Company

companiesenterpriseenterprisesfirmbusiness organizationincorporated companycompany lawcorporationenterprise-levelbusiness organisation
A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people, be they natural, legal, or a mixture of both, for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.wikipedia
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Legal person

legal personalitylegal entitybody corporate
with a discrete legal personality, perpetual succession, and a common seal.

Liquidation

liquidatedvoluntary liquidationliquidate
When a company closes, it may need a "death certificate" to avoid further legal obligations.
Liquidation is the process in accounting by which a company is brought to an end in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland, Cyprus and United States.

Corporate law

business lawcompany lawcorporate
Corporate law (also known as business law or enterprise law or sometimes company law) is the body of law governing the rights, relations, and conduct of persons, companies, organizations and businesses.

Enterprise

Enterprise (disambiguation)Enterprise (disambiguation) § Vessels

Business

for-profitenterprisefirm
It may be referred to as a firm.
The term is also often used colloquially (but not by lawyers or by public officials) to refer to a company.

Company seal

common sealcorporate sealseals
with a discrete legal personality, perpetual succession, and a common seal.
A company seal (sometimes referred to as the corporate seal or common seal) is an official seal used by a company.

Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
In the United States, a company may be a "corporation, partnership, association, joint-stock company, trust, fund, or organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not, and (in an official capacity) any receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, or similar official, or liquidating agent, for any of the foregoing".
A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the state to act as a single entity (a legal entity; a legal person in legal context) and recognized as such in law for certain purposes.

Law

legallawslegal theory
A company or association of persons can be created at law as a legal person so that the company in itself can accept limited liability for civil responsibility and taxation incurred as members perform (or fail to discharge) their duty within the publicly declared "birth certificate" or published policy.
Regulations on the use of personal property fall under intellectual property, company law, trusts and commercial law.

Segregated portfolio company

segregated portfolio companiesProtected cell companySPC
Examples include "segregated portfolio companies" and restricted purpose companies.
A segregated portfolio company (or SPC), sometimes referred to as a protected cell company, is a company which segregates the assets and liabilities of different classes (or sometimes series) of shares from each other and from the general assets of the SPC.

Stock exchange

stock exchangesexchangebourse
Public companies are companies whose shares can be publicly traded, often (although not always) on a stock exchange which imposes listing requirements/Listing Rules as to the issued shares, the trading of shares and future issue of shares to help bolster the reputation of the exchange or particular market of an exchange.
Besides the borrowing capacity provided to an individual or firm by the banking system, in the form of credit or a loan, a stock exchange provides companies with the facility to raise capital for expansion through selling shares to the investing public.

Public company

Publicpublicly tradedpublicly traded company
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public limited company is a company whose ownership is organized via shares of stock which are intended to be freely traded on a stock exchange or in over-the-counter markets.

Parent company

parentedparent companiesparent
A parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors; the second company being deemed as a subsidiary of the parent company.
A parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operation by influencing or electing its board of directors.

Unlimited company

unlimited liabilityunlimitedunlimited liability company
An unlimited company or private unlimited company is a hybrid company (corporation) incorporated with or without a share capital (and similar to its limited company counterpart) but where the legal liability of the members or shareholders is not limited: that is, its members or shareholders have a joint, several and non-limited obligation to meet any insufficiency in the assets of the company to enable settlement of any outstanding financial liability in the event of the company's formal liquidation.

Offshore company

offshore companiesoffshoreoffshore corporation
Some offshore jurisdictions have created special forms of offshore company in a bid to attract business for their jurisdictions.
Similarly, the term "company" is used loosely, and at its widest can be taken to refer to any type of artificial entity, including not just corporations and companies, but potentially also LLCs, LPs, LLPs, and sometimes partnerships or even offshore trusts.

Limited liability company

LLClimited liability companieslimited liability corporation
An LLC is not a corporation under state law; it is a legal form of a company that provides limited liability to its owners in many jurisdictions.

Limited liability

limitedliabilitylimited-liability
A company or association of persons can be created at law as a legal person so that the company in itself can accept limited liability for civil responsibility and taxation incurred as members perform (or fail to discharge) their duty within the publicly declared "birth certificate" or published policy.