Company (military unit)

Company B of the 113th Infantry, part of the American Expeditionary Force, France, 1919.
1980s Soviet Motorised Company (BTR)
Company B, 3rd Battalion, of the 75th Ranger Regiment in Somalia, 1993.
Stryker BCT Rifle Company, 2010.

Military unit, typically consisting of 80–250 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.

- Company (military unit)

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Captain (armed forces)

Captain Aarne Juutilainen, also called "The Terror of Morocco" by Finnish troops, was well known as a soldier in the French Foreign Legion and one of the war heroes of the Winter War.
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{{lang|fr|Capitaine des Eaux et Forêts}}
{{lang|ka|კაპიტანი}} ({{lang|ka|K’ap’it’ani}}) Georgian Army
Indian Army
{{lang|mk|Капетан}} ({{lang|mk|Kapetan}})
{{lang|ko|대위}} (Daewi)
{{lang|es|Capitán}} (Spanish)
{{lang|es|Capitán}} (Spanish)
{{lang|ru|капита́н}} ({{lang|ru|kapitán}})
{{lang|ko|대위}} (Daewi)
{{lang|ko|대위}} (Daewi)
{{lang|ko|대위}} (Daewi)
Sri Lanka Army
{{lang|zh|上尉}} ({{lang|zh|Shàngwèi}})
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{{lang|zh|上尉}} ({{lang|zh|Shàngwèi}})
{{lang|th|Roi Ek}} ({{lang|th|ร้อยเอก}})
{{lang|my|Bo Gyi}}
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U.S. Marine Corps<ref name=USMC>{{cite web|url=|title=Insignia, Rank, Lieutenant, U.S. Navy and Captain, U.S. Marine Corps|publisher=DLA Document Services|author=Defense Logistics Agency|date=27 May 2016|location=Building 4/D, 700 Robbins Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094|work=Quick Search Assist|access-date=13 November 2017}}</ref> (dress, garrison)
Venezuelan Army

The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.

Squadron (army)

Historically a cavalry subunit, a company or battalion-sized military formation.

Polish squadron in 1830–31
Badge of the Assault Squadron 4 of the Armoured Battalion. It is used on vehicles, uniforms and barracks.

Prior to the revisions in the US Army structure in the 1880s, US Cavalry regiments were divided into companies, and the battalion was an administrative designation used only in garrison.

Household Cavalry

Made up of the two most senior regiments of the British Army, the Life Guards and the Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons).

Badge of the Household Cavalry
Trooper of the Blues and Royals
Life Guards of the Household Cavalry mounting the guard at Horse Guards
Horse guard, Whitehall, London.
Horse Guards building
Life Guards performing ceremonial drills on both horseback and with vehicles in London's Hyde Park.
A Household Cavalry Jackal provides security at a temporary Vehicle Check Point (VCP) during Op HERRICK 13. The HCR has deployed to Afghanistan in CVR(T), Jackal and without vehicles at all.
Queen Elizabeth II with soldiers of the Household Cavalry
A reception at the Household Cavalry Museum, Horse Guards.

Like other Cavalry formations, the Household Cavalry is divided into regiments (battalion-sized units) and squadrons (company-sized sub-units).

Royal Artillery

One of two regiments that make up the artillery arm of the British Army.

Badge of the Royal Regiment of Artillery
The Royal Arsenal and the Royal Military Academy, ca 1770
Royal Horse Artillery units, Hyde Park, 1804
Royal Artillery Officers uniform, 1825
64 Pounder Rifled Muzzle-Loader (RML) gun on Moncrieff disappearing mount, at Scaur Hill Fort, Bermuda
This brass plaque installed inside Christ Church, Mhow is in memory of Major General William Heape Kay of the Royal Artillery who began his Indian service at Mhow in 1896 and subsequently died in an accident there in 1929
Royal Artillery repository exercises, 1844
Soldiers of the Bermuda Contingent of the Royal Garrison Artillery in a Casualty Clearing Station in July, 1916
The 27th Field Brigade of the Royal Artillery was stationed at Mhow and created a memorial to their men, installed inside Christ Church, Mhow
BL 8-inch Howitzer Mk 1 – 5 8 in howitzers of the 39th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, in action near Fricourt in World War I.
St. David's Battery, Bermuda in 1942, completed in 1910 with two 9.2" and two 6" coastal artillery guns
Gunners of the 78th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery make use of two sunshades from a cafe to keep the rain off while making a brew, Anzio, Italy, 27 February 1944.

This was approved and two permanent companies of field artillery were established in 1716, each 100 men strong; this became the "Royal Artillery" in 1720.

Royal Pioneer Corps

British Army combatant corps used for light engineering tasks.

Cap badge of the corps
"Step on it – Join the Auxiliary Military Pioneer Corps" a Second World War recruitment poster

Traditionally, there was a designated pioneer for each company in a regiment; these were the ancestors of the current assault pioneers.

Officer commanding

Commander of a sub-unit or minor unit (smaller than battalion size), principally used in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth.

Standard NATO symbol for a friendly infantry battalion.

Normally an officer commanding is a company, squadron or battery commander (typically a major, although formerly a captain in infantry and cavalry units).


Title denoting that the holder of the title is the second-highest authority within a certain organisation.

The second-in-command of a company, squadron, or artillery battery (in which they are called the battery captain) is usually a captain (although infantry company second-in-commands were usually lieutenants until after the Second World War), the second-in-command of a platoon or troop is the platoon or troop sergeant, and the second-in-command of a section is usually a lance corporal.

Captain (British Army and Royal Marines)

Junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.

1856 to 1880 captain's rank insignia
1881 to 1902 captain's rank insignia
1902 to 1920 captain's rank insignia (general pattern)
1902 to 1920 captain's rank insignia (Scottish pattern)

In the 21st-century British Army, captains are often appointed to be second-in-command (2IC) of a company or equivalent sized unit of up to 120 soldiers.


Standard NATO symbol for a friendly infantry battalion.
Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols
Australian 11th (Western Australia) Battalion, 3rd Infantry Brigade, Australian Imperial Force, posing on the Great Pyramid of Giza on 10 January 1915
Organization of Soviet Motor Rifle Battalion late 1980s
1980s Soviet tank battalion and company
1980s Soviet 122mm artillery battalion

A battalion is a military unit, typically consisting of 300 to 1,000 soldiers commanded by a lieutenant colonel, and subdivided into a number of companies (usually each commanded by a major or a captain).


Military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.

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Croatia (Bojnik)

Majors are typically assigned as specialised executive or operations officers for battalion-sized units of 300 to 1,200 soldiers while in other nations, like Germany, majors are often in command of a company.