Compaq

Compaq Computer CorporationCompaq ComputerCompaq Classic of New OrleansCompaq ComputersCompaq Computer UKCompaq/DEC
Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.wikipedia
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Digital Equipment Corporation

DECDigitalDigital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Struggling to keep up in the price wars against Dell, as well as with a risky acquisition of DEC, Compaq was acquired for US$25 billion by HP in 2002.
DEC was acquired in June 1998 by Compaq, in what was at that time the largest merger in the history of the computer industry.

Rod Canion

The company was formed by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto—former Texas Instruments senior managers.
Joseph Rodney "Rod" Canion (born January 19, 1945) is an American computer scientist and businessman, known for being the co-founder of Compaq Computer Corporation where he served as its first President and CEO.

Benjamin M. Rosen

Ben RosenBenjaminBenjamin M. Rosen Professor of Physics
Ben Rosen provided the venture capital financing for the fledgling company and served as chairman of the board for 18 years from 1983 until September 28, 2000, when he retired and was succeeded by Michael Capellas, who served as the last chairman and CEO until its merger with HP. Their first venture capital came from Benjamin M. Rosen and Sevin Rosen Funds who helped the fledgling company secure $1.5 million to produce their initial computer.
Benjamin "Ben" M. Rosen (born March 11, 1933) is the former Chairman and former Acting Chief Executive Officer of Compaq and co-founder of Sevin Rosen Funds.

Michael Capellas

Ben Rosen provided the venture capital financing for the fledgling company and served as chairman of the board for 18 years from 1983 until September 28, 2000, when he retired and was succeeded by Michael Capellas, who served as the last chairman and CEO until its merger with HP.
Capellas served as chairman and CEO of First Data Corporation, acting CEO of Serena Software, chairman and CEO of Compaq Computer Corporation until its merger with Hewlett-Packard where he became president of the post-merger company briefly, and president and CEO of WorldCom (later MCI) where he led its merger with Verizon.

Eckhard Pfeiffer

Murto (SVP of sales) departed Compaq in 1987, while Canion (president and CEO) and Harris (SVP of engineering) left under a shakeup in 1991, which saw Eckhard Pfeiffer appointed president and CEO.
Eckhard Pfeiffer (born August 20, 1941 in Lauban, Germany [now Lublań, Poland]) is a businessman of German ancestry, who served as President and CEO of Compaq from 1991 to 1999.

Compaq Portable

PortableCompaq
In November 1982 Compaq announced their first product, the Compaq Portable, a portable IBM PC compatible personal computer.
It was Compaq Computer Corporation's first product, to be followed by others in the Compaq portable series and later Compaq Deskpro series.

Compaq Portable series

Compaq Portable 286series of Compaq Portable machines
The Compaq Portable was the first in the range of the Compaq Portable series.
Compaq's first computers were portable 'lunchbox' or 'luggable' computers, and as such belong to the Compaq Portable series. These computers measured approximately 1×1 foot on the side, and were approx.

IBM Personal Computer

IBM PCPCPCs
Compaq produced some of the first IBM PC compatible computers, being the first company to legally reverse engineer the IBM Personal Computer.
In November 1982, Compaq Computer Corporation announced the Compaq Portable, the first portable IBM PC compatible.

Compaq SystemPro

SystemPro
Compaq's technical leadership and the rivalry with IBM was emphasized when the SystemPro server was launched in late 1989 – this was a true server product with standard support for a second CPU and RAID, but also the first product to feature the EISA bus, designed in reaction to IBM's MCA (MicroChannel Architecture) which was incompatible with the original AT bus.
The SystemPro from Compaq, released in November 1989, was arguably the first true PC based server.

Compaq Deskpro

Compaq Deskpro 386DeskproDeskPro 386S
On June 28, 1984 Compaq released the Compaq Deskpro, a 16-bit desktop computer using an Intel 8086 microprocessor running at 7.14 MHz.
The Compaq Deskpro was a line of business-oriented personal computers manufactured by Compaq, then discontinued after the merger with Hewlett-Packard.

Intel 80386

80386i386386
When Compaq introduced the first PC based on Intel's new 80386 microprocessor, the Compaq Deskpro 386, in 1986, it marked the first CPU change to the PC platform that was not initiated by IBM.
The first personal computer to make use of the 80386 was designed and manufactured by Compaq and marked the first time a fundamental component in the IBM PC compatible de facto standard was updated by a company other than IBM.

Product bundling

compilationbundledbundle
Unlike other companies, Compaq did not bundle application software with its computers.
Compaq, by contrast, did not bundle software, stating that "You remove the freedom from the dealers to really merchandise when you bundle in software ... Why should you be constrained to use the software that comes with a piece of hardware? I think it can tend to inhibit sales over the long run."

Market share of personal computer vendors

world's largest personal computer vendorlargest supplier of PC systemsleading PC manufacturer
It rose to become the largest supplier of PC systems during the 1990s before being overtaken by HP in 2001.

Phoenix Technologies

PhoenixPhoenix Software AssociatesPhoenix BIOS
Compaq computers remained the most compatible PC clones into 1984, and maintained its reputation for compatibility for years, even as clone BIOSes became available from Phoenix Technologies and other companies that also reverse engineered IBM's design, then sold their version to clone manufacturers.
Some, like Compaq, developed their own compatible ROM BIOS, but others violated copyright by directly copying the PC's BIOS from the IBM PC Technical Reference Manual.

Harris County, Texas

Harris CountyHarrisHarris Counties
Prior to its takeover the company was headquartered in a facility in northwest unincorporated Harris County, Texas, that now continues as HP's largest United States facility.
In 2000, the largest employers in Harris County were Administaff, Compaq, Continental Airlines, Memorial Hermann Healthcare System, and Southwestern Bell.

Compaq Presario

PresarioPresarios
Under Pfeiffer's tenure as chief executive, Compaq entered the retail computer market with the Compaq Presario as one of the first manufacturers in the mid-1990s to market a sub-$1000 PC. In order to maintain the prices it wanted, Compaq became the first first-tier computer manufacturer to utilize CPUs from AMD and Cyrix.
Presario was a series of desktop computers and notebooks from Compaq.

Industry Standard Architecture

ISAISA busISA-Bus
Although Compaq had become successful by being 100 percent IBM-compatible, it decided to continue with the original AT bus—which it renamed ISA—instead of licensing IBM's MCA.
The ISA bus was developed by a team led by Mark Dean at IBM as part of the IBM PC project in 1981 Compaq created the term "Industry Standard Architecture" (ISA) to replace "PC compatible".

Sevin Rosen Funds

Sevin RosenBen RosenSevin Rosen Venture Capital
Their first venture capital came from Benjamin M. Rosen and Sevin Rosen Funds who helped the fledgling company secure $1.5 million to produce their initial computer.
SRF's first major success was its 1982 investment in Compaq which went public shortly thereafter.

Tandem Computers

TandemHP NonStop (Tandem) serversTandem Himalaya
In 1997, Compaq bought Tandem Computers, known for their NonStop server line.
It remained independent until 1997, when it became a server division within Compaq.

Intel

Intel CorporationIntel Corp. Intel Corporation
When Compaq introduced the first PC based on Intel's new 80386 microprocessor, the Compaq Deskpro 386, in 1986, it marked the first CPU change to the PC platform that was not initiated by IBM.
Compaq, the first IBM PC "clone" manufacturer, produced a desktop system based on the faster 80286 processor in 1985 and in 1986 quickly followed with the first 80386-based system, beating IBM and establishing a competitive market for PC-compatible systems and setting up Intel as a key component supplier.

IPAQ

Compaq IPAQHewlett Packard iPAQHP IPAQ
The company's longer-term strategy involves extending its services to servers and storage products, as well as handheld computers such as the iPAQ PocketPC which accounted for 11 percent of total unit volume.
The iPAQ was a Pocket PC and personal digital assistant first unveiled by Compaq in April 2000; the name was borrowed from Compaq's earlier iPAQ Desktop Personal Computers.

Hewlett-Packard

HPHewlett PackardHewlett-Packard Company
Struggling to keep up in the price wars against Dell, as well as with a risky acquisition of DEC, Compaq was acquired for US$25 billion by HP in 2002. It rose to become the largest supplier of PC systems during the 1990s before being overtaken by HP in 2001. Prior to its takeover the company was headquartered in a facility in northwest unincorporated Harris County, Texas, that now continues as HP's largest United States facility.
Hewlett-Packard company events included the spin-off of its electronic and bio-analytical measurement instruments part of its business as Agilent Technologies in 1999, its merger with Compaq in 2002, and the acquisition of EDS in 2008, which led to combined revenues of $118.4 billion in 2008 and a Fortune 500 ranking of 9 in 2009.

Advanced Micro Devices

AMDATIAdvanced Micro Devices, Inc.
Under Pfeiffer's tenure as chief executive, Compaq entered the retail computer market with the Compaq Presario as one of the first manufacturers in the mid-1990s to market a sub-$1000 PC. In order to maintain the prices it wanted, Compaq became the first first-tier computer manufacturer to utilize CPUs from AMD and Cyrix.
In 1993, AMD introduced the first of the Am486 family of processors, which proved popular with a large number of original equipment manufacturers, including Compaq, which signed an exclusive agreement using the Am486.

Jim Harris (entrepreneur)

Jim HarrisJames C. Harris
The company was formed by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto—former Texas Instruments senior managers.
James M. Harris is an American businessman, who, along with Rod Canion and Bill Murto, founded Compaq Computer Corporation.

Cyrix

486, 5x86, 6x86
Under Pfeiffer's tenure as chief executive, Compaq entered the retail computer market with the Compaq Presario as one of the first manufacturers in the mid-1990s to market a sub-$1000 PC. In order to maintain the prices it wanted, Compaq became the first first-tier computer manufacturer to utilize CPUs from AMD and Cyrix.
While AMD had been able to sell some of its 486s to large OEMs, notably Acer and Compaq, Cyrix had not.