Female of subspecies merula
A parent feeding chicks in their nest in a New Zealand garden
Historic image of blackbird in Nederlandsche Vogelen (1770)
A Song Thrush in Germany
Male blackbird with earthworm
In flight
Adult male feeding on cherries in Lausanne, Switzerland
Juvenile in New Zealand
A male attempting to distract a kestrel close to its nest
Juvenile in a forest near Dombaih, Russia (Caucasus Mountains)
"Sing a Song for Sixpence" cover illustration
Three eggs in a nest
T. m. cabrerae on Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
Broken shells of grove snails on an 'anvil'
Juvenile T. m. merula in England
In New Zealand
Young adult T. m. merula in Oxfordshire
A leucistic adult male in England with much white in the plumage
Eggs, Collection Museum Wiesbaden
Eggs in a nest
Two chicks in a nest

Although two European thrushes, the song thrush and mistle thrush, are early offshoots from the Eurasian lineage of Turdus thrushes after they spread north from Africa, the blackbird is descended from ancestors that had colonised the Canary Islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there.

- Common blackbird

They are less closely related to other European thrush species such as the blackbird (T. merula) which are descended from ancestors that had colonised the Caribbean islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there.

- Song thrush

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Mistle thrush

Bird common to much of Europe, temperate Asia and North Africa.

Bird common to much of Europe, temperate Asia and North Africa.

In Kazakhstan
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Male (left) passing earthworms to female on nest
The mistle thrush derives its English and scientific names from mistletoe, a favourite food.
A castor bean tick swollen with the blood of its host
Mistle Thrush and Alpine Chough by Giovanni da Udine

A mitochondrial DNA study identified the mistle thrush's closest relatives as the similarly plumaged song and Chinese thrushes; these three species are early offshoots from the Eurasian lineage of Turdus thrushes after they spread north from Africa.

They are less closely related to other European thrush species such as the blackbird (T. merula) which are descended from ancestors that had colonised the Caribbean islands from Africa and subsequently reached Europe from there.

Common cuckoo

Member of the cuckoo order of birds, Cuculiformes, which includes the roadrunners, the anis and the coucals.

Member of the cuckoo order of birds, Cuculiformes, which includes the roadrunners, the anis and the coucals.

Common cuckoo in flight
A Eurasian cuckoo (C. c. bakeri) from Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary in East Sikkim, India.
Cuckoo adult (top) mimics sparrowhawk, giving female time to lay eggs parasitically
This Eurasian reed warbler is raising a common cuckoo.
Cuckoo eggs mimicking smaller eggs, in this case of reed warbler
Cuculus canorus canorus in a nest Acrocephalus arundinaceus - MHNT
Cuculus canorus bangsi in a nest Phoenicurus moussieri - MHNT
A chick of the common cuckoo in the nest of a tree pipit
Golden cuckoo in the coat of arms of Suomenniemi

277) Common blackbird (Turdus merula)

279) Song thrush (Turdus philomelos)