Communication

communicationsSocial Communicationcommunicatecommunication skillscorrespondencecommunicatingoral communicationcommunicativemiscommunicationcommunications technologies
Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.wikipedia
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Models of communication

communication modelcommunicationcommunications psychology
Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
Human communication is unique for its extensive use of abstract language.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; a language is any specific example of such a system.

Telecommunication

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Development of civilization has been closely linked with progress in telecommunication.
Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between communication participants includes the use of technology.

Code

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In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.

Message

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Together, communication content and form make messages that are sent towards a destination.
A message is a discrete unit of communication intended by the source for consumption by some recipient or group of recipients.

Writing

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Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language with signs and symbols.

Technology

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Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

Media (communication)

mediamediumcommunication media
Communication is usually described along a few major dimensions: Message (what type of things are communicated), source / emisor / sender / encoder (by whom), form (in which form), channel (through which medium), destination / receiver / target / decoder (to whom), and Receiver.
Media are the communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.

Sign

indicationportentsigns
Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.
Human language and discourse, communication, philosophy, science, logic, mathematics, poetry, theology, and religion are only some of fields of human study and activity where grasping the nature of signs and symbols and patterns of signification may have a decisive value.

Gesture

gesturesgesturalgesticulation
Examples of nonverbal communication include haptic communication, chronemic communication, gestures, body language, facial expressions, eye contact etc. Nonverbal communication also relates to the intent of a message.
A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication or non-vocal communication in which visible bodily actions communicate particular messages, either in place of, or in conjunction with, speech.

Organization

organisationorganizationsorganisations
Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.
An organisation is defined by the elements that are part of it (who belongs to the organisation and who does not?), its communication (which elements communicate and how do they communicate?), its autonomy (which changes are executed autonomously by the organisation or its elements?), and its rules of action compared to outside events (what causes an organisation to act as a collective actor?).

Constructed language

constructedconlangconstructed languages
Constructed languages such as Esperanto, programming languages, and various mathematical formalisms are not necessarily restricted to the properties shared by human languages.
There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language, such as to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code); to give fiction or an associated constructed setting an added layer of realism; for experimentation in the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and machine learning; for artistic creation; and for language games.

Globalization

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Cultural aspects of communication are of great relevance in today's world which is now a global village, thanks to globalisation.
Globalization has grown due to advances in transportation and communication technology.

Cell signaling

cell signallingsignallingsignaling pathway
Nonhuman communication also include cell signaling, cellular communication, and chemical transmissions between primitive organisms like bacteria and within the plant and fungal kingdoms.
In biology, cell signaling (cell signalling in British English) is part of any communication process that governs basic activities of cells and coordinates multiple-cell actions.

Mind

mentalhuman mindmental content
Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques based on experiential relationship building, dialogue, communication and behavior change and that are designed to improve the mental health of a client or patient, or to improve group relationships (such as in a family).

Information exchange

information sharingshare informationinformation-sharing
Every information exchange between living organisms — i.e. transmission of signals that involve a living sender and receiver can be considered a form of communication; and even primitive creatures such as corals are competent to communicate.
These are terms that can either refer to bidirectional information transfer in telecommunications and computer science or communication seen from a system-theoretic or information-theoretic point of view.

Public relations

PRpublic relationpublic affairs
Business communication is used for a wide variety of activities including, but not limited to: strategic communications planning, media relations, public relations (which can include social media, broadcast and written communications, and more), brand management, reputation management, speech-writing, customer-client relations, and internal/employee communications.
Public relations can also be defined as the practice of managing communication between an organization and its publics.

Paper

sheetpaper manufacturingpaper making

Human communication

anthroposemioticscommunicatecommunication
The study of animal communication, called zoo semiotics (distinguishable from anthroposemiotics, the study of human communication) has played an important part in the development of ethology, sociobiology, and the study of animal cognition.
Human communication, or anthroposemiotics, is the field dedicated to understanding how humans communicate.

Paul Watzlawick

WatzlawickIvan Boszormenyi-Nagy, Paul Watzlawick
Nonverbal communication demonstrates one of Paul Watzlawick's laws: you cannot not communicate.
Other scientific contributions include works on radical constructivism and most importantly his theory on communication.

Conversation

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Shannon and Weaver also recognized that often there is static that interferes with one listening to a telephone conversation, which they deemed noise.
Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people.

Intrapersonal communication

intrapersonalinner speechself talk
This commonly held rule in some sense ignores autocommunication, including intrapersonal communication via diaries or self-talk, both secondary phenomena that followed the primary acquisition of communicative competences within social interactions.
Intrapersonal communication is a communicator's internal use of language or thought.

Cellular communication (biology)

cellular communicationcell communicationcell-cell recognition
Nonhuman communication also include cell signaling, cellular communication, and chemical transmissions between primitive organisms like bacteria and within the plant and fungal kingdoms.

Semiotics

semioticsemioticiansemiology
This commonly held rule in some sense ignores autocommunication, including intrapersonal communication via diaries or self-talk, both secondary phenomena that followed the primary acquisition of communicative competences within social interactions. Therefore, communication is social interaction where at least two interacting agents share a common set of signs and a common set of semiotic rules.
To explain the relationship between semiotics and communication studies, communication is defined as the process of transferring data and-or meaning from a source to a receiver.