Comparison of archive formats

There are many popular computer data archive formats for creating and maintaining archive files.wikipedia
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Tar (computing)

tartarballtarballs
While the original tar format uses the ASCII character encoding, current implementations use the UTF-8 (Unicode) encoding, which is backwards compatible with ASCII.

Bzip2

BZIPbunzip2BZ2
Per-file compression with gzip, bzip2, lzo, xz, lzma (as opposed to compressing the whole archive).

Archive file

archive file formatarchivearchive format
There are many popular computer data archive formats for creating and maintaining archive files.

Archive

archivesarchivalfilm archive
Archive formats are used for backups, mobility, and archiving.

Data compression

compressionvideo compressioncompressed
Many archive formats compress the data to consume less storage space and result in quicker transfer times as the same data is represented by fewer bytes.

Unix-like

*nixUnixlike
Archive formats are also used by most operating systems to package software for easier distribution and installation than binary executables.

Package manager

package management systempackagesoftware package
Archive formats are also used by most operating systems to package software for easier distribution and installation than binary executables.

.exe

EXEEXE fileLinear Executable
Archive formats are also used by most operating systems to package software for easier distribution and installation than binary executables.

DOS

COM1AUX:LPT1
The DOS and Windows operating systems required filenames to include an extension (of at least one, and typically 3 characters) to identify the file type and use.

Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCMS Windows
The DOS and Windows operating systems required filenames to include an extension (of at least one, and typically 3 characters) to identify the file type and use.

Operating system

operating systemsOScomputer operating system
Many operating systems identify a file's type from its contents without the need for an extension in its name.

Magnetic storage

magnetic recordingmagnetic mediamagnetic disk
Archive files are often stored on magnetic media, which is subject to data storage errors.

Computer data storage

main memorystoragememory
Archive files are often stored on magnetic media, which is subject to data storage errors.

Magnetic tape data storage

magnetic tapetapeCassette
Early tape media had a higher rate of errors than they do today.

Logic

logicianlogicallogics
Many archive formats contain extra error-correction information to detect storage or transmission errors, and the software used to read the archive files contains logic to detect and possibly correct errors.