In Kazakhstan
A parent feeding chicks in their nest in a New Zealand garden
Common cuckoo in flight
Female of subspecies merula
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A Song Thrush in Germany
A Eurasian cuckoo (C. c. bakeri) from Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary in East Sikkim, India.
Historic image of blackbird in Nederlandsche Vogelen (1770)
Male (left) passing earthworms to female on nest
In flight
Cuckoo adult (top) mimics sparrowhawk, giving female time to lay eggs parasitically
Male blackbird with earthworm
The mistle thrush derives its English and scientific names from mistletoe, a favourite food.
Juvenile in New Zealand
This Eurasian reed warbler is raising a common cuckoo.
Adult male feeding on cherries in Lausanne, Switzerland
A castor bean tick swollen with the blood of its host
Juvenile in a forest near Dombaih, Russia (Caucasus Mountains)
Cuckoo eggs mimicking smaller eggs, in this case of reed warbler
A male attempting to distract a kestrel close to its nest
Mistle Thrush and Alpine Chough by Giovanni da Udine
Three eggs in a nest
Cuculus canorus canorus in a nest Acrocephalus arundinaceus - MHNT
"Sing a Song for Sixpence" cover illustration
Broken shells of grove snails on an 'anvil'
Cuculus canorus bangsi in a nest Phoenicurus moussieri - MHNT
T. m. cabrerae on Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
In New Zealand
A chick of the common cuckoo in the nest of a tree pipit
Juvenile T. m. merula in England
Song thrush in Slovenia
Golden cuckoo in the coat of arms of Suomenniemi
Young adult T. m. merula in Oxfordshire
A leucistic adult male in England with much white in the plumage
Eggs, Collection Museum Wiesbaden
Eggs in a nest
Two chicks in a nest

Although two European thrushes, the song thrush and mistle thrush, are early offshoots from the Eurasian lineage of Turdus thrushes after they spread north from Africa, the blackbird is descended from ancestors that had colonised the Canary Islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there.

- Common blackbird

A molecular study indicated that the song thrush's closest relatives are the similarly plumaged mistle thrush (T. viscivorus) and Chinese thrush (T. mupinensis); these three species are early offshoots from the Eurasian lineage of Turdus thrushes after they spread north from Africa.

- Song thrush

They are less closely related to other European thrush species such as the blackbird (T. merula) which are descended from ancestors that had colonised the Caribbean islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there.

- Song thrush

A mitochondrial DNA study identified the mistle thrush's closest relatives as the similarly plumaged song and Chinese thrushes; these three species are early offshoots from the Eurasian lineage of Turdus thrushes after they spread north from Africa.

- Mistle thrush

They are less closely related to other European thrush species such as the blackbird (T. merula) which are descended from ancestors that had colonised the Caribbean islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there.

- Mistle thrush

The song thrush is occasionally a host of parasitic cuckoos, such as the common cuckoo, but this is very rare because the thrush recognizes the cuckoo's non-mimetic eggs.

- Song thrush

This species is occasionally a host of parasitic cuckoos, such as the common cuckoo (Cuculus canorus), but this is minimal because the common blackbird recognizes the adult of the parasitic species and its non-mimetic eggs.

- Common blackbird

The mistle thrush is not normally a host of the common cuckoo, a brood parasite.

- Mistle thrush

277) Common blackbird (Turdus merula)

- Common cuckoo

279) Song thrush (Turdus philomelos)

- Common cuckoo

283) Mistle thrush (Turdus viscivorus)

- Common cuckoo

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