New York Public Library, Ottendorfer branch
Punk rock icon and writer Richard Hell still lives in the same apartment in Alphabet City that he has had since the 1970s
Miss Understood stops a bus in front of the Lucky Cheng's restaurant at 2nd Street on First Avenue.
Lotti Golden, Lower East Side, 1968
First Houses
Webster Hall
128 East 13th Street

By the middle of the century, it grew to include a large immigrant population—including what was once referred to as Manhattan's Little Germany—and was considered part of the nearby Lower East Side.

This contrasted with the grid system that was ultimately laid out under the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, which is offset by 28.9 degrees clockwise.

The city built First Houses on the south side of East 3rd Street between First Avenue and Avenue A, and on the west side of Avenue A between East 2nd and East 3rd Streets in 1935–1936, the first such public housing project in the United States.

In the 1950s and 1960s, the migration of Beatniks into the neighborhood later attracted hippies, musicians, writers, and artists who had been priced out of the rapidly gentrifying Greenwich Village.

Union Square looking north from 14th Street (May 2010)

Union Square, Manhattan

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Union Square looking north from 14th Street (May 2010)
Union Park New York (East side), New York Public Library
George Washington Statue at Union Square
Union Square in 1908
The renovated pavilion at the north end of the park in February 2011
W New York Union Square; the Everett Building can be seen at left
Mohandas Gandhi
The outdoor Greenmarket Farmers Market, held four days each week
The former Kellogg's cafe at Union Square; the AT&T Wireless store is underneath it and next to the entrance
Spectators watch as a street chess player plays bullet chess with a customer in Union Square.
{{center|Boy selling newspapers in Union Square, July 1910}}
{{center|The square in the blizzard of 2006}}
{{center|14th Street–Union Square station entrance}}
{{center|Metronome by Kristin Jones/Andrew Ginzel (1999)}}
{{center|Metronome revision by Andrew Boyd and Gan Golan (2020)}}
{{center|Union Square West (2011), including the Bank of the Metropolis Building and Decker Building, on the left (downtown) end of the block}}
{{center|Former Germania Life Insurance Company Building, now the W New York Union Square Hotel}}
{{center|Former Union Square Savings Bank, now the Daryl Roth Theatre}}
{{center|Zeckendorf Towers with the renovated north plaza of the park in the foreground, and the Con Ed Building in the background}}

Union Square is a historic intersection and surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City, located where Broadway and the former Bowery Road – now Fourth Avenue – came together in the early 19th century.

The current Union Square Park is bounded by 14th Street on the south, 17th Street on the north, and Union Square West and Union Square East to the west and east respectively.

Adjacent neighborhoods are the Flatiron District to the north, Chelsea to the west, Greenwich Village to the southwest, East Village to the southeast, and Gramercy Park to the east.

When John Randel was surveying the island in preparation for the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, the Bloomingdale Road (now Broadway) angled away from the Bowery at an acute angle.

The "skyscraper alley" of International Style buildings along the avenue looking north from 40th Street to Central Park

Sixth Avenue

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The "skyscraper alley" of International Style buildings along the avenue looking north from 40th Street to Central Park
Looking north from 14th Street in 1905, with the Sixth Avenue El on the right
The historic Ladies' Mile shopping district that thrived along Sixth Avenue left behind some of the largest retail spaces in the city. Beginning in the 1990s, the buildings began to be reused after being dormant for decades.
Sixth Avenue in 1922
Sign for Venezuela on Sixth Avenue
Jefferson Market Library in Greenwich Village

Sixth Avenue – also known as Avenue of the Americas, although this name is seldom used by New Yorkers – is a major thoroughfare in New York City's borough of Manhattan, on which traffic runs northbound, or "uptown".

From this beginning, Sixth Avenue traverses SoHo and Greenwich Village, roughly divides Chelsea from the Flatiron District and NoMad, passes through the Garment District and skirts the edge of the Theater District while passing through Midtown Manhattan.

Sixth Avenue was laid out in the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.

Sights along Sixth Avenue include Juan Pablo Duarte Square; with the polychrome High Victorian Gothic Jefferson Market Courthouse, currently occupied by the Jefferson Market Library; the surviving stretch of grand department stores of 1880 to 1900 in the Ladies' Mile Historic District that runs from 18th Street to 23rd Street; the former wholesale flower district; Herald Square at 34th Street, site of Macy's department store; Bryant Park from 40th to 42nd Streets; and the corporate stretch above 42nd Street, which includes the Bank of America Tower, W. R. Grace Building, International Center of Photography, Rockefeller Center — including the Time-Life Building, News Corp. Building, Exxon Building and McGraw-Hill Building, as well as Radio City Music Hall.