Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealthQueen of Rhodesiarealm15 other countries15 other Commonwealth countries15 other independent countriesCommonwealth nationsConstitutional monarchy
A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state in which Queen Elizabeth II is the reigning constitutional monarch and head of state.wikipedia
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Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth IIthe QueenQueen
A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state in which Queen Elizabeth II is the reigning constitutional monarch and head of state.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level.

Barbados

BarbadianBarbadoesBajan
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
On 30 November 1966, Barbados became an independent state and Commonwealth realm with Elizabeth II as its queen.

Jamaica

JAMJamaicanJamaica, West Indies
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
Politically it is a Commonwealth realm, with Elizabeth II as its queen.

Belize

British HondurasBelizeanBelizian
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
Belize is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state.

Constitutional monarchy

constitutional monarchiesconstitutional monarchconstitutional
A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state in which Queen Elizabeth II is the reigning constitutional monarch and head of state.
The United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms are all constitutional monarchies in the Westminster system of constitutional governance.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
All 16 Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations, an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states.
The Queen is the head of state of 16 member states, known as the Commonwealth realms, while 32 other members are republics and five others have different monarchs.

Proclamation of accession of Elizabeth II

accessionproclaimed queenaccession of Elizabeth II
In 1952, Britain's proclamation of Elizabeth II's accession used the term realms to describe the seven sovereign states of which she was queen—the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon.
Elizabeth II was proclaimed queen throughout the Commonwealth realm after her father, King George VI, died in the night between 5 and 6 February 1952, while Elizabeth was in Kenya.

Tuvalu

Ellice IslandsElliceEllice group
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
Tuvalu became fully independent within the Commonwealth on 1 October 1978.

Monarchy of Antigua and Barbuda

Queen of Antigua and BarbudaQueenMonarch
Antigua and Barbuda is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch and head of state since 1 November 1981.

Monarchy of Barbados

Queen of BarbadosQueenmonarchy
Although the person of the sovereign is equally shared with 15 other independent countries within the Commonwealth of Nations, each country's monarchy is separate and legally distinct.

Monarchy of Australia

Queen of AustraliaMonarchKing of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas
Australia is thus one of the Commonwealth realms, sixteen independent countries that share the same person as monarch and head of state.

Monarchy of Canada

Queen of CanadaCanadian monarchCanadian Royal Family
During his tenure as Governor General of Canada, Lord Tweedsmuir urged the organisation of a royal tour of the country by King George VI, so that he might not only appear in person before his people, but also personally perform constitutional duties and pay a state visit to the United States as king of Canada.
Although the person of the sovereign is shared with 15 other independent countries within the Commonwealth of Nations, each country's monarchy is separate and legally distinct.

The Bahamas

BahamasBahamianBahama Islands
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
The Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1973 being led by Sir Lynden O. Pindling, with Elizabeth II as its queen.

Papua New Guinea

Papua-New GuineaPapua New GuineanPNG
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Elizabeth II as its queen.

Monarchy of New Zealand

Queen of New ZealandMonarchKing of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas
The person who is the New Zealand monarch is today shared with 15 other countries within the Commonwealth of Nations, all being independent and the monarchy of each legally distinct.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and NevisSt Kitts and NevisKittitian
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.
The country is a Commonwealth realm, with Elizabeth II as queen and head of state.

Monarchy of the Bahamas

Queen of the BahamasMonarchQueen
The Bahamas share the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms.

Monarchy of Grenada

Queen of GrenadaQueenMonarch
The present monarch is Elizabeth II, who is also Sovereign of a number of the other Commonwealth realms.

Monarchy of Jamaica

Queen of JamaicaMonarchQueen
She, her consort, and other members of the Royal Family undertake various public and private functions across Jamaica and on behalf of the country abroad.

Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations

Member state of the Commonwealth of NationsCommonwealth nationsCommonwealth countries
All 16 Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations, an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states.
Currently, sixteen of the 53 member states are Commonwealth realms, with the Head of the Commonwealth as their heads of state, five others are monarchies with their own individual monarchs (Brunei, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malaysia and Tonga), and the rest are republics.

Monarchy of Papua New Guinea

Queen of Papua New GuineaQueenMonarch
Although the person of the sovereign is equally shared with 15 other independent countries within the Commonwealth of Nations, each country's monarchy is separate and legally distinct.

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council

Privy CouncilJudicial CommitteeJudicial Committee of the British Privy Council
The United Kingdom no longer possesses legislative power over any other country; however, some countries continue, by their own choice, to use the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council as part of their own judiciary, usually as the highest court of appeal.
In Commonwealth realms, appeals are nominally made to "Her Majesty in Council" (i.e. the British monarch as formally advised by her Privy Counsellors), who then refers the case to the Judicial Committee for "advice", while in Commonwealth republics retaining the JCPC as their final court of appeal, appeals are made directly to the Judicial Committee itself.

Monarchy of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Queen of Saint Kitts and NevisMonarchQueen
The present monarch is Elizabeth II, who is also Sovereign of the other Commonwealth realms.

List of titles and honours of Elizabeth II

List of titles and honours of Queen Elizabeth IIQueen Elizabeth IIa unique Barbadian title
However, though the monarchy is therefore no longer an exclusively British institution, having become "domesticated" in each of the realms, it may in the media and legal fields often still be elaborated as the British Crown for reasons historical, of convenience, or political, regardless of the different, specific, and official national titles and terms used when addressing the Queen of the citizenry in each jurisdiction.
Elizabeth II (born 21 April 1926) has held numerous titles and honours, both during and before her time as monarch of each of her Commonwealth realms.