Company A, Arizona Rangers

Arizona RangersArizona Guards1861Arizona CavalryArizona scout companiesCapt. G. H. Oury's Company (Arizona Rangers)companyCompany ACompany A, Baylor's Arizona RegimentConfederate company
Company A, Arizona Rangers was one of the Confederate military units raised in the Confederate Arizona Territory.wikipedia
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Arizona Rangers

Arizona Rangerranger force
Company A, Arizona Rangers was one of the Confederate military units raised in the Confederate Arizona Territory.
In his history of the Arizona Rangers, stretching back to 1861, Arizona State Historian Marshall Trimble revealed "Arizona’s first Ranger may have been one of the founders of Phoenix, Jack Swilling."

Sherod Hunter

On January 25, 1862, its first company, Company A, Baylor's Regiment of Arizona Rangers commanded by Captain Sherod Hunter, was mustered into the Confederate service at the town of Dona Ana located just north of modern Las Cruces, New Mexico.
In January 1862, Hunter, having risen to the rank of captain, was sent west at the head of Company A, Arizona Rangers by General Henry Hopkins Sibley, who was preparing an invasion of New Mexico from Texas.

William McCleave

William A. McCleave
The invasion of Arizona by the California Column would have come much sooner but for the tactics of Captain Hunter and Company A. At White's Mill, near the Pima Villages, about twenty miles south of present Phoenix, Captain Hunter captured without firing a shot, a scouting party of nine men of Company A, 1st Regiment California Volunteer Cavalry under Captain William McCleave.
There, on March 06, 1862, he was captured by Sherod Hunter and his Arizona Rangers.

California Column

California VolunteersCarleton's Column of Union VolunteersColumn from California
The invasion of Arizona by the California Column would have come much sooner but for the tactics of Captain Hunter and Company A. At White's Mill, near the Pima Villages, about twenty miles south of present Phoenix, Captain Hunter captured without firing a shot, a scouting party of nine men of Company A, 1st Regiment California Volunteer Cavalry under Captain William McCleave.
Arizona Confederate volunteers, of the Company A, Arizona Rangers, under Captain Sherod Hunter, arrested the Union Army agent, Ammi White, destroyed White's flour mill at Casa Blanca and supplies of food and fodder being gathered there and at other stage stations along the Column's route between Fort Yuma and Tucson.

Casa Blanca, Arizona

Casa BlancaCasa Blanca StationLa Tierra Amontonada
The invasion of Arizona by the California Column would have come much sooner but for the tactics of Captain Hunter and Company A. At White's Mill, near the Pima Villages, about twenty miles south of present Phoenix, Captain Hunter captured without firing a shot, a scouting party of nine men of Company A, 1st Regiment California Volunteer Cavalry under Captain William McCleave.
At the beginning of the American Civil War, Ammi White began stockpiling flour and other food for the California Column at the mill, which became the target of a raid by the Arizona Rangers a Confederate Army detachment sent to occupy southern Arizona.

Philemon T. Herbert

Philemon Herbert
After Hunter's Company A retreated from Tucson and arrived in Mesilla on May 27, 1862, it was organized with two Arizona militia companies, the Arizona Guards of Pinos Altos and the Arizona Rangers of Mesilla, under Herbert's Battalion of Arizona Cavalry under the command of Lt. Colonel Philemon T. Herbert.
He rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and commanded the Arizona Cavalry and the Seventh Texas Cavalry Regiment.

First Battle of Dragoon Springs

Battle of Dragoon SpringsDragoon Springsengagements
First, in the Battle of Dragoon Springs, where four of its soldiers were killed and some of its stock were lost.
The First Battle of Dragoon Springs was a minor skirmish between a small troop of Confederate dragoons of Governor John R. Baylor's Arizona Rangers, and a band of Apache warriors during the American Civil War.

Army of New Mexico

5th Texas Mounted Rifles4th Texas Mounted Rifles7th Texas Mounted Rifles
The net effect of the Arizona Rangers' actions was to delay the advance of the California Column for over a month, which probably saved the Confederate Army of New Mexico, now retreating back to Mesilla from its defeat at the Battle of Glorietta Pass, from being intercepted and destroyed by the California Column during April 1862.

Confederate Arizona

Arizona TerritoryConfederate Territory of ArizonaConfederate Arizona Territory
Company A, Arizona Rangers was one of the Confederate military units raised in the Confederate Arizona Territory.
Baylor sent Company A, Arizona Rangers to Tucson to protect the population from the Apache and delay the advance of Union troops from Fort Yuma.

