Communist society

stateless communismcommunismpure communismcommunist mode of productionCommunist utopiaCommunistCommunist economic systempure communist societystatelesscommunist future
In Marxist thought, communist society or the communist system is the type of society and economic system postulated to emerge from technological advances in the productive forces, representing the ultimate goal of the political ideology of communism.wikipedia
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Marxism

MarxistMarxistsMarxist ideology
In Marxist thought, communist society or the communist system is the type of society and economic system postulated to emerge from technological advances in the productive forces, representing the ultimate goal of the political ideology of communism.
As the productive forces continued to advance, Marx hypothesized that socialism would ultimately be transformed into a communist society: a classless, stateless, humane society based on common ownership and the underlying principle: "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".

Communism

communistcommunistscommunist ideology
In Marxist thought, communist society or the communist system is the type of society and economic system postulated to emerge from technological advances in the productive forces, representing the ultimate goal of the political ideology of communism.
Communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is a philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of a communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the ideas of common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

Common ownership

community of goodscommon propertyowned collectively
A communist society is characterized by common ownership of the means of production with free access to the articles of consumption and is classless and stateless, implying the end of the exploitation of labour.
Common ownership of the means of production is a central goal of communist political movements as it is seen as a necessary democratic mechanism for the creation and continued function of a communist society.

Communist state

Communist regimecommunist countriescommunist
The term communist society should be distinguished from the Western concept of the communist state, the latter referring to a truly socialist state ruled by a party which professes a variation of Marxism–Leninism.
These parties usually are Marxist–Leninist or some variation thereof (including Maoism in China), with the official aim of achieving socialism and progressing toward a communist society.

Marxism–Leninism

Marxism-LeninismMarxist-LeninistMarxist–Leninist
The term communist society should be distinguished from the Western concept of the communist state, the latter referring to a truly socialist state ruled by a party which professes a variation of Marxism–Leninism.
The Marxist–Leninist communist party is the vanguard for the political, economic and social transformation of a capitalist society into a socialist society which is the lower stage of socio-economic development and progress towards the upper-stage communist society which is stateless and classless, yet it features public ownership of the means of production, accelerated industrialisation, pro-active development of society's productive forces (research and development) and nationalised natural resources.

Free association (Marxism and anarchism)

free associationfree association of producersfree associations
This would allow for distribution based on need and social relations based on freely-associated individuals.
The term is used by anarchists and Marxists and is often considered a defining feature of a fully developed communist society.

Economic system

economyeconomic systemseconomic
In Marxist thought, communist society or the communist system is the type of society and economic system postulated to emerge from technological advances in the productive forces, representing the ultimate goal of the political ideology of communism.
Communism is a hypothetical stage of socialist development articulated by Karl Marx as "second stage socialism" in Critique of the Gotha Program, whereby the economic output is distributed based on need and not simply on the basis of labor contribution.

Organizational Self-management

workers' self-managementself-managementautogestion
Natural resources would become public property, while all manufacturing centers and workplaces would become socially owned and democratically managed.
Karl Marx championed the idea of a free association of producers as a characteristic of communist society, where self-management processes replaced the traditional notion of the centralized state.

Marx's theory of alienation

alienationtheory of alienationalienated
As scarcity is eliminated, alienated labor would cease and people would be free to pursue their individual goals.
In the resultant communist society, the fundamental relation of the workers to the means of production would be equal and non-conflictual because there would be no artificial distinctions about the value of a worker's labour; the worker's humanity (species-essence) thus respected, men and women would not become alienated (see Marx's theory of human nature).

Stateless society

statelessstateless societiesfreedom from government
A communist society is characterized by common ownership of the means of production with free access to the articles of consumption and is classless and stateless, implying the end of the exploitation of labour.
A related concept is that of stateless communism, a phrase sometimes used to describe Marx's anticipated post-capitalist society.

Classless society

classlessclasslessnesswithout social classes
A communist society is characterized by common ownership of the means of production with free access to the articles of consumption and is classless and stateless, implying the end of the exploitation of labour.

Vladimir Lenin

LeninV. I. LeninVladimir Ilyich Lenin
In Vladimir Lenin's political theory, a classless society would be a society controlled by the direct producers, organized to produce according to socially managed goals.
This sparked his interest in Marxism, a socio-political theory that argued that society developed in stages, that this development resulted from class struggle, and that capitalist society would ultimately give way to socialist society and then communist society.

Ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Soviet communismSoviet ideologySoviet Marxism
In Soviet ideology, Marx's concepts of the "lower and higher phases of communism" articulated in the Critique of the Gotha Program were reformulated as the stages of "socialism" and "communism".
The state professed a belief in the feasibility of communist mode of production, and all policies were justifiable if it contributed to the Soviet Union's reaching that stage.

Socialist mode of production

socialismsocialistsocialist society
In this respect communism is differentiated from socialism, which, out of economic necessity, restricts access to articles of consumption and services based on one's contribution.
In Marxist theory, the socialist mode of production (also referred to as lower-stage of communism or simply socialism, as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels used the terms socialism and communism interchangeably) refers to a specific historical phase of economic development and its corresponding set of social relations that emerge from capitalism in the schema of historical materialism.

Critique of the Gotha Program

Critique of the Gotha Programme
In Soviet ideology, Marx's concepts of the "lower and higher phases of communism" articulated in the Critique of the Gotha Program were reformulated as the stages of "socialism" and "communism".
It is notable also for elucidating the principles of "To each according to his contribution" as the basis for a "lower phase" of communist society directly following the transition from capitalism and "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs" as the basis for a future "higher phase" of communist society.

Withering away of the state

wither awaydisappearance of the Stateit withers away
Only in this environment, Lenin suggested, could the state wither away, ushering in a period of stateless communism.
According to this concept of the withering away of the state, eventually a communist society will no longer require coercion to induce individuals to behave in a way that benefits the entire society.

Post-scarcity economy

post-scarcityabundancetechnological optimism
The Culture novels by Iain M Banks are centered on a communist post-scarcity economy where technology is advanced to such a degree that all production is automated, and there is no use for money or property (aside from personal possessions with sentimental value).
Marx's concept of a post-capitalist communist society involves the free distribution of goods made possible by the abundance provided by automation.

Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Communist PartyCPSUBolshevik Party
The communist economic system was officially enumerated as the ultimate goal of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in its party platform.
Marxism–Leninism believed in the feasibility of a communist mode of production.

Society

societiessocialsocietal
In Marxist thought, communist society or the communist system is the type of society and economic system postulated to emerge from technological advances in the productive forces, representing the ultimate goal of the political ideology of communism.

Productive forces

forces of productionforcesproductive force
In Marxist thought, communist society or the communist system is the type of society and economic system postulated to emerge from technological advances in the productive forces, representing the ultimate goal of the political ideology of communism.

Means of production

productive propertydifferent organizations of productionforces
A communist society is characterized by common ownership of the means of production with free access to the articles of consumption and is classless and stateless, implying the end of the exploitation of labour.

Final good

consumer goodsconsumer productsconsumer product
A communist society is characterized by common ownership of the means of production with free access to the articles of consumption and is classless and stateless, implying the end of the exploitation of labour.

Exploitation of labour

exploitationexploitation of workersexploit
A communist society is characterized by common ownership of the means of production with free access to the articles of consumption and is classless and stateless, implying the end of the exploitation of labour.

Socioeconomics

socioeconomicsocio-economicsocio-economic development
Communism is a specific stage of socioeconomic development predicated upon a superabundance of material wealth, which is postulated to arise from advances in production technology and corresponding changes in the social relations of production.

Relations of production

social relationssocial relations of productionProduction relations
Communism is a specific stage of socioeconomic development predicated upon a superabundance of material wealth, which is postulated to arise from advances in production technology and corresponding changes in the social relations of production.