Body of law created by judges and similar quasi-judicial tribunals by virtue of being stated in written opinions.- Common law
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Primary legislation and secondary legislation (the latter also called delegated legislation or subordinate legislation ) are two forms of law, created respectively by the legislative and executive branches of governments in representative democracies.
Civil law systems are almost universal in Europe (with the exceptions of England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which are Common Law systems), as well as in Central and South America, much of Africa and Asia.
Legal system originating in mainland Europe and adopted in much of the world.
The civil law system is often contrasted with the common law system, which originated in medieval England, whose intellectual framework historically came from uncodified judge-made case law, and gives precedential authority to prior court decisions.
In certain jurisdictions a written explanation by a judge or group of judges that accompanies an order or ruling in a case, laying out the rationale and legal principles for the ruling.
Published opinions of courts are also collectively referred to as case law, and constitute in the common law legal systems one of the major sources of law.
Composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
As a result, its constitutional, legal, linguistic, and cultural legacy is widespread.
Procedural law, adjective law, in some jurisdictions referred to as remedial law, or rules of court, comprises the rules by which a court hears and determines what happens in civil, lawsuit, criminal or administrative proceedings.
The rules are designed to ensure a fair and consistent application of due process (in the U.S.) or fundamental justice (in other common law countries) to all cases that come before a court.
Legally enforceable agreement that creates, defines, and governs mutual rights and obligations among its parties.
The various systems of contract law can broadly be split between common law jurisdictions, civil law jurisdictions, and mixed law jurisdictions which combine elements of both common and civil law.
Process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming a legal code, i.e. a codex of law.
In common law systems, such as that of English law, codification is the process of converting and consolidating judge-made law into statute law.
At common law, damages are a remedy in the form of a monetary award to be paid to a claimant as compensation for loss or injury.
Particular body of law that was developed in the English Court of Chancery.
It exists in domestic law, both in civil law and in common law systems, and in international law.
The Court of Chancery was a court of equity in England and Wales that followed a set of loose rules to avoid the slow pace of change and possible harshness (or "inequity") of the common law.