Communication

communicationscommunicatecommunication skillscorrespondencesocial communicationcommunicatingoral communicationcommunicativemiscommunicationcommunications technologies
Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.wikipedia
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Models of communication

communication modelcommunicationcommunications psychology
The main steps inherent to all communication are:
Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
Human communication is unique for its extensive use of abstract language.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.

Telecommunication

telecommunicationscommunicationstelecom
Development of civilization has been closely linked with progress in telecommunication.
Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between communication participants includes the use of technology.

Message

communiquémessagingcommunique
2) Message composition (further internal or technical elaboration on what exactly to express).
A message is a discrete unit of communication intended by the source for consumption by some recipient or group of recipients.

Code

encodingencodedencode
3) Message encoding (for example, into digital data, written text, speech, pictures, gestures and so on).
In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.

Writing

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3) Message encoding (for example, into digital data, written text, speech, pictures, gestures and so on).
Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.

Technology

technologiestechnologicaltechnical
2) Message composition (further internal or technical elaboration on what exactly to express).
Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

Media (communication)

mediamediumcommunication media
4) Transmission of the encoded message as a sequence of signals using a specific channel or medium.
Media is the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.

Sign

Signsindicationportent
Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.
Human language and discourse, communication, philosophy, science, logic, mathematics, poetry, theology, and religion are only some of fields of human study and activity where grasping the nature of signs and symbols and patterns of signification may have a decisive value.

Organization

organisationorganizationsorganisations
Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.
An organisation is defined by the elements that are part of it (who belongs to the organisation and who does not?), its communication (which elements communicate and how do they communicate?), its autonomy (which changes are executed autonomously by the organisation or its elements?), and its rules of action compared to outside events (what causes an organisation to act as a collective actor?).

Gesture

gesturesgesturalgesticulation
3) Message encoding (for example, into digital data, written text, speech, pictures, gestures and so on).
One of his greatest works and foundation for communication was the "Institutio Oratoria" where he explains his observations and nature of different oratories.

Constructed language

constructedconlangconstructed languages
Constructed languages such as Esperanto, programming languages, and various mathematical formalism is not necessarily restricted to the properties shared by human languages.
There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language, such as to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code), to give fiction or an associated constructed setting an added layer of realism, for experimentation in the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and machine learning, for artistic creation, and for language games.

Biosemiotics

biosemioticbiosemiotician(bio)semiotics
Biosemiotics which examines communication in and between living organisms in general.
signification, communication and habit formation of living processes

Globalization

globalisationglobalizedglobal
Cultural aspects of communication are of great relevance in today's world which is now a global village, thanks to globalisation.
Globalization has grown due to advances in transportation and communication technology.

Mind

mentalhuman mindmental content
2) Message composition (further internal or technical elaboration on what exactly to express).
Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques based on experiential relationship building, dialogue, communication and behavior change and that are designed to improve the mental health of a client or patient, or to improve group relationships (such as in a family).

Information exchange

information sharingshare informationinformation-sharing
Every information exchange between living organisms — i.e. transmission of signals that involve a living sender and receiver can be considered a form of communication; and even primitive creatures such as corals are competent to communicate.
Information exchange or information sharing are informal terms that can either refer to bidirectional information transfer in telecommunications and computer science or communication seen from a system-theoretic or information-theoretic point of view.

Human communication

anthroposemioticscommunicatecommunication
The study of animal communication, called zoo semiotics (distinguishable from anthroposemiotics, the study of human communication) has played an important part in the development of ethology, sociobiology, and the study of animal cognition.
Human communication, or anthroposemiotics, is the field dedicated to understanding how humans communicate.

Paper

sheetpaper makingpaper manufacturing
2) The next step occurred when writing began to appear on paper, papyrus, clay, wax, and other media with commonly shared writing systems, leading to adaptable alphabets. Communication became mobile.
For communication: between individuals and/or groups of people.

Paul Watzlawick

WatzlawickIvan Boszormenyi-Nagy, Paul WatzlawickPaul Wazlawick
Nonverbal communication demonstrates one of Paul Wazlawick's laws: you cannot not communicate.
Other scientific contributions include works on radical constructivism and most importantly his theory on communication.

Conversation

discussionbanteraddressee
Shannon and Weaver also recognized that often there is static that interferes with one listening to a telephone conversation, which they deemed noise.
Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.

Intrapersonal communication

intrapersonalinner speechself talk
This commonly held rule in some sense ignores autocommunication, including intrapersonal communication via diaries or self-talk, both secondary phenomena that followed the primary acquisition of communicative competences within social interactions.
Intrapersonal communication is a communicator's internal use of language or thought.

Cellular communication (biology)

cellular communicationcell communicationcell-cell recognition
Nonhuman communication also include cell signaling, cellular communication, and chemical transmissions between primitive organisms like bacteria and within the plant and fungal kingdoms.
Communication

Autism

autisticautistic disorderautistic children
Psychological noise. Certain attitudes can also make communication difficult. For instance, great anger or sadness may cause someone to lose focus on the present moment. Disorders such as autism may also severely hamper effective communication.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.

Semiotics

semioticsemioticiansemiology
This commonly held rule in some sense ignores autocommunication, including intrapersonal communication via diaries or self-talk, both secondary phenomena that followed the primary acquisition of communicative competences within social interactions. Holistic approaches are used by communication campaign leaders and communication strategists in order to examine all the options, "actors" and channels that can generate change in the semiotic landscape, that is, change in perceptions, change in credibility, change in the "memetic background", change in the image of movements, of candidates, players and managers as perceived by key influencers that can have a role in generating the desired "end-state".
To explain the relationship between semiotics and communication studies, communication is defined as the process of transferring data and-or meaning from a source to a receiver.

Semantics

semanticsemanticallymeaning
2) Semantic (study of relationships between signs and symbols and what they represent) and
Further related fields include philology, communication, and semiotics.