List of Arizona Territory Civil War units

Arizona Territory
*List of Arizona Territory Civil War units
Only one, Company A, Arizona Rangers was formed before the Confederacy lost control of the territory in 1862.

John R. Baylor

John BaylorJohn Robert BaylorConfederate Colonel John R. Baylor
After the establishment of the Confederate Arizona Territory, Governor John Robert Baylor decided he needed to supplement existing militia companies with a regiment of Rangers like the Texas Rangers.

Texas Ranger Division

Texas RangersTexas RangerRanger
After the establishment of the Confederate Arizona Territory, Governor John Robert Baylor decided he needed to supplement existing militia companies with a regiment of Rangers like the Texas Rangers.

Doña Ana, New Mexico

Doña AnaDona Ana, New MexicoDona Ana
On January 25, 1862, its first company, Company A, Baylor's Regiment of Arizona Rangers commanded by Captain Sherod Hunter, was mustered into the Confederate service at the town of Dona Ana located just north of modern Las Cruces, New Mexico.

Las Cruces, New Mexico

Las CrucesLas Cruces, NMNew Mexico (Las Cruces)
On January 25, 1862, its first company, Company A, Baylor's Regiment of Arizona Rangers commanded by Captain Sherod Hunter, was mustered into the Confederate service at the town of Dona Ana located just north of modern Las Cruces, New Mexico.

Revolver

revolverssix-shootersix shooter
They were armed with revolvers and Model 1847 smoothbore musketoons, probably taken from Fort Fillmore after it surrendered in August 1861.

Musketoon

mousquetonnes
They were armed with revolvers and Model 1847 smoothbore musketoons, probably taken from Fort Fillmore after it surrendered in August 1861.

Fort Fillmore

Fort Fillmore StationFort Fillmore, New Mexico
They were armed with revolvers and Model 1847 smoothbore musketoons, probably taken from Fort Fillmore after it surrendered in August 1861.

Pinos Altos, New Mexico

Pinos AltosPiños Altos
Many were former members of the three local Arizona Militia companies from Pinos Altos and Messila.

Mesilla, New Mexico

MesillaLa MesillaLa Mesilla, New Mexico
After Hunter's Company A retreated from Tucson and arrived in Mesilla on May 27, 1862, it was organized with two Arizona militia companies, the Arizona Guards of Pinos Altos and the Arizona Rangers of Mesilla, under Herbert's Battalion of Arizona Cavalry under the command of Lt. Colonel Philemon T. Herbert. Many were former members of the three local Arizona Militia companies from Pinos Altos and Messila.

Butterfield Overland Mail

Butterfield Overland StageButterfield StageOverland Mail
Tucson was located on the Butterfield Overland Mail road, the only one between California and the Rio Grande and Mesilla valleys, and an ideal location for an advanced post to observe and delay the advance of Union forces gathering under Col. James Henry Carleton at Fort Yuma.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
Tucson was located on the Butterfield Overland Mail road, the only one between California and the Rio Grande and Mesilla valleys, and an ideal location for an advanced post to observe and delay the advance of Union forces gathering under Col. James Henry Carleton at Fort Yuma.

James Henry Carleton

James H. CarletonJames CarletonCarleton
Tucson was located on the Butterfield Overland Mail road, the only one between California and the Rio Grande and Mesilla valleys, and an ideal location for an advanced post to observe and delay the advance of Union forces gathering under Col. James Henry Carleton at Fort Yuma.

Fort Yuma

Camp IndependenceFort Yuma, CaliforniaFt. Yuma
Tucson was located on the Butterfield Overland Mail road, the only one between California and the Rio Grande and Mesilla valleys, and an ideal location for an advanced post to observe and delay the advance of Union forces gathering under Col. James Henry Carleton at Fort Yuma.

Phoenix, Arizona

PhoenixPhoenix, AZArizona (Phoenix)
The invasion of Arizona by the California Column would have come much sooner but for the tactics of Captain Hunter and Company A. At White's Mill, near the Pima Villages, about twenty miles south of present Phoenix, Captain Hunter captured without firing a shot, a scouting party of nine men of Company A, 1st Regiment California Volunteer Cavalry under Captain William McCleave.

1st California Cavalry Regiment

1st Regiment California Volunteer Cavalry1st California Cavalry1st Regiment of Cavalry, California Volunteers
The invasion of Arizona by the California Column would have come much sooner but for the tactics of Captain Hunter and Company A. At White's Mill, near the Pima Villages, about twenty miles south of present Phoenix, Captain Hunter captured without firing a shot, a scouting party of nine men of Company A, 1st Regiment California Volunteer Cavalry under Captain William McCleave.