A report on Compaq

First Compaq logo, used until 1993
Compaq Portable
Compaq Portable 386 BIOS
Aerial map of the Compaq headquarters, now the HP USA campus in unincorporated Harris County, Texas
Former Compaq headquarters, now the Hewlett-Packard United States campus
Post merger logo for Compaq products.
An example of a HP Compaq.

American information technology company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.

- Compaq

49 related topics with Alpha

Overall

The Compaq Portable was one of the first nearly 100% IBM-compatible PCs.

IBM PC compatible

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IBM PC compatible computers are similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT that are able to use the same software and expansion cards.

IBM PC compatible computers are similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT that are able to use the same software and expansion cards.

The Compaq Portable was one of the first nearly 100% IBM-compatible PCs.
The original IBM PC (Model 5150) motivated the production of clones during the early 1980s.
The DEC Rainbow 100 runs MS-DOS but is not compatible with the IBM PC.
MS-DOS version 1.12 for Compaq Personal Computers
The PowerPak 286, an IBM PC compatible computer running AutoCAD under MS-DOS.

Soon after in 1982, Compaq released the very successful Compaq Portable in 1982, also with a clean-room reverse-engineered BIOS, and also not challenged legally by IBM.

Hewlett-Packard

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American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.

American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.

The garage in Palo Alto, where Hewlett and Packard began the company
The HP200A, a precision audio oscillator, was the company's very first financially successful product.
Introduced in 1968, "The new Hewlett-Packard 9100A personal computer is ready, willing, and able ... to relieve you of waiting to get on the big computer."
Hewlett-Packard Deskjet 3845 printer
A sign marking the entrance to the HP corporate headquarters in Palo Alto, California, 2006
iPAQ 112 Pocket PC from 2008
A Hewlett-Packard Mini 1000 netbook computer, a type of notebook computer
The research center of Hewlett-Packard in the Paris-Saclay cluster, France
HP office in Japan
Hewlett-Packard 2014's desktop, monitor and laptop
iPAQ h4150 Pocket PC from 2003
An HP camera with an SDIO interface, designed for use in conjunction with a Pocket PC
A Hewlett-Packard sponsored Porsche 997 GT3 Cup
The company sponsored the HP Pavilion at San Jose (now SAP Center at San Jose), home to the NHL's San Jose Sharks.

It merged with Compaq in 2002, and acquired Electronic Data Systems in 2008, which led to combined revenues of $118.4 billion that year and a Fortune 500 ranking of 9 in 2009.

Dell

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American multinational technology company that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services, and is owned by its parent company of Dell Technologies.

American multinational technology company that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services, and is owned by its parent company of Dell Technologies.

Michael Dell (founder)
The company sponsors Dell Diamond, the home stadium of the Round Rock Express, the AAA minor league baseball affiliate of the Texas Rangers major league baseball team.
Dell's tagline "Yours is Here", as seen at their Mall of Asia branch in Pasay, Philippines

During the same period, rival PC vendors such as Compaq, Gateway, IBM, Packard Bell, and AST Research struggled and eventually left the market or were bought out.

Intel

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American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California.

American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California.

Andy Grove, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore in 1978
Federico Faggin, designer of the Intel 4004
The die from an Intel 8742, an 8-bit microcontroller that includes a CPU running at 12 MHz, 128 bytes of RAM, 2048 bytes of EPROM, and I/O in the same chip
An Intel mSATA SSD
Paul Otellini, Craig Barrett and Sean Maloney in 2006
Intel microprocessor facility in Costa Rica was responsible in 2006 for 20% of Costa Rican exports and 4.9% of the country's GDP.

Compaq, the first IBM PC "clone" manufacturer, produced a desktop system based on the faster 80286 processor in 1985 and in 1986 quickly followed with the first 80386-based system, beating IBM and establishing a competitive market for PC-compatible systems and setting up Intel as a key component supplier.

Digital Equipment Corporation

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Major American company in the computer industry from the 1960s to the 1990s.

Major American company in the computer industry from the 1960s to the 1990s.

Original Digital Equipment Corporation logo designed by Elliot Hendrickson in 1957, used from 1957 to 1993
DEC VAXstation
DECUS - Logo Digital Equipment Corporation Users Society

DEC was acquired in June 1998 by Compaq in what was at that time the largest merger in the history of the computer industry.

A Compaq Portable with the keyboard detached ready for use. This machine has an aftermarket hard disk and floppy disk drives added.

Compaq Portable

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Early portable computer which was one of the first IBM PC compatible systems.

Early portable computer which was one of the first IBM PC compatible systems.

A Compaq Portable with the keyboard detached ready for use. This machine has an aftermarket hard disk and floppy disk drives added.
Running WordPerfect 5.0
Compaq Portable Plus

It was Compaq Computer Corporation's first product, to be followed by others in the Compaq Portable series and later Compaq Deskpro series.

IBM Personal Computer with keyboard and monitor

IBM Personal Computer

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First microcomputer released in the IBM PC model line and the basis for the IBM PC compatible de facto standard.

First microcomputer released in the IBM PC model line and the basis for the IBM PC compatible de facto standard.

IBM Personal Computer with keyboard and monitor
IBM Personal Computer with keyboard and monitor
Internal view of a PC compatible computer, showing components and layout.
Original IBM Personal Computer motherboard
IBM PC with MDA monitor
IBM Model F keyboard
IBM Personal Computer with IBM CGA monitor (model 5153), IBM PC keyboard, IBM 5152 printer and paper stand. (1988)
The back of a PC, showing the five expansion slots
PC DOS 3.30 running on an IBM PC
Digital Research CP/M-86 Version 1.0 for the IBM PC

Simple duplication of the IBM PC BIOS was a direct violation of copyright law, but soon into the PC's life the BIOS was reverse-engineered by companies like Compaq, Phoenix Software Associates, American Megatrends and Award, who either built their own computers that could run the same software and use the same expansion hardware as the PC, or sold their BIOS code to other manufacturers who wished to build their own machines.

An Intel i386DX 16 MHz processor with a gray ceramic heat spreader.

I386

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32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.

32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.

An Intel i386DX 16 MHz processor with a gray ceramic heat spreader.
Intel A80386DX-20 CPU die image
Block diagram of the i386 microarchitecture
A surface-mount version of Intel 80386SX processor in a Compaq Deskpro computer. It is non-upgradable unless hot-air circuit-board rework is performed
Die of Intel 80386SX
i386SL from 1990
Intel i386 packaged by IBM
Typical 386 upgrade CPUs from Cyrix and Texas Instruments
Intel i386DX, 25 MHz
80386SX 16 MHz
Intel i386EXTC, 25 MHz
Intel i386CXSA, 25 MHz
A very early 80386 at 12 MHz (A80386-12), before the 32-bit multiply bug was found
An A80386-16 marked "16 BIT S/W ONLY" with the multiply bug
A bug-free A80386-16 marked "ΣΣ"

The first personal computer to make use of the 80386 was designed and manufactured by Compaq and marked the first time a fundamental component in the IBM PC compatible de facto standard was updated by a company other than IBM.

Advanced Micro Devices

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American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.

American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.

AMD's former headquarters in Sunnyvale, California (demolished in 2019)
AMD's campus in Markham, Ontario, Canada, formerly ATI headquarters
AMD's LEED-certified Lone Star campus in Austin, Texas
AMD Radeon memory
AMD processor with Intel logo

In 1993, AMD introduced the first of the Am486 family of processors, which proved popular with a large number of original equipment manufacturers, including Compaq, which signed an exclusive agreement using the Am486.

Michael Capellas

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American executive in the computer and telecommunication industries.

American executive in the computer and telecommunication industries.

Capellas served as chairman and CEO of First Data Corporation, acting CEO of Serena Software, chairman and CEO of Compaq Computer Corporation until its merger with Hewlett-Packard where he became president of the post-merger company briefly, and president and CEO of WorldCom (later MCI) where he led its merger with Verizon.