Commoner

commonerscommon peoplecommon mansubjectsthe massescommonmassessubjectcommon personCommons
The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.wikipedia
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Nobility

noblemannoblenobles
The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.
Prior to the French Revolution, European nobles typically commanded tribute in the form of entitlement to cash rents or usage taxes, labour or a portion of the annual crop yield from commoners or nobles of lower rank who lived or worked on the noble's manor or within his seigneurial domain.

Estates of the realm

EstatesThird Estateestate
They were the third of the Three Estates of the Realm in medieval Europe, consisting of peasants and artisans.
France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners).

Hoi polloi

massesthe great unwashedmasa
In English, it has been given a negative connotation to signify deprecation of the working class, commoners, the masses or common people in a derogatory or (more often today) ironic sense.

Aam Aadmi

Aam Aadmi Bima YojanaNational Rural Employment Programme
Aam Aadmi (Hindi: आम आदमी, Urdu: ) — literal translation: "ordinary man" (ām meaning ordinary + ādmī meaning man) — is a Hindustani colloquial expression and the equivalent of "the Average Joe."

Plain folks

A plain folks argument is one in which the speaker presents him or herself as an average Joe — a common person who can understand and empathize with a listener's concerns.

Royal family

royaltyroyalroyal families
The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.

Clergy

clergymanclericclerics
The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy. This threefold division was formalised in the estate system of social stratification, where again commoners were the bulk of the population who are neither members of the nobility nor of the clergy.

Aristocracy (class)

aristocrataristocraticaristocrats
The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
Various states throughout history have governed, or claimed to govern, in the name of the common people.

Classical antiquity

antiquityclassicalancient
In Europe, a distinct concept analogous to common people arose in the Classical civilization of ancient Rome around the 6th century BC, with the social division into patricians (nobles) and plebeians (commoners).

Patrician (ancient Rome)

patricianpatrikiospatricians
In Europe, a distinct concept analogous to common people arose in the Classical civilization of ancient Rome around the 6th century BC, with the social division into patricians (nobles) and plebeians (commoners).

Plebs

plebeianplebeiansplebe
In Europe, a distinct concept analogous to common people arose in the Classical civilization of ancient Rome around the 6th century BC, with the social division into patricians (nobles) and plebeians (commoners).

Servius Tullius

her fatherServianServius
The division may have been instituted by Servius Tullius, as an alternative to the previous clan-based divisions that had been responsible for internecine conflict.

History of Athens

Athensancient AthensAthenian
The early organisation of Ancient Athens was something of an exception with certain official roles like archons, magistrates and treasurers being reserved for only the wealthiest citizens – these class-like divisions were weakened by the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes who created new vertical social divisions in contrasting fashion to the horizontal ones thought to have been created by Tullius.

Archon

archonsarchōnarchont
The early organisation of Ancient Athens was something of an exception with certain official roles like archons, magistrates and treasurers being reserved for only the wealthiest citizens – these class-like divisions were weakened by the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes who created new vertical social divisions in contrasting fashion to the horizontal ones thought to have been created by Tullius.

Cleisthenes

KleisthenesClisthenesCleisthenes of Athens
The early organisation of Ancient Athens was something of an exception with certain official roles like archons, magistrates and treasurers being reserved for only the wealthiest citizens – these class-like divisions were weakened by the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes who created new vertical social divisions in contrasting fashion to the horizontal ones thought to have been created by Tullius.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
Both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire used the Latin term Senatus Populusque Romanus, (the Senate and People of Rome).

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire used the Latin term Senatus Populusque Romanus, (the Senate and People of Rome).

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
Both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire used the Latin term Senatus Populusque Romanus, (the Senate and People of Rome).

SPQR

People of RomeSenate and People of RomeRoman people
Both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire used the Latin term Senatus Populusque Romanus, (the Senate and People of Rome).

Roman emperor

EmperoremperorsWestern Roman Emperor
This term was fixed to Roman legionary standards, and even after the Roman Emperors achieved a state of total personal autarchy, they continued to wield their power in the name of the Senate and People of Rome.

Autocracy

autocraticautocratabsolutism
This term was fixed to Roman legionary standards, and even after the Roman Emperors achieved a state of total personal autarchy, they continued to wield their power in the name of the Senate and People of Rome.

Augustine of Hippo

AugustineSt. AugustineSaint Augustine
Saint Augustine postulated that social division was a result of the Fall of Man.

Fall of man

Fallthe FallThe Fall of Man
Saint Augustine postulated that social division was a result of the Fall of Man.

Social stratification

social hierarchystratificationstratified
This threefold division was formalised in the estate system of social stratification, where again commoners were the bulk of the population who are neither members of the nobility nor of the clergy.