Soviet Prime Minister Vyacheslav Molotov signs the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Behind him stand (left) Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop of Germany and (right) Joseph Stalin. The non-aggression pact had a secret protocol attached in which arrangements were made for a partition of Poland's territory.
Karl Marx
Polish infantry in action during the Invasion of Poland in September 1939
Polish anti-aircraft artillery in September 1939
Polish cavalry at Battle of the Bzura
Survivor of bombing of Warsaw
Soviet invasion of Poland, September 1939
Poland was partitioned in 1939 as agreed by Germany and the Soviet Union in their treaty; division of Polish territories in 1939–41
Changes in administration of Polish territories following the 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union
Hans Frank
Public execution of 54 Poles in Rożki village, 1942
Photos from The Black Book of Poland, published in London in 1942 by the Polish Government-in-Exile
One of the mass graves of the Katyn massacre (spring 1940), exhumed in 1943. The number of victims is estimated at 22,000, with a lower limit of confirmed dead of 21,768. Of them 4,421 were from Kozelsk, 3,820 from Starobelsk, 6,311 from Ostashkov, and 7,305 from Byelorussian and Ukrainian prisons.
Wanda Wasilewska
German recruitment poster: "Let's do agricultural work in Germany: report immediately to your Vogt"
An announcement of fifty Poles tried and sentenced to death by a Standgericht in retaliation for the assassination of one German policeman, 1944
Battalion Zośka soldiers in Wola during the Warsaw Uprising
Warsaw Uprising in the Old Town
Starving Jewish children in the Warsaw Ghetto (1940–1943), during the German occupation of Poland
The entrance to the Auschwitz I concentration camp, established by Nazi Germany in Poland
Victims of a massacre committed by the UPA in the village of Lipniki in Volhynia, 1943
Władysław Sikorski
Polish volunteers to Anders' Army, released from a Soviet POW camp
January 1945 aerial photo of destroyed Warsaw
The PKWN Manifesto was issued on 22 July 1944
The legacy of World War II: Poland's old and new borders

In 1939, World War II began and Poland was conquered by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.

- Communism in Poland

Stalin pursued a strategy of facilitating the formation of a Polish government independent of (and in opposition to) the exile government in London by empowering the Polish communists.

- History of Poland (1939–1945)
Soviet Prime Minister Vyacheslav Molotov signs the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Behind him stand (left) Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop of Germany and (right) Joseph Stalin. The non-aggression pact had a secret protocol attached in which arrangements were made for a partition of Poland's territory.

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