Comorbidity

comorbidcomorbiditiesco-morbidcomorbid conditionsco-morbidityassociated medical disordersco-morbiditiesco-occurringcomorbid disordersother medical conditions
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary condition; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional condition.wikipedia
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Complication (medicine)

complicationscomplicationsurgical complication
The latter sense of the term causes some overlap with the concept of complications.
In addition, complications should not be confused with comorbidities, which are diseases that occur concurrently but have no causative association.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
The additional condition may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.
In addition, comorbidity is very common in psychiatric diagnosis, where the same person meets the criteria for more than one disorder.

Diagnosis-related group

diagnosis-related groupsDRGDiagnoses-Related Group
Recognizing this, the diagnosis-related group (DRG) manually splits certain DRGs based on the presence of secondary diagnoses for specific complications or comorbidities (CC).
DRGs are assigned by a "grouper" program based on ICD (International Classification of Diseases) diagnoses, procedures, age, sex, discharge status, and the presence of complications or comorbidities.

Major depressive disorder

depressionclinical depressionmajor depression
On the DSM Axis I, major depressive disorder is a very common comorbid disorder.
Major depression frequently co-occurs with other psychiatric problems.

Dual diagnosis

co-occurring disordersco-occurs with addictionco-occurring mental and substance use disorders
Dual diagnosis (also called co-occurring disorders, COD, or dual pathology) is the condition of suffering from a mental illness and a comorbid substance abuse problem.

Conditions comorbid to autism spectrum disorders

autism spectrum disordercomorbid diagnoses
In medicine and in psychiatry, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with the primary one, or the effect of such additional disorders.

Syndemic

directly relatedsyndemism
Disease co-occurrence, with or without interactions, is known as comorbidity and coinfection.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DSM-IVDSM-IV-TRDSM
On the DSM Axis I, major depressive disorder is a very common comorbid disorder.
Additionally, it has been noted that the DSM often uses definitions and terminology that are inconsistent with a recovery model, and such content can erroneously imply excess psychopathology (e.g. multiple "comorbid" diagnoses) or chronicity.

Marcia Ciol

Márcia Aparecida Ciol is a Brazilian-American medical statistician and biostatistician known for her research on comorbidity.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary condition; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional condition.

Concomitant

concomitance
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary condition; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional condition.

Concurrency

concurrentConcurrency (disambiguation)
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary condition; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional condition.

Count noun

countablecountcount nouns
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary condition; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional condition.

Emotional and behavioral disorders

behavioral disorderbehavioral disordersemotional
The additional condition may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.

Word sense

sensesensesbroader sense
The latter sense of the term causes some overlap with the concept of complications.

Semantic field

lexical fieldoverlapoverlaps in usage
The latter sense of the term causes some overlap with the concept of complications.

Diabetes

diabetes mellitusdiabeticdiabetics
For example, in longstanding diabetes mellitus, the extent to which coronary artery disease is an independent comorbidity versus a diabetic complication is not easy to measure, because both diseases are quite multivariate and there are likely aspects of both simultaneity and consequence.

Coronary artery disease

coronary heart diseaseischemic heart diseaseischaemic heart disease
For example, in longstanding diabetes mellitus, the extent to which coronary artery disease is an independent comorbidity versus a diabetic complication is not easy to measure, because both diseases are quite multivariate and there are likely aspects of both simultaneity and consequence.

Complications of diabetes

diabetes complicationsdiabetic complicationscomplication of diabetes mellitus
For example, in longstanding diabetes mellitus, the extent to which coronary artery disease is an independent comorbidity versus a diabetic complication is not easy to measure, because both diseases are quite multivariate and there are likely aspects of both simultaneity and consequence.

Intercurrent disease in pregnancy

intercurrent diseasesintercurrent diseases in pregnancyConcomitant disease in pregnancy
The same is true of intercurrent diseases in pregnancy.

Genetic association

association studiesassociationassociation analyses
In other examples, the true independence or relation is not ascertainable because syndromes and associations are often identified long before pathogenetic commonalities are confirmed (and, in some examples, before they are even hypothesized).

Hypothesis

hypotheseshypotheticalhypothesized
In other examples, the true independence or relation is not ascertainable because syndromes and associations are often identified long before pathogenetic commonalities are confirmed (and, in some examples, before they are even hypothesized).

Cardiovascular disease

heart diseasecardiac diseasecardiovascular
The Charlson comorbidity index predicts the one-year mortality for a patient who may have a range of comorbid conditions, such as heart disease, AIDS, or cancer (a total of 22 conditions).

HIV/AIDS

AIDSHIVacquired immune deficiency syndrome
The Charlson comorbidity index predicts the one-year mortality for a patient who may have a range of comorbid conditions, such as heart disease, AIDS, or cancer (a total of 22 conditions).

Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerous
The Charlson comorbidity index predicts the one-year mortality for a patient who may have a range of comorbid conditions, such as heart disease, AIDS, or cancer (a total of 22 conditions